Generation 16

ASTON, Thomas
BABTHORPE, Sir William
BENSON, William
BEWLEY, Thomas
BOYNTON, Joan(e) (Jane)
BOYNTON, Sir Thomas
CAMPBELL, Katherine
CARNEGIE, Sir Robert
CHAYTOR, Unknown
CHOLMLEY, Sir Richard
CLIFFORD, Katherine
CRICHTON, Margaret
CUN(N)INGHAM(E), Margaret
CURWEN, Sir Henry
DACRE, Elizabeth
DENNY, Joyce
DOUGLAS, Sir Robert
DUNBAR, Sir John
ERSKINE, Margaret
FLEMING, Margaret
FLEMING, William
FRANK(E), Robert
GERARD, Sir Gilbert
GUTHRIE, Margaret
HALDANE, Margaret
HAMILTON, Isabel(la)
HAY, Elizabeth
HAY, George
HERIOT, Robert
HICKES, Unknown
HILDYARD, Isabel(l)
HOME, George
                          Jane (Joan, Joanne)
KEITH, Janet
KEITH, Margaret
KEITH, William
KENNEDY, Gilbert
KENNEDY, Margaret
KENNEDY, Margaret
KER, Isabel
KER, Sir Walter
LAWSON, Thomas
LEGARD, Raff (Ralph)
LESLIE, Elizabeth
LESLIE, George
LEYBOURNE, Katherine
LIDDELL, Unknown
LOWTHER, Sir Christopher
LYON, John
MITFORD, Christopher
                                        Sir Robert
MURE, Elizabeth
NEVILL, Sir William
NEVILLE, Catherine (Katherine)
NEWMAN, Unknown
ORDE, Anna
PARR(E), Agnes
PENNE (PEN[N]), John
PLACE, Christopher
PRESTON, Christopher
RUTHVEN, Patrick
SCOTT, Sir William
SKENE, James
STEWART, Henry I of Methven
STEWART, Margaret
WARDE, Christopher
WARDLAW, Sir Andrew
WEMYSS, Sir John

ABERNETHY, Elizabeth

F16: ABERNETHY, William                              B:
                                                                                M: by 1512, Elizabeth Hay
                                                                                D: December, 1543
                                                                                Comments: 5th Lord Saltoun. According to Burke’s Landed Gentry, his
                                                                                marriage to Elizabeth Hay was mentioned in her will, confirmed 26-3-

M16: HAY, Elizabeth                                        B:
                                                                                M: by 1512, William Abernethy
                                                                                D: October, 1574.
                                                                                Comments: Will confirmed 26-3-1576. According to Burke’s Landed
                                                                                Gentry, Elizabeth Hay is either the daughter of William Hay, 4th earl of
                                                                                Errol (whose wife was Christian Lyon), or John Hay, 2nd Earl of Yester
                                                                                (whose wife was Elizabeth Crichton). Stirnet – generally reliable -- records
                                                                                                                                                                                                        the latter.


F16: ANDERSON, Henry                                 B:
                                                                                M:             Anne Orde
                                                                                D: 1559

Henry Anderson

In the will of Christopher Mitford (husband of Jane, Henry Anderson’s daughter), Henry is mentioned as ‘four times mayor of this town’ (Newcastle). He was also Sheriff of Newcastle in 1520.

Henry Anderson is buried in St Nicholas Church cemetery, Newcastle, Durham.

M16: ORDE, Anne                                            B:
                                                                                M:              Henry Anderson
                                                                                D: before 1559 (pre-deceased her husband).
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Robert Orde.


F16: ASSHETON, Ralph                                   B: c 1523
                                                                                M:  c 1554, Alice Hulton
                                                                                D: August, 1587

                                                                                 Ralph Assheton

Called ‘John’ in the printed Visitation (Chet. Soc.), 28, Ralph Assheton was the fifth successive member of the Assheton family to bear this name in this genealogy (the earliest being Ralph Assheton, ‘the Black Knight’, of Generation 20). He succeeded his father, and, following the death of his uncle, Richard Assheton, also inherited Malham and Whalley. He was Deputy Lieutenant for Lancashire, and High Sheriff in 1579. At the time of his death (when his son and heir was age 35), he held “the manor of Great Lever, with messuages, water-mill, &c. and the tithes, of Richard Assheton of Middleton by the eightieth part of a knight’s fee and a rent of 14d.; also lands in Farnworth, Worsley, and Bolton” (Townships: Great Lever, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (1911), pp. 182-87; URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=53026).

M16: HULTON, Alice                                       B:
                                                                                M: c 1554, Ralph Assheton
                                                                                Note: Not to be confused with Eleanor Hulton (recorded in Generation
                                                                                18), daughter of Adam Hulton and wife of the Ralph Assheton who is
                                                                                                                                                                grandfather of Alice’s husband

ASTON, Sir Roger

F16: ASTON, Thomas                                      B: c 1485, Aston Grange, Runcorn (Cheshire)
M: 1512, Shottery, Warwickshire, Bridget Harewell
D: 1553-4
Comments: Sheriff of Cheshire (1551). Recorded by some researchers as a son of John Aston, who died in 1484; however, as Wikipedia points out, “Thomas's relationship to the Aston family of Tixall is in dispute. He is not listed in Sir Hugh and Thomas Cliffords's book on the Aston Family entitled A Topograhical and Historical Description of the Parish of Tixall in the County of Stafford. Nor do any of the Visitations of Stafford show him as being a son of John Aston.” Modern researchers record him as the son of Richard Ashton and Douce Warburton.

M16: HAREWELL, Bridget                              B: c 1493, Waven-Wootton, Warwickshire.
                                                                                M: 1512, Shottery, Warwickshire, Thomas Aston

                                                                                Bridget Harewell

Bridget Harewell was a daughter of John Harewell, and sister (and co-heir) of Thomas Harewell of Shottery (Warwickshire).

Walter de Beysin (d. 1344) owned an estate in Thonglands, which descended with his share of Broseley manor until the division of the Harewells' estate in 1534. Rents from Thonglands then passed to John Smith's wife Agnes and Thomas Aston's wife Bridget, who were sisters” (British History on-line, at http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=22866).


F16: BABTHORPE, Sir William                       B: 1528
                                                                                M: (i) 1557, Barbara Constable, Osgodby, East Riding, Yorkshire
                                                                                      (ii)             Frances Dawnay
                                                                                D: 1580-1

                                                                                Sir William Babthorpe ‘of Babthorpe and Osgodby’.

The father of Sir William Babthorpe – also Sir William (1493-1555)—“was appointed to the council of the Duke of Richmond in June 1525, and was made a justice of the peace for the East Riding. In 1536, he was appointed to the council of the North, serving alongside Sir Marmaduke Constable of Everingham… together they became involved in the first stages of the Pilgrimage of Grace the following year, though they were able to escape the executions of its leaders. It was probably by 1541 that Babthorpe's son and heir William was arranged in marriage to Constable's granddaughter Barbara, for Sir Marmaduke made Babthorpe one of the supervisors of his will in that year….Sir William Babthorpe (1528-1581)….. obtained the East Riding manor of Flotmanby in 1543, was elected M.P. in 1547 and again in 1554……(he) and Barbara Constable had one son (Ralph) and two daughters (Katherine, married to George Vavasour, and Margaret, married to Henry Cholmley) before her untimely death, likely by 1558 (as her father made provision for only three married daughters in his will that year). William took a second wife Frances Dawnay (not descended from Edward I) and had a third daughter
(Christian, married to John Girlington). It was this Sir William who was awarded the manors of Babthorpe and adjoining Brackenholme when the long-standing dispute with the Plumptons was finally settled in 1565. Sir William was also an attorney, appointed to the East Riding bench in 1562, and knighted by 1575. But he and his second wife were amongst the earliest Yorkshire gentry to fall back to the original Catholic faith, and the family would later pay dearly for their devotion to it” (Brad Verity, 4-5-2007, at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2007-05/1178320451).

M16: CONSTABLE, Barbara                           B:
                                                                                M: 1557, Sir William Babthorpe, Osgodby, East Riding, Yorkshire
                                                                                D: c 1560

                                                                                Barbara Constable

Through her mother, Barbara Constable was descended from Edward III, and the Babthorpes and Constables of Everingham would remain closely associated through the remainder of the century… Barbara's father, Sir Robert Constable of Everingham,was elected M.P. in 1553 and 1555” (Brad Verity, 4-5-2007, at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2007-05/1178320451).


F16: BELLINGHAM, Alan                                B: c 1516
M: (i) c 1545, Katherine Ducket
      (ii)  1562, Dorothy Sandford        
D: 7-5-1577

                                                                                Alan Bellingham

Sandfords of Westmoreland (at www.rainbeaux.net/sandfordhistory/SandfordsofWestmorland.doc), recounting the life of Dorothy Sandford’s father, Thomas Sandford (Generation 17), says: “In 1562, his daughter Dorothy married Alan Bellingham of Levens and Helsington, County Westmorland, and the head of an ancient Northumbrian family long settled in Westmor1and. She was his second wife, his first (by whom he had no children) having been Katherine, daughter of that Anthony Duckett of Grayrigg who accompanied Thomas on the raid on Annan.

He was a Bencher of the Inner Circle, and King’s Counsel for the North and a man of considerable wealth and local influence. His residence, Levens Hall, near Kendal as altered by his son Sir James Bellingham in 1610, still stands: its gardens are an endless delight, and have been painted and written about more than almost any other gardens in England. One of the rooms is now in the Victoria & Albert Museum as an example of interior decoration of the period.

Alan appears to have rapidly become chief adviser to his wife’s family, and his mother-in-law especially seems to have placed implicit faith in him. The marriage had a far reaching effect on the  Sandford fortunes, and for the next three generations we shall find the Sandford and Bellingham families in constant association.

 ……(Dorothy’s) husband’s monumental brass in Kendal church (he died May 7th, 1577, aged 61, so he was a good deal older than his wife) which bears the arms of Bellingham and Sandford, tells us that by her he had 7 sons and 8 daughters, of whom 5 sons and 7 daughters, together with his wife survived him.”

(From: Kirkby in Kendale: 1572-1650, Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923), pp. 92-119, URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=492771577):

“A summons from the Queen to Alan Bellingham to come before her Council…in the North Part at York on 20 January next ‘to answer unto such complaynt as Myles Fox, alderman of the boroughe of Kirkby Kendall and the burgesses of the same have exhibited unto us’ &c. ‘And over thes we will and commaund youe that youe in the meane tyme do by your selff and your workemen stay and forbeare frome any more bewldinge, erectinge and settinge uppe of one howse wch youe have begonne in Kerkbie Kendall on the east syde of a stret yr called the Hiegate or Sowtergate, untill the matter for the settinge upp and beuldinge of the same shalbe further ordred before us and our said counsell’ &c. ‘Fayle ye not hereof as ye will answere at your perell. Geven under our Signet at or said Cittie, this xxvith daie of December, the xxth yeare of or Reigne. And bie her counsell—Pullen’.”
M16: SANDFORD, Dorothy                           B: c 1519, Askham, Westmorland
                                                                                M: 1562, Alan Bellingham
                                                                                D: 19-8-1580, Kendal, Westmorland

                                                                                 Dorothy Sandford

Dorothy Sandford was the daughter of Thomas Sandford (Generation 18), the details of whose life have been painstakingly gathered and recounted in The Sandfords of Westmorland (op. cit.). The following information on Dorothy Sandford is extracted from this source:

In 1562 (Thomas’s) daughter Dorothy married Alan Bellingham of Levens and Helsington, County Westmorland, and the head of an ancient Northumbrian family long settled in Westmor1and. She was his second wife…..Dorothy’s dowry was 600 marks, and amongst the Sandford MSS is a document signed by Alan, dated 11th November, 1562, acknowledging the payment from his father-in-law of the last £50 in completion of this. Judging from the amounts assigned to the sisters for marriage portions in their father’s will….she seems to have been the favourite daughter…… (Alan) died May 7th, 1577, aged 61, so he was a good deal older than his wife.”


F16: BELLINGHAM, Sir Henry                       B: c 1428, Burnsheade
                                                                                M: c 1449, Katherine Leybourne, Burnshead.
                                                                                Comments: brother of Alan Bellingham (Generation 18). Described at
                                                                                1421/member/leybourne-sir-robert as an “influential landowner’.
M16: LEYBOURNE, Katherine                      B: c 1430, Cunswick.
                                                                                M: c 1449, Sir Henry Bellingham
                                                                                D: c 1475


F16: BENSON, William                                    B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown
                                                                                William Benson

Referred to in some research as ‘of Hewgill’ or ‘of Hugill’, there is little information available about the life of William Benson. The site www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=49277 mentions the name of William Benson, alongside that of James Strickland, as being witness to a document.

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:              William Benson
BEWLEY, William

F16: BEWLEY, Thomas                                    B:
                                                                                M:               Marion Barwick

Thomas Bewley

On the death (c 1552) of Richard Bewley (Generation 17), his eldest son and heir-at-law, Thomas Brewley, entered into possession of the Hesket and Brayton estates, and also of such of the customary freeholds in the manor of Caldbeck as Richard had retained in his own hands (Matthew Bewley, the second son, was already in possession of his portion of the demesne lands of Woodhall).

In addition, ‘Thomas Bewlye’ also appears as holding other portion of the customary freehold lands of the manor called Huttonskeughe, alias Heskethe pasture, jointly with twenty-eight other tenants who paid collectively a rent of vli vj8 viijd; and at the end of the customary tenants is the following paragraph in English: “All before holdeth their tenements at will of the Lorde for terme of lieffe of the Lord and tenants, after the custom of the manor, and paieth fines at deaths of the Lorde and tennante, and at every change by surrender or other waies, and are bounde to serve the quene’s matie and Ld with mtis horse and gear.”

Thomas Bewley’s father, Richard Bewley, had been nominated, in 1552, as an overseer of the Border watchers between Dalston and Caldbeck, but when the appointments came to be perfected (October, 1552), Thomas took up the position in his place. Several extant documents refer to this period of service: he appears as one of four chosen supervisors mentioned in the will (11-12-1565) of Richard Machell (who had settled at Caldbeck, also for purposes connected with Border service): “Thomas Bewlye, Nicholas Machell, Sir William Robinson, my curat, and Cuthbert Bewlye. Thomas Bewlye to have an angell of gould for his paynes”. In addition, documents at Lowther relating to the manor of Caldbeck include a Survey or Rental of the Wharton manors (dated 15-1-1560) which, under the heading of Heskethe, in the manor of Caldbecke-Underfell, states:  “Thomas Bewlye holds of the lord the pasture called Oxe Parke with the appurtenances of the annual value of xx8, and a tenement with the appurtenances called Stotgill of the annual value of ij8. . . . . xxij8.”

The nomination of Thomas Bewley, in 6 Edward VI (1552), as one of the overseers of the watchers on the Border, is the last instance that has been found of a public appointment being given to any of the Bewleys of Cumberland; following the end of the reign of Henry VIII, none of them appears to have been included in the Commission of the Peace, nor to have received the other type of appointments which had been so freely conferred on them since the reign of Edward IV. Possibly there existed political or other reasons which prevented the Bewleys from getting into the good graces of Queen Elizabeth and her ministers.

On January 9 and 10, 1572, Thomas Bewley, ‘gentleman’, was one of the jurors on an inquisition taken upon the forfeiture of the Percy estates in respect to certain rights of common and pasture and rights of inclosure in the Forest of Allerdale. Later that year, Thomas Bewley sold a portion of the lands of Brayton to James Cowdell, and he and his wife Marion, as well as his son and heir apparent, William Bewley, and his wife, Joan, joined in a fine that was then levied to carry out the sale. Thomas was owner of some customary freeholds, also at Brayton in the manor of Aspatria; either in 1572 or shortly afterwards, he transferred his interest in the small manor of Brayton to his son, William, retaining, however, those other lands; he also had a house at Brayton held in fee under the Crown.

M16: BARWICK, Marion                                B:
                                                                                M:              Thomas Bewley

Marion Barwick

The identity of Marion as the daughter of Robert Barwick is indicated by a single document, cited on http://www.thomasbewley.com/Bewleys-of-Cumberland/PDF/bewleys_complete_text.pdf:  “On 7th February, 38 Henry VIII. (1546), an inquisition was held at Shap in Westmorland on the death of Robert Barwick, gentleman, who died 27th October, 1546, leaving Thomas Barwick his son and heir-at-law aged eight years; and it was thereby found that by his will, dated 31st December, 37 Henry VIII, he made certain provisions for his wife and his two sons, Anthony and Thomas, and declared that if his said sons should die before either of them attained the age of 18 years all such as he had ‘bequestyd’ to them or either of them should descend and remain unto Thomas Bewley and the testator’s daughter, Joyce Barwicke, equally to be divided between them.”


F16: BLAIR, John                                               B: 1502, Blair, Ayrshire
                                                                                M: 23-11-1546, Margaret Cunningham(e), Cuninghame
                                                                                D: 1570

John Blair

According to John Burke (A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain, Vol 4), John Blair “obtained, on the resignation of his father, a charter from him of the lands of Tunnybankhead and Blair Ardoch, in 1546. This seems to have been in consequence of his marriage, about that time, to a lady by the name of Cunninghame, by whom he had a son, John, and, it would appear, two daughters…. he died in the early part of the reign of Jamers VI”.

M16: CUNNINGHAM(E) (CUNINGHAME), Margaret               
B: c 1517, Glengarnock, Ayrshire
                                                                                M: 23-11-1546, John Blair
                                                                                Comments: some researchers record her date of birth as 1506; however,
                                                                                this would seem unlikely if we are to believe John Burke (cited above in
                                                                                the entry for Margaret’s husband, John Blair) that the two were married
                                                                                ‘about’ 1546. This research will follow the interpretation of David V
                                                                                Hughey (13-3-2011, at http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-
                                                                                bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=david_hughey&id=I173628), recording Margaret
                                                                                as daughter of William Cunninghame, who was killed at the Battle of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pinkie in 1547.

BOYNTON, Sir Francis

F16: BOYNTON, Sir Thomas                          B: 1523
                                                                                M: (i)               Jane (or Ellen) Fairfax, daughter of Nicholas Fairfax
      (ii) Margaret St Quintin
      (iii) c 1555, Frances Frobysher
      (iv) c 1573, Alice Strickland (nee Tempest), widow of Christopher Place
                                        (Generation 16) and Walter Strickland.
                                                                                D: 1581

                                                                                Sir Thomas Boynton
A minor at the death of his father, Sir Thomas Boynton was made a ward, in 1543-4, of Henry VIII, who ordered the yearly payment of £20 out of the manor of Barmston to Sir Ralph Eure, Kt., for the duration of the minority of Thomas (who recovered the manor of Barmston and advowson of the rectory in 1567).
Sir Thomas was Member of Parliament for Boroughbridge in 1571, High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1576, and received the honour of Knighthood at Hampton Court in January, 1577; he was subsequently mentioned as a suitable person to fill a vacancy on the Council of the North, a position he eventually filled until just before his death.
Sir Thomas married four times, although some researchers do not record the second marriage, to Margaret St Quintin (who died without issue, whereupon he married ( c1555) her first cousin, Frances Frobysher; in 1558, Thomas’s youngest sister, Margaret Boynton, married his wife’s brother, William Frobisher of Doncaster).Frances, the mother of his son and heir, Francis (Generation 15), died c 1570.

Thomas entered negotiations (1572) to marry Anne Goldesborough, the heiress of that family, but the marriage never eventuated; instead, in June 1573, he married Alice Strickland (nee Tempest), whose first marriage, to Christopher Place, had produced Dorothy, who was to become the wife of Francis.

On June 15, 1573, Sir Thomas Boynton signed a bond to Thomas, son and heir of Walter and Alice Strickland, and to Alice Strickland, sister of Thomas Strickland, to perform the covenants in this indenture (cited from http://www.boyntons.us/yorkshire/people/lineage/collier/02barmston.html):

“An indenture was signed 15th June, 1573, between Alice Strickland, the mother, and Thomas and Alice Strickland, her children, concerning the timber, lead, iron, glass and wainscot, &c., remaining at Sizergh after the death of Walter Strickland, her late husband, and by his will reserved for his son Thomas. Alice purchased all these materials of the heir, but before her marriage with Thomas Boynton she conveyed them to him with other household furniture of her own purchase, except two dozen silver spoons. Alice had carried on the repairs which Walter Strickland had left unfinished at his death.” (Thomas Strickland came of age on June 6, 1585; on January 23, 1588-9, he released to Lady Alice Boynton of Ripon, his mother, all furniture, plate, etc., left to him by his father’s will.)
Thomas Boynton was one of the top ten landowners of the East Riding in the second half of the 16th-century, and when he died (1581;
some records say January, 1582) he left a personal estate of £2454. His will is undated, but was proved at York 30th March, 1587. In it, 
he earnestly requests Henry, Earl of Huntingdon (styling him ‘that man of God’), to take upon him the guardianship of his only son; 
further, he expresses his desire to be buried, with his ancestors, in the Church of Barmston without any costly or sumptuous funerals 
(this wish was duly carried out on January 5, 1581, the herald receiving 20 marks “for sitting on this funeral”). 
An original document, cited on http://newsarch.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2005-01/1105295168, headed ‘Fraunces 
doughter to Frauncis Frobysher of Doncaster. [HSP 16:84, pedigree of Boynton] re: her husband: Thomas Boynton, of Barmston in 
Holderness, co. Yorks.’ states: “Thomas Boynton, of Barmston in Holderness, co. Yorks.Defeazance dated 27 Sep 1574: By Thomas 
Boynton of Barmeston, esq., Fraunces Wicliffe and Robert Place, gents., concerning a bond entered into by William Vavasour of Weston
in respect of the marriage settlement of his son Mayor and Elynor Foster ……A2A, West Yorkshire Archive Service, Leeds: Weston 
Hall Records, WYL639/306”.

M16: FROBYSHER, Frances                           B:
                                                                                M: c 1563, Sir Thomas Boynton
                                                                                Comments: Pedigree of Hastynges, Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563, 1564
                                                                                records “William Frobisher’s brother-in-law Thomas Boynton of Barmston
                                                                                married to Fraunces, doughter to Frauncis Frobysher of Doncaster.”


F16: CARNEGIE, Sir Robert                           B: c 1490
                                                                                M: before 12-06-1257, Margaret Guthrie of Lunan
                                                                                D: 5-1-1565/6                                                                                            
Sir Robert Carnegie

Sir Robert Carnegie, an important statesman in Scotland, holding positions of ambassador and Senator of the College of Justice, is 
mentioned by Charles Rogers (2008), Memorials of the Scottish Families of Strachan and Wise (page 23): “Of an inquest held at Dundee 
of 7th November 1513 for serving Robert Carnegie of Kinnaird heir to John Carnegie his father, in the lands of Kinnaird, James 
Strathachin of Balmaddie was one of the members (Fraser’s Earls of Southesk, p. 24)”. 
A great deal of information on the life of Sir Robert Carnegie is recorded by Alex J Warden (1880), in Angus Forfarshire, Land and
People, Descriptive and Historical, (reprinted at http://www.archive.org/stream/angusorforfarshi01ward/angusorforfarshi01ward_djvu.txt), from which the following biography is extracted:

“Robert succeeded to the estates on the death of his father. He was then a minor, but in terms of the Act of Parliament passed before 
the King set out on his fatal invasion of England, dispensing with the non-age of heirs of those slain fighting in the royal cause, and 
permitting them to enter into possession of their heritage without payment of the usual fines due to the superior, Robert was served 
heir to the properties within a short time of the death of his father. 
On 7th July, 1547, the Duke of Chatelherault, then Governor of Scotland, appointed liim one of the Senators of tlie College of Justice, 
and next year he was sent Ambassador to England to treat of the redemption of the Earl of Huntly, the Lord Chancellor, who had been 
taken prisoner on the fatal field of Pinkie. On his return he was knighted. 
In 1551 the Governor sent Sir Robert as ambassador extraordinary to France, and mainly through his instrumentality the Governor 
resigned tlie Regency to the Queen mother. In 1555 he and another were sent to England to negotiate a treaty of trade and commerce 
between the countries, which was satisfactorily arranged. While engaged in these and many other important national affairs he was not
neglectful of his own personal interests, as he acquired Ethie, Idvy, Auchquliandlin, Fethies, Balnamoon, and others, which he added to
his paternal estate, thus greatly enlarging the family domains. He also purchased lands in other counties, and made considerable 
additions to the family mansion.”
 In addition, a reference (published at http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/alexander-hastie-millar/roll-of-eminent-burgesses-of-dundee-1513-1886-lli/page-6-roll-of-eminent-burgesses-of-dundee-1513-1886-lli.shtml) to the admission of Sir Robert Carnegie’s son, John (brother of David Carnegie, Generation 15) to the roll of eminent burgesses of Dundee says that while Sir Robert “held a considerable amount of property in Dundee….he does not seem to have been entered as a Burgess. The date of the admission of Sir John Carnegie (14-9-1571) is important, as throwing some light upon his own political history. After a long life spent in the service of his country as an ambassador…..and as a politician, Sir Robert Carnegie expired on the 5th of January, 1565-6, and was buried in the Old Kirk of Leuchars, where his tombstone may still be seen.

By his wife, Margaret Guthrie of Lunan, he left seven sons and seven daughters, all of whom were closely connected with Angus and the Mearns. His eldest daughter, Margaret, became the wife of Sir James Scrymgeour of Dudhope, Constable of Dundee; whilst his eldest son was that Sir John Carnegie whose name is here entered.

Almost the last public act of Sir Robert was the executing of a charter, dated 25th March, 1565, by which he resigned his lands of Kinnaird, Balnamone, Littlecarcary, and Monrommon Muir, to his son and heir-apparent, John Carnegie, these lands being incorporated anew into the Barony of Kinnaird by Queen Mary, “in recognition of the services done for her by the said Robert, as well in France and England, as in other foreign parts, in negotiations conducted by him for the honour and common weal of the kingdom.”

Sir Robert Carnegie’s eldest son, John, succeeded him, but died without male issue, whereupon his younger son, David (Generation 15) became his heir.

M16: GUTHRIE, Margaret                             B: c 1493
                                                                                M: before 12-06-1257, Robert Carnegie
                                                                                D:  April, 1571.

                                                                                Margaret Guthrie of Lunan.

Margaret Guthrie was a book collector. She is mentioned in William Carew Hazlitt’s book, A roll of honour: a calendar of the names of over 17,000 men and women who throughout the British Isles and in our early colonies have collected mss. and printed books from the XIVth to the XIXth century (page 96), with reference to ‘Quaritch’s Catalogue 207, no. 67’. Bernard Quaritch is the author of Examples of the Art of Book-Binding (2009), which contains a catalogue of bindings; on page 8, he writes, of Hore Beatissime Virginis Marie, “a fine book printed in balck and red, with a considerable number of excellent woodcuts”, that it was “bound for a Scotish lady….Margaret Guthrie, for whom the book was bound, must have had it done in France between 1560 and 1565, but the workmanship is hardly good enough to warrant a suggestion of Paris or of Lyons.”


F16: CHAYTOR, Unknown                             B:
                                                                                M:                Unknown

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:                 Unknown


F16: CHOLMLEY, Sir Richard                         B: 1537
                                                                                M: (i)                Margaret Conyers
                                                                                       (ii)               Katherine Clifford
                                                                                D: May, 1599.

                                                                            Sir Richard Cholmley of Roxby, Braham, and of Whitby

The son of Roger Cholmley (Generation 17), who had acquired Roxby from Sir Roger Hastings after a protracted legal case between 
Hastings and Roger Cholmley’s brother, Richard (that is, Sir Richard’s uncle; a major difficulty in extracting information about this era of 
the Cholmley family was that two brothers, Richard and Roger, each had sons which they named after the other, so that Roger the 
younger is the nephew of Richard the elder, and Richard the younger the nephew of Roger the elder), Sir Richard succeeded to his 
father’s inheritance (land in Cork and Kent) in 1538, and was the first Cholmley to have an association with the town of Whitby, 
purchasing a lease on abbey lands in 1541 (he subsequently obtained a grant (1555) to purchase the abbey and its possessions from 
John Yorke, who in turn had bought them from the earl of Warwick at the time of the Dissolution).
Sir Richard followed in the footsteps of his father and uncle (who had been knighted together after the Battle of Flodden) by 
distinguishing himself in royal military service; his command of a regiment at Musselburgh against the Scots earnt him a knighthood 
Sir Richard, who “was possessed of a very great estate worth at this day to the value of about L10,000 a year”, resided (with about fifty 
or sixty men-servants to attend to his needs) at Roxby (between Pickering and Thornton), which the records show him having rebuilt: 
“Sir Rychard Cholmley did send Gyles Raunde and George Raude two masons to the Quenes Castell of Pyckeringe whenn he builded his 
gallerye at Roxbye to polle downe the chefe stones of Masonn work owt of one howse in the same castell called the King’s Haull, and 
took owte of the pryncypall and cheffest Towre of the same castle the stones of the stayres which they did and the said Sir Rychard 
caused xiiii wayne lodes of the same stones to be caryed by his Tenantes to his owne house at Roxbye”. He was, as described by 
descendant Hugh Cholmley in his Memoirs (currently held in the York Minster archives), a larger-than-life character who “never took a 
journey to London with less than thirty, sometimes forty men-servants, though he went without his Lady”. 
Sir Richard married, first, Margaret Conyers, by whom he had three sons and four daughters and, second, Katherine Clifford, daughter 
of the first earl of Cumberland, who bore him a daughter, after which they did not cohabit for several years (later, during a trip when he 
was, somewhat unusually, accompanied by Katherine, they began again to live as husband and wife, subsequently producing two sons, 
Henry (Generation 15) and John). 
Sir Richard died, age 62, at Roxby, and was buried (17-5-1599) in the chancel of Thornton church (his monument, still standing, bears 
the effigy of a lady and is nameless), of which he was patron. Hugh Cholmley’s eulogy describes him as “tall of stature and withal big 
and strong-made, having in his youth a very active, able body, bold and stout; his hair and eyes black, and his complexion brown, 
insomuch as he was called the great black Knight of the North; though the word ‘great’ attributed to him not so much for his stature, as 
power, and estate, and fortune. He was a wise man, and a great improver of his estate, which might have prospered better with his 
posterity, had he not been extra-ordinarily given to the love of women”. 
M16: CLIFFORD, Katherine                       B:
                                                                            M: (i) 1530, John Scrope            
                                                                                  (ii)          Sir Richard Cholmley
                                                                            D: 1595
                                                                            Comments: eldest daughter of Henry, 1st earl of Cumberland. Her marriage 
                                                                            to John Scrope, 8th Lord of Bolton, produced five children.
F16: COCHRANE, John                                B: c 1515, Fernois 
                                                                            M:  1549, Mary Lindsay of Dunrod
                                                                            D: 1557
                                                                            John Cochrane of Fernois
John Cochrane of Fernois (two miles east of Paisley, in Scotland) was returned as heir to his father 12-5-1539 (Charter No. 11 in Charter
Chest of the Earldom of Dundonald). He later settled at Briblon, 7 miles from Londonderry, and then to the foot of Foughen (Ireland) 
in 1570. 
M16: LINDSAY, Mary                                   B:
                                                                            M: 1549, John Cochrane
                                                                            Comments: ‘of Dunrod’ (described as ‘an ancient family in Renfrewshire’).

                                                                                B: c 1556
                                                                                M:  (i)             Unknown Dalston
       (ii)  1571, Margaret Sandford
       (iii)             Unknown Carnaby
       (iv)  1575, Winifred Pickering
                                                                                D: 1-5-1593


Henry Crackanthorpe (Crackenthorpe) of Newbiggin

The following information regarding Henry Crackanthorpe (Crackenthorpe) is extracted from William Guy Fletcher, 30-5-2012, athttp://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=allerton_manor&id=I1209:

Will: 19 APR 1593  …..Probate: 1596 …. 11 JUN 1593 Inquisition at Temple Sowerby. C 142/235/92 mm.1-2. Ward 7/24/60…..Mentioned in the will of cousin Albany Fetherstonhaugh #5709, 5 Nov 1573.” 

M16: PICKERING, Winifred                          B: c 1558
                                                                                M: 1575, Henry Crackanthorpe (Crackenthorpe)
                                                                                D: buried 24-8-1589


F16: CURWEN, Sir Henry                               B: May, 1528
M: (i) c 1548, Mary Fairfax of Gilling and Walton.
                                                                                      (ii)            Jannet (Jane) Crosbie (mother of Thomas)
                                                            D: 25-12-1597 (some sources say 1592).

                                                                                 Sir Henry Curwen

Note: The following biography of Sir Henry Curwen has been included twice in this research: in Generation 12, as husband of Jannet Crosbie and father of Agnes Curwen’s half-brother, Thomas Curwen (Generation 11), and in Generation 16, as husband of Mary Fairfax and father of Agnes Curwen (Generation 15).

When Thomas Curwen, Henry Curwen’s father (Generation 13) died (1543), he left instructions in his will that Sir Thomas Wharton (Lord Wharton), Walter Strickland, and John Preston should be appointed guardians of his eldest son, Henry (who must, by that time, have almost attained his majority).  Another provision in his will states that “Also I gifif and bequethes unto my doughter Agnes Curwen a standing cuppe with a covering doble gilted”. The reference is almost certainly to Agnes Wharton, daughter of his brother-in-law (possibly father-in-law), Sir Thomas Wharton; ten years previously (2-10-1534) a licence was granted to the Dean of the Chapel of the Earl of Northumberland to marry Henry Curwen and Agnes Wharton in the chapel of Topcliffe, “ad contemplationem ejusdem comitis.” Since Henry and Agnes would have been little more than infants at this time, it seems that this marriage was a stratagem to strengthen the union between the two families (Thomas’s second marriage was to Florence Wharton, either the sister or daughter of Sir Thomas Wharton); no further record of the ‘marriage’ of the two children exists (apart from the already-mentioned bequest in the will), and Henry’s first recorded marriage (to Mary Fairfax) was around 14 years later.

In all, Sir Henry Curwen was officially married three times; the daughter of his first marriage (to Mary Fairfax, c 1548), is Agnes Curwen (born c 1554), wife of James Bellingham (Generation 15); the genealogical line of Mary Fairfax, therefore, will continue with her entry in Generation 16. Sir Henry’s third marriage, to Jannet (Jane) Crosbie, is reported to have occurred as early as 1553, but daughter Agnes’s birth (to his first wife, but a year after the presumed date of his second marriage), plus the fact that Henry and Jannet’s son, Thomas (Generation 11), is recorded as being born in 1590 – thirty-seven years later, by which time Sir Henry was aged 61 – make this date highly unlikely (the records, in fact, show an even later-born child of Sir Henry and Jannet: Bridget, recorded as being born in 1594 -- by which time Sir Henry would have been at least 65 years old -- which would make it unlikely that Jannet was even born by 1553). No children are recorded for the marriage to Katherine (Catherine) Lambton.

This problem with dating of the records is carried through into the numbering of the generations, not only of the Curwen family, but of the Bellingham, Lowther, and Preston families, with whom the Curwens are repeatedly linked by marriage. Sir Henry’s name, for instance, occurs in two other generations in addition to this current one: his sister, Margaret Curwen, married John Preston, the younger brother of Christopher Preston (1520 - 1594), who is recorded (as husband of Margaret Southworth) in Generation 16; his daughter, Agnes, instead of occurring (conveniently for compilers of family research chronologies) in Generation 11, is recorded as far ‘back’ as Generation 15, as grandmother of Elizabeth Bellingham (wife of John Lowther, Generation 13), whose daughter, Mary, married George Preston (Generation 12), who is the great-great-grandson of Christopher Preston and Margaret Southworth. Agnes’s husband, James Bellingham (Generation 15), is the great-great grandson of Sir Robert Bellingham and Elizabeth Tunstall (Generation 19); yet Sir Robert Bellingham and Elizabeth Tunstall are, in turn, recorded also in Generation 17 as great-grandparents of Margaret Bellingham (Generation 14), who is not only a cousin of James Bellingham’s father, Alan, but also -- by virtue of her marriage to Christopher Curwen – the grandmother of Sir Henry Curwen and great-grandmother of Agnes. Thus, Agnes has Sir Robert Bellingham and Elizabeth Tunstall as her direct ancestor (six generations removed), and as the ancestor of her husband (four generations removed).

To further complicate the connections, Agnes and James’s great-granddaughter, Mary Lowther -- wife of George Preston (born 1642, Generation 12), as shown above – can claim Sir Henry as her great-great grandfather, and his sister, Margaret, as her great-great grandmother, through two separate lines, since her husband is the great-grandson of Christopher Preston, whose brother, John, is, in turn, the husband of Margaret Curwen. Mary Lowther’s great-great-great-great-great grandfather, John Lowther, married Lucy Curwen (Generation 19), who is the sister of the Christopher Curwen of Generation 14 who married Margaret Bellingham.

These difficulties notwithstanding, the dates of birth, marriage, and death of Sir Henry Curwen would make it likely that it is he who is referred to in the following passage (from The Ghostly Guide to the Lake District): “The Curwens prospered during Tudor times and (Workington) Hall became very grand. Its most famous visitor was Mary Queen of Scots. She escaped from her sister, Elizabeth in 1568 and fled from Scotland, crossing the Solway in a fishing boat. She was given safe haven by the Curwens. Many of the Cumbrian nobility were still Catholics in those days. After only one night, Elizabeth brought her influence to bear and Mary was led off to captivity again in Carlisle. However in her gratitude she gave Sir Henry Curwen an agate cup. This was the Luck of Workington and was kept by the Curwens until the line ran out”.

Sir Henry Curwen represented Cumberland in Parliament during both the 6th year of the reign of Edward VI, and the first year of the 
reign of Elizabeth. Knighted at Carlisle (28-8-1570) by the Earl of Somerset, he “was Sheriff of Cumberland, 3 or 4, 12 or 13, 22, 24, 31, 
and 32 Elizabeth, and Knight of the Shire for that County, 7 Edward VI., 2 and 3 Philip and Mary, and 5 Elizabeth” (William Jackson, 
c 1866, Publications, at http://www.archive.org/stream/publications05cumb/publications05cumb_djvu.txt) His will (dated 7-10-1595, 
confirmed18-10-1595, and proved at York, 31-1-1597) “bears witness of his thoughtful affection towards his second wife and her family
….he leaves amongst the two sons and five daughters an annuity of ninety-four pounds, remainder amongst the survivors; the result 
being that Bridget, the youngest daughter, who died unmarried, enjoyed the whole for many years previous to her death, January 12th,
1681, at the age of 87, having survived her father 85 years…Sir Henry had previously, on March 30th, 1594, bought in the joint names of
himself and his second son, Thomas, by this marriage, the customary estate of Sellowe Park from Thomas Fleming, who, up to that time,
had been its owner and occupant….. about his burial and burial place:  ‘I will my bodie shall be buried in the Chantrie of the church side 
of the Church of Workington and as nigh to the place as may be whereas my first wife was buried, and for all other things touching my 
funerall and buriall I do referre the same to the discrecon of my executors and the supvisors of this my last will such executors and 
supervisors I hope will bring me forth according to my calling for theire owne creditt sake’.”(William Jackson, op. cit.)

The genealogical lines of Sir Henry Curwen (and that of his second wife, Jannet Crosbie) will continue from their first entry (Generation 12); the genealogical line for his first wife, Mary Fairfax, will continue from this present entry, her first occurrence (Generation 16).

M16: FAIRFAX, Mary                                      B: May, 1528
                                                                                M: c 1548, Sir Henry Curwen
                    Comments: of Gilling and Walton. Daughter of Nicholas Fairfax. Also listed
                    in Generation 12 as wife of Sir Henry Curwen; however, her genealogical
                                                                                line will continue from this present entry.
CURWEN, Sir Thomas

F16: CURWEN (de CULWEN), Sir Christopher
                                                                                B: c 1430
                                                                                M: (i)             Katherine Salkeld            
      (ii)            Anne Pennington (de Penington)
                                                                                D: 6-4-1499

                                                                                Sir Christopher Curwen (Culwen)

A burial monument, erected by Sir Christopher Curwen (de Culwen) for his grandfather (Sir Christopher Curwen, died 1453), and his grandmother (Elizabeth Hudleston, died c 1468) has survived to the present day (although damaged in 1992 by a fire) in St. Michael's Church, Workington (Cumbria). “The details indicate that it dates to between 1455 -1465 ….the monument was erected by Sir Christopher II Curwen, Knt., in the lifetime of his grandmother Elizabeth Hudleston. Elizabeth Hudleston was still alive at this date, as proven by a Charter: ‘Ego Elizabetha nuper uxor Christopheri Curwen militis relaxvi Willo Curwen armigero filio Thomae Curwen totum jus meum in quodam annuali reditu lxvs liber. firm. mei exeuntis de Manerio de Preston Patrick in Kendale in Com. Westmerland. Prout patet p. Cart. dat 7 Edw. IV (A.D. 1468).’ (‘I, Elizabeth lately the wife of Christopher Curwen, knight, have released to William Curwen, esquire, son of Thomas Curwen, knight, the whole of my right in a certain annual income of 65 (pounds), derived from my farm of the manor of Preston Patrick in Kendale. Dated: 7 Edward IV.’) Source: Papers and Pedigrees, by author William Jackson, F.S.A, published in 1892, pg. 304. On the cover of the monument are the effigies of Sir Christopher Curwen, knight and Elizabeth his lady, with the inscription ‘Orate pro animabz Xtoferi Curwen militis et Elizabethe uxoris ejus’.” (Tim Cartmell, 19-8-2007, at http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Soc/soc.genealogy.medieval/2007-08/msg00905.html).

Inscriptions on this monument have led to a re-interpretation of the parentage of Sir Christopher’s wife, Anne Pennington (de Penington), traditionally believed to have been the daughter of Sir John Pennington (died 1470) and Katherine de Tunstall (this is the interpretation of Joseph Foster in The Pedigree of Sir Josslyn Pennington, 5th Baron of Muncaster, published 1878). Tim Cartmell (op. cit.) continues: “On the western side of the monument are five shields….. The last shield shows Sir Christopher II Curwen's coat of arms as ‘impaling the eldest son of Pennington, who predeceased his father’….. this Pennington shield carries sub-ordinaries a label with four (or possibly five) points, over five fusils…. it may be supposed that a label in Heraldry typically represents a mark of Cadency for the eldest son in the lifetime of his father. Mr. Jackson believed that this evidence carved on the stone monument, was proof that Anne Pennington was the daughter…. of John Pennington (died about 1460)…. Specifically, he stated, ‘I think the monument proves that she was daughter, and not sister, of that John Pennington who pre-deceased his father of the same name, although Mr. Foster…..has put her down as the latter. I believe, also, that my view agrees better with the dates.’ Source: 'Papers and Pedigrees', by author William Jackson, F.S.A, published in 1892, pgs. 304, 305.” Evaluating this evidence in a follow-up (19-8-2007) post on the same site, Alex Maxwell Findlater concludes: “I expect that Jackson is right -- the necessity of the dates, especially with women, would tend in that direction -- and Foster was not infallible.” (http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Soc/soc.genealogy.medieval/2007-08/msg00911.html)

This present research will accept the interpretation of Cartmell and Findlater.

M16: PENNINGTON (de PENINGTON), Anne                          
B: c 1430
                                                                                M:               Sir Christopher Curwen (de Culwen)
                                                                                D: c 1499

                                                                                Anne Pennington (de Penington)

Traditionally thought to be the daughter of Sir John Pennington (died 1470) and Katherine de Tunstall -- and, therefore, the sister of the Sir John Pennington (c 1415 – c 1460, husband of Elizabeth Radcliffe (de Radclyffe)), who predeceased his father by a decade – Anne Pennington (de Penington) is now believed to have been misplaced; evidence on the burial monument erected by her husband (see above), incorporating the Pennington shield, indicates that she is, in fact, the daughter of the man previously thought to be her brother. This makes her the sister of yet another Sir John Pennington (1434-1512) who is already recorded in this generation as husband of Isabel Broughton. As well as supporting the information contained on the shields, this new interpretation “agrees better with the dates" (William Jackson, 1892, Papers and Pedigrees, pp. 304-5, cited by Tim Cartmell, 19-8-2007, at http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Soc/soc.genealogy.medieval/2007-08/msg00905.html). 
DOCWRA, Humphrey (Humfrey)

F16: DOCWRA, John                                        B: c 1480
                                                                                M: (i)              Unknown Stafford (mistress)
                                                                                    (ii)  c 1510, Ann(e) St George
                                                                                D: 1531

                                                                                John Docwra

While the genealogical line of the Docwra family becomes convoluted from this generation, it seems generally-accepted that John Docwra of Temple Dinsley is the eldest son of James Docwra and Katherine (Catherine) Haselden, and, thus, nephew of Sir Thomas Docwra, Lord Grand Prior of the Knights of St John of Jerusalem.

Odd Ottesen (26-10-2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/DOCWRA/2001-10/1004093189) provides the following information (with citations) on the life of John Docwra: “The manor of Putteridge in Lilley, Hertfordshire, was from 1520 owned by Richard Lyster, the king’s soliciter, who conveyed it in 1525 to John Docwra. He was succeeded by his son Thomas Docwra, who in 1556 also bought the manor of Lilley. (VCH Hertfordshire, III, 42.) About 1526 Thomas St. George granted the later Docwras manor in Foxton, Cambridgeshire, to John Docwra, his son-in-law. “Thomas’ son Francis released his entailed interest in 1549 to Docwra’s son Thomas, who sold most of his Foxton land in 1568”. (VCH Cambridgeshire, VIII, 168.) John Docwra was a co-heir of the Grand Prior Sir Thomas Docwra. (GT) John Docwra, gentleman, was a kinsman of Thomas Docwra, knight, late prior, and he was summoned by Sir William Weston, who followed Sir Thomas as prior, for “bonds, jewels, plate and chattels of the Hospital carried off by the defendant [John Docwra] when the said Thomas lay a dying in the year 18 Henry VIII”. (procat) John Docwra was (after 1515) summoned by Robert Ferman concerningexchange of the manor of Walton for lands in Holoway and Hygate, Northampton (Middlesex)”. (procat) Martin Docwra summoned the executors of John Docwra, Thomas Hutton, Edward Brokett and John Peryent: “Action of debt for money lent to complainant by the testator, he promising as a set off share of plate entrusted to him by Thomas Dockwray, late prior of the Hospital of St. [John]” (procat).”

The Visitations of Hertfordshire show John and Ann had five children: Thomas, Humphrey, Frances, Katherine and Ann (Ann is not mentioned in John’s will - she married John Darnell of Thornicham, Lincolnshire). In a revision (8-1-2004 at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2004-01/1073552613) of his earlier interpretation of the data, Ottesen admits to having, previously, “trusted the Visitations too much, or rather presented their informations. It can now be slightly corrected. In the will of John Docwra of Temple Dinsley, Hertfordshire, from 1531 (http://www.yobunny.co.uk/~docwra/doc-wills16.htm), there is only mentioned three children - presumably - by his wife Alice (St. George), namely Thomas, Humphrey and Katherine; but John also mentions his bastard daughter, Frances, who first married Thomas Cheney (not Chichley) and then Anthony Docwra” (the will, written 20-2-1531 and proved 12-8-1531, further mentions John’s brother (Thomas Chicely), daughter (Kathryne), and mistress (Stafford); the Docwra Family Research Project mentions a further daughter (Mary) who married T. Cheyney; this seems conflict with Ottesen’s conclusion that ‘Thomas Cheney’ was actually the husband of Frances.)

M16: ST GEORGE, Ann(e)                             B: c 1500
                                                                                M:  c 1510, John Docwra

 Ann(e) St George.

According to researcher Frances Hoch (nee Jarman), Ann(e) St George is mentioned in Roland Parker’s book,  The Common Stream:  Two Thousand Years of the English Village, which, recounting the history of Foxton, Cambridgeshire, mentions that Ann(e) brought to the marriage, as dowry, ‘the half-manor of Foxton-Shepreth’,  and “the name stuck to it ever since, despite all the vicissitudes and the fact that only one manor-court was held in that name”.

Ann(e) St George is the daughter of Sir Thomas St George and Alice Rothertham.

DOUGLAS, Sir William

F16: DOUGLAS, Sir Robert                            B:
                                                                                M: 11-7-1527, Margaret Erskine
                                                                                D: 10-9-1547 (at Battle of Pinkie Cleugh)
Sir Robert Douglas ‘of Lochleven’

Sir Robert Douglas is mentioned in a charter of 1543. In 1545, he undertook repairs to Lochleven Castle (until 1813 there was to be seen, on an undated projecting stone in the Castle wall, the initial letters R.D. and M.E., evidently referring to Robert Douglas and Margaret Erskine.)

M16: ERSKINE, Margaret                              B: 1513, Edinburgh, Midlothian
                                                                                M: (i)                    James V of Scotland, as mistress.
       (ii) 11-7-1527, Sir Robert Douglas
                                                                                D: 5-5-1572.

Margaret Erskine
Margaret Erskine, daughter of of John Erskine (5th Lord Erskine) and Margaret Campbell, was a mistress of King James V of Scotland, described as his favourite among several (in fact, so favoured was she that it is said that James at one time considered arranging her divorce from Sir Robert Douglas so that he could marry her). She was the mother of the most important of James’s illegitimate children, James Stewart (1st Earl of Moray, husband of Agnes (Anne) Keith -- daughter of William Keith and Margaret Keith (Generation 16) --  and half-brother to Mary, Queen of Scots), who served Scotland as an effective Regent during the minority of his half-nephew, James VI of Scotland (who also became James I of England).
Margaret Erskine and her husband, Sir Robert Douglas of Lochleven (who was killed at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh) had six children (in addition, she is said to have borne James V another six): one son, Robert Douglas, was sent to England and Cambridge University in 1560 as a hostage for the Treaty of Berwick. Another son, Sir William Douglas (Generation 15), together with his wife, Agnes Leslie, supported her as châtelaine of Lochleven Castle at the time when Mary, Queen of Scots was imprisoned there (from June, 1567 to May, 1568). A third son, George, helped Mary to escape (2-5-1568).
The following original (edited) document (DEED BY LADY MARGARET DOUGLAS OF LOCHLEVEN. DATED 16TH OCTOBER 1560) attests to the life of Margaret Erskine:
“Be it kend till all men be thir present letters me Margaret Erskyn relict of umquhile Robert Douglass of Lochlevin and Feufirmorar of the Lands of Northbank wyth the pertinents to haif maid constitut and ordanit and be thir present letters makis constitutis and ordanis honorable men and my weil belovittis Maister Alane Lamonth and David Orme and Thomas Arklay, and ilk ane of them conjunctly and severally my warray lawfall and undoutit Procurators Attorneys ….in my name and behalf to resign and freely ourgift in thair hands All and Haill the saids Lands of Northbank wyth the pertinents liand wyt-in the Regalitie of Sanct Andrews and Sheriffdome of Fyff as in the hands of the Superior therof in favors of ane honorable man George Lermonth of Balcomy….the said George Lermonth may be heritablie infeft in the foresaids lands wyt the pertinents in maner above expremit and after his deceist to the said John Lermonth his son his airis and assignais and therupon Instruments and Documents to ask lift and raiss and generally all and quhatsomiver my said Procurators conjunctly and severally in the premissis lawfullie bides to be done in my name ….and I never to come in the contrar hairof. In witness of the whilk thing to thir my present Letters of procuratory I haif subscrivit the samen wyth my hand my sele is hairto affixit at Locldeven the XVI day of October the yeir of God jm ve and threescore yeres before thir witnesses Patrick Heburn of Tullibole, Henry Douglas of Muckhart Mill, James Demsterton wyt others divers. Margaret Erskyn, Lady of Lochlevin.”
Margaret Erskine was the model for ‘Lady Sensualitie’ in Sir David Lyndsay’s work, Ane Pleasant Satyre of the Thrie Estaitis (c 1535).

F16: DRUMMOND, David                              B: between 1515 and 1517
                                                                                M: (i) 1535, Margaret Stewart (daughter of Alexander Stewart)
                                                                                      (ii) before 7-12-1543, Lilias Ruthven
                                                                                D: 1571

                                                                                David Drummond, 2nd Lord Drummond

David Drummond succeeded to the tile of 2nd Lord Drummond in 1519. He is mentioned in several writs, four of which are cited by Chuck Owens (23-10-2011, at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2011-10/1319412150):

“Up until just before … 4 Jun 1539, the barony of Cargill was jointly owned by both David Lord Drummond and
Margaret Stewart.

In the writ… below, David Drummond was supposed to give her the lands of the barony of Cargill but it never
happened for whatever reason.

NAS: GD160/4/6: ...For this bond David Lord Drummond is to pay 2,000 pounds Scots money to the king and to marry Margaret Stewart, daughter of the said Lady Gordon, and to give her in conjunct fee the lands and barony of Cargill. Given at Stirling and signed by the king. 5 Jan 1535/1536.

Here is a writ dated March 3, 1535/1536 showing that the land was given to jointly to David Lord Drummond and Margaret Stewart.

NAS: GD160/14/17: Precept of sasine granted at Falkland by King James V for infefting David Lord Drummond and Margaret Stewart his wife in the lands and barony of Cargill and for infefting David Lord Drummond himself
in the listed Drummond lands. 5/3/1535

Here, in this writ, dated March 5, 1535/1536, the land was given to David Lord Drummond.

NAS: GD160/4/8: Instrument of sasine following on a precept under the quarter seal dated 5 March 1535/6 granting to David Lord Drummond the lands and barony of Cargill...23 Mar 1535/1536.

And here is another writ dated June 6, 1538 showing joint ownership by David Lord Drummond and Margaret Stewart.

NAS: GD160/14/19: Instrument of sasine granted to David Lord Drummond and Margaret Stewart his spouse of the barony of Cargill comprising the kirkton of Balcomie, Hatton, Laistoun, Gallowhill, Whitefield, Easter and Wester Wolfhill, Woodhead, Redstone (Reidstoun), Braikie wells, Stobhall, Myreside, Newmill, Bruntmill,
fishings on the rivers Tay and Isla in the sheriffdom of Perth along with the lands of Smithston, Argath, Ledcroif, in the sheriffdom of Forfar all united in the barony of Cargill. Notary, Patrick Lawson. 6/6/1538

So the land was always jointly owned and it was never transferred to Margaret Stewart. So after she died, sometime between 1539 and 1542, David Lord Drummond married Lilias Ruthven, and the land was resettled on David Lord Drummond and Lilias Ruthven so that a male heir could inherit the land.”

M16: RUTHVEN, Lilias                                     B:
                                                                                M: before 7-12-1543, David Drummond, 2nd Lord Drummond
                                                                                D: 7-7-1579

                                                                                Lilias Ruthven

In the library of the Literary and Antiquarian Society of Perth there is a manuscript book, in small Saxon letters, written before or when the art of printing scarcely was practised in Scotland….Besides a great number of medical receipts in a treatise called The Treasour of pure men, it contains a treatise under the following title: ‘This is the mirror or glass of Hell’ necessary and needful for every person to look on, that will keep their body from the sickness of the pest; and it shows when the planets rise, every hour of the day and night; and shows remedies for divers infirmities and diseases that hurt the body of man. The author styles himself ‘Thomas Moulton, Doctor of Divinity, of the Friars' Preachers’ (Dominicans). The book anciently belonged to persons of a respectable station who bore a religious character. On the title-page is written ‘This book did some time belong to Lady Dame Lilias Ruthven, Lady Drummond’….Dame Lilias Ruthven was a daughter of William, second Lord Ruthven, sister to Patrick, third Lord, and aunt to the first Earl of Gowrie. She was married about the year 1546 to David, second Lord Drummond, ancestor to the Earls of Perth. Calderwood says ‘she had a great pearl in her eye and a pearl of godliness in her heart and was a zealous promoter of the true religion’. This pious lady probably valued the book because it assisted her in prescribing some safe methods of cure to sick and poor people……Lilias….died at Stobhall, 7th July 1579, and was interred beside her husband in the kirk of Innerpeffrey. Her testament was recorded 2nd March 1580” (Samuel Cowan, 1912, The Ruthven family papers; the Ruthven version of the conspiracy and assassination at Gowrie house, Perth, 5th August, 1600, critically rev. and edited by Samuel Cowan, at http://www.archive.org/stream/ruthvenfamilypap00cowauoft/ruthvenfamilypap00cowauoft_djvu.txt.

 Lilias’s brother, Patrick Ruthven (3rd Earl of Ruthven), is recorded in this generation as husband of Janet Douglas and Janet Stewart.

DUNBAR, Eupheme (Euphemia)

F16: DUNBAR, Sir John                                   B: 1523
                                                                                M:            Elizabeth Mure
                                                                                D: before 3-3-1578/9

                                                                                Sir John Dunbar of Mochrum

The following information on the life of Sir John Dunbar of Mochrum is extracted from the research of Linley and Jim Hooper (http://www.linleyfh.com/oursecondsite-p/p289.htm#i13467):

1. Under the Great Seal, he obtained (1545) from Queen Mary a Commission appointing him Justiciar within the barony of Mochrum.

2. He obtained, for himself and his heirs, a Commission and Charter as Coroner of the Shire (1547).

3. He sat as one of the jurors who tried the conspirators for the murder of Lord Darnley.

4. He acquired (1559) from the Prior of St Mary’s Isle, the lands of Pankill (parish of Sorbie).

5. He and his wife (Elizabeth Mure) had a charter of the lands of Auchingallie and Challmearich (17-7-1549).

6. “Contract, at Kirkmadryne, between John Dunbar of Mochrum and George Makghie son and heir apparent of Blais Makghee of Eggernes. George is to be served heir to his father, as soon as Blais dies, in the 5 merk 22d worth of the 10 merkland of Eggerness and Carsquhill with its myln etc. and the superiority of a 4 merk 11/6 land of the said lands. George is then to sell the said property and superiority to John Dunbar of Mochrum and Elizabeth Mure his spouse and their heirs, to be held of the Crown in ward; for which Dunbar is to pay George 1000 merks who grants discharge to Dunbar for £80 scots and for £100, given to George before the making of this contract, in part payment of the 1000 merks; dated 3 Sep 1559”.

7. In 1562 there was a charter of the lands of Eggerness and Pankill etc. to John Dunbar of Mochrum and Elizabeth Mure his spouse: “Charter by George Makghie of Egyrnes to John Dunbar of Mochrum and Elizabeth Mure spouses, for the sum of £200, of the mill of Egyrnes and its miln croft on the west of the said mill next the mill dam now occupied by Maurice Maknalbany and another croft occupied by Thomas Kennedy and the croft occupied by John McNalbany on the south and east of the said mill together with the mill dams, aqueducts etc. through the said 10 merklands of Egyrnes and Carswell and the multures amounting to a 1/15 grain”.

8. His will was proved (3-3-1578/79) at Edinburgh.

M16: MURE, Elizabeth                                   B:
                                                                                M:             Sir John Dunbar of Mochrum
                                                                                D: c 1591

                                                                                Elizabeth Mure

One of several children of Mungo Mure recorded in legal documents of the time, Elizabeth Mure is mentioned in a 1550 deed (identified
as ‘Genealogics I00396861[2]’, cited by John P. Ravilious on 
http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Soc/soc.genealogy.medieval/2005-10/msg00107.html; original “among the Writs of Rowalla
Mure pp. 80-81[1]”):
“Elizabeth mure spouse of Johne dunbar of mochrum, assented to a deed by her grandmother Dame Margaret Boyd in favour of her 
brother John Mure of Rowallan, dated October, 1550.”
Elizabeth’s siblings are all mentioned by name in a further deed, also dated 1550 (op. cit.; Original “among the Writs of Rowallan 
[Mure pp. 80-81[1]”, Genealogics no. I00395953[2]), issued by their grandmother, Margaret Boyd, wife of John Mure (Generation 18): 
“…..Archibald mure, maister patrik mure, hew mure, Johnne mure, [illegitimate ?] robert mure, Issobell mure spous of hew wallace of carnell, Agnes mure spouse of Johnne dunbar of blantyir, Elizabeth mure spouse of Johne dunbar of mochrum, Margaret mure spouse of patrik flemyng zoung lard of barrowchan, Jonet mure spous of maister Johne fullartoun of Dregarne, & marion mure, sonis & dochteris of ye said vmq[le] mungo”.


F16: FAIRCHYLD, Unknown                          B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Fairchyld

FLEMING, Eleanor

F16: FLEMING, William                                   B: c 1538
                                                                                M:              Agnes Bindloss
                                                                                D: c 1598
                                                                                Comments: ‘of Rydal’.

M16: BINDLOSS, Agnes                                 B: c 1552
                                                                                M:              William Fleming of Rydal
                                                                                D: 16-8-1631

FLETCHER, Sir Richard

F16: FLETCHER, Thomas                                 B: before 1574, Cockermouth, Cumberland
                                                                                M:              Jane Boleen (Bullen, Bolton, Boleyn)
                                                                                D: c 1610 (will dated 1601. One source records date of death as 1603)

                                                                                Thomas Fletcher

“From…Thomas Fletcher, son of Henry Fletcher and Anne, his wife, who entertained Queen Mary of Scots, sprang the Fletchers of Hutton Hall, and representatives of theirs through females; the Vanes of the same place, the Fletchers of Clea Hall… and the Fletchers of Wreay Hall, who also date from the above named Thomas Fletcher and his wife, Jane Bullen” (Storeys of Old, 2007, at http://storeysofold.com/book/page303.html).

Thomas Fletcher was offered a knighthood by James I, but this was never effected.

                                                                                M:              Thomas Fletcher
                                                                                Comments: some sources give the name as ‘Bolton’.


F16: FOULIS, Henry                                         B:
                                                                                M:             Margaret Haldane

                                                                                Henry Foulis ‘of Colinton’

Henry Foulis ‘of Colinton’, who held the position of deputy-Marshall, was “a faithful subject to Queen Mary, and obtained a letter from her to be one of the srnators of the College of Justice, upon the first vacancy; but the troubles of that reign prevented this from taking place” (Betham, William (1801), The baronetage of England, or, The history of the English baronets, and such baronets of Scotland, as are of English families, at http://books.google.com.au/books?id=LlQOAAAAQAAJ&dq=%22henry+foulis%22+haldane&source=gbs_navlinks_s).

 M16: HALDANE, Margaret                            B:
                                                                                M:             Henry Foulis
Margaret Haldane

“Margaret Haldane’s will is dated 17th December, 1578. In it she names her brother, Robert Haldane of Balwill (part of the Barony of 
Gleneagles), and her nephew, Mr. James Haldane. There is the following curious item in the inventory:‘Award to Helen Brown, 
wodwyf [pawnwife] ye [sum] of ane hundre’ seix punds for ye qlk she has rested umqi ladyis ornaments of her body and silver work 
stone in ye Inventory above written in pledge yairfor’.”(John H Gibson (1908), Lands and lairds of Larbert and Dunipace parishes, at 
Margaret Haldane is the daughter of Sir James Haldane, Laird of Gleneagles. 
FRANKE, Margaret (Margery)

F16: FRANK(E), Robert                                   B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown
                                                                                Comments: ‘of London’.

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:              Robert Frank(e) of London

GERARD, Catherine (Katherine)

F16: GERARD, Sir Gilbert                               B: c 1523, Tittensor Hall, Sudbury, Lancashire
                                                                                M:  c 1559, Anne Radclyffe (Ratcliffe)
                                                                                D: 4-02-1592/3

                                                                                Sir Gilbert Gerard

Sir Gilbert Gerard, knighted in 1579, had a “national profile”, holding several positions of distinction: Attorney General to Queen Elizabeth I (1559), Master of the Rolls (May 30, 1581), and Chief Commissioner of the Great Seal (1591).

Born in Tittensor Hall, Lancashire, where his family had held land for centuries, Sir Gilbert built Gerards Bromley Hall in (approximately) 1575. Dr. Robert Plott, in Natural History of Staffordshire (published in Oxford, 1686), described Gerards Bromley Hall as “the most magnificent structure of all this county”. Although the present building is not that described by Dr. Plott, the porch added to it in 1584 still exists, having been removed to Batchacre Hall, where it remains.

Sir Gilbert was sent to London to study law, entered Gray’s Inn, and was called in 1539. Later he rose to be treasurer of the Inn along with Nicholas Bacon in 1556. The ancient and loyal borough of Wigan returned him as member to the parliaments of 1553 and 1555.

“It is said that during the dark eclipse of the fortunes of the young princess Elizabeth, Gerard had done her some great service and when she had come by the Crown, she quickly repaid him and on January 22, 1559, and he was made attorney-general. Thenceforth he served her cause with undivided loyalty in all the great state trials to which her tortuous policy gave rise. He was knighted by her at Greenwich Palace July 5, 1579, and in 1581 attained his highest judicial appointment as Master of the Rolls. Lancaster borough returned him as member in 1584, and he died in 1593”. (http://www.mortfamily.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=53&Itemid=44).

Sir Gilbert had, since 1561, been lord of Astley Manor, which he had acquired through his marriage with Anne Radcliff, and was “in enjoyment of its profits and revenues for thirty-two years”. His name was known to every contemporary Astley man and woman. He also acquired Ashton Hall (in Lancashire), of which Paul E. Lawrence (The Lawrence family of Ashton Hall) states, “By some agreement, the manor descended through Boteler (Butler) of Rawcliffe to Radcliff of Winmarleigh, and so by marriage to Gilbert Gerard who purchased the other moiety from the Crown. Thus the whole became united in him and his descendants, the Gerards of Bromley and the Dukes of Hamilton”.

In addition, Sir Gilbert acquired Pitshanger Manor (in Ealing), of which the University of London & History of Parliament Trust writes that it “descended to …. George Hall and was held in 1553 by Edward Bayshe, who conveyed it in 1563 to Gilbert Gerard, later Sir Gilbert Gerard, Master of the Rolls, and Gilbert Sherrington, apparently to Gerard’s use”(‘Ealing and Brentford: Manors’, A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 7: Acton, Chiswick, Ealing and Brentford, West Twyford, Willesden (1982), pp. 123-28. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=22577). He was, as well, owner of land in Hilderstone.

Chapter 26 of This Star of England: William Shakes-speare, Man of the Renaissance by Dorothy and Charlton Ogburn (Coward-McCann, Inc., New York 1952) in an analysis of the play Measure for Measure, refers to Sir Gilbert thus: “Sir Gilbert Gerard, appointed Master of the Rolls on May 30, 1581, had been taking his power very seriously. He had been Attorney General at the time of the Duke of Norfolk’s execution and may well have had a set-to with Lord Oxford at that time, who had exerted himself strenuously in his cousin’s behalf. He may have been glad of a chance to get back at the Earl. In any case, when, after the conspiracy was discovered at the close of 1580, steps were taken to circumvent the Catholics, this man was in authority. Edicts were announced to penalize those not attending church regularly, and so on; certain of the old blue laws were revived, statutes which had been on the books for many years but not enforced by Elizabeth during her reign; and Gerard took it upon himself to put them into effect.”

After his death, in Gray’s Inn (London), Sir Gilbert was buried in Astley (he and his immediate family may be seen today depicted on his tomb). His younger son, Radcliff, was drowned, while the elder, Thomas pursued like his father a political career and in 1603 was elevated to the peerage as Lord Gerard of Gerards Bromley.

M16: RADCLYFFE (RATCLIFFE), Anne       B: 1538
                                                                                M: c 1559, Sir Gilbert Gerard of Gerards Bromley

                                                                                Anne Radclyffe (Ratcliffe) (Lady Gerard).

Anne Radclyffe (Ratcliffe) was the sole heiress of Thomas Radclyffe of Winmarleigh (younger brother of Cecily Radclyffe, recorded in Generation 16), and was the mother of three boys and four girls. She should not be confused with Anne Ratcliffe -- daughter of Sir Edward Ratcliffe and wife of Rowland Place – who occurs in Generation 17.

From John Dee, 1527-1608, by Charlotte Fell-Smith, Constable and Co, Ltd, London (1909): “A surprise visit was paid to the Warden on June 26 (1596) by his landlord, the Earl of Derby, and a large party of ladies and gentlement, including Lady Gerard, wife of the Master of the Rolls; her daughter Frances, and her husband, Sir Richard Molyneux, of Sefton, a former member for the county of Lancaster. Their son-in-law, Mr. Richard Hoghton, of Hoghton Towers, and others, also accompanied the Earl.

The Warden says: ‘They came suddenly upon me after three of the clock. I made them a skoler’s collation, and it was taken in good part. I browght his honor and the ladyes to Ardwick Green toward Lyme, to Mr. Legh his howse, 12 myles off’. Mrs. Legh was Lady Gerard’s second daughter, so it was altogether a family party that descended so unexpectedly on the Warden, and no doubt ate merrily of his ‘scholar’s collation’. The only absence from Manchester recorded by the Warden (except the two years in London) was on August 13 this year, when he says that he ‘rid toward York and Halifax, returning from York on the twentieth’.”

An entry in ‘Townships: Ashton’, A History of the County of Lancashire: Volume 4 (1911), pp. 142-48. (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=41396) states that “Dame Anne Gerard, widow of Sir Gilbert Gerard, was in 1590 living at Highley Carr, indicted of recusancy”.

F16: GRAHAM, Robert                                   B:
                                                                                M:            Margaret Fleming
                                                                                D: 10-9-1547 (killed at Battle of Pinkie Cleugh)
                                                                                Robert Graham

Termed ‘Master of Montrose’, as, having pre-deceased his father (William Graham, 2nd Earl of Montrose), he did not inherit the earldom (which, instead, passed to his son, John), Robert Graham was killed (several months before the birth of his son) at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, the same battle that claimed the life of his father-in-law, Malcolm Fleming (Generation 17).

M16: FLEMING, Margaret                            B: c 1530, Biggar (Lanarkshire)
                                                                                M: (i) c 1546, Robert Graham
                                                                                      (ii)  Jan, 1548/9, Thomas Erskine, Master of Erskine
                                                                                      (iii)            John Stewart, 4th Earl of Atholl
                                                                                D: 15-3-1585/6.

                                                                                Margaret Fleming

Margaret Fleming lost her husband and father on the same day, at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh; her son, John, was born several months afterwards.

Margaret married three times; her third marriage (by contract, 1-4-1557) was to John Stewart, 4th Earl of Atholl, “when his father discharged her father, Malcolm, Lord Fleming, for the final payment of Tocher due in terms of the marriage contract between Robert Graham and Margaret Fleming” (http://doughertyfarms.com/tng_genealogy/tngfiles813/getperson.php?personID=I329&tree=tree1).

According to Alison Weir (2004), Mary, Queen of Scots, and the Murder of Lord Darnley (cited at http://www.enotes.com/topic/Lady_Janet_Stewart#cite_note-2), “Margaret Fleming was said to be a witch and to possess the power to cast spells”.

HAMILTON, Sir Thomas

F16: HAMILTON, Thomas                              B:
                                                                                M:             Elizabeth Leslie
                                                                                D: 10-9-1547, Battle of Pinkie Cleugh
                                                                                Thomas Hamilton

Thomas Hamilton possessed the lands of Orchartfield, Bathgate, and Ballencrieff in 1537. He exchanged (with James Hamilton of Innerwick) the lands of Ballencrieff for the lands of Balbyne and Drumcarne (in the county of Perth), of which he had a charter (2-8-1538).

Thomas Hamilton was slain (10-9-1547) at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh.

Thomas Hamilton is mentioned several times as a party of interest in a summons brought against the heirs of Elizabeth Leslie’s father, Robert Leslie, who was charged with having “committed the crime of lese-majesty during his lifetime for his treasonable counsel, giving help and supply to Archibald Douglas of Kilspindie, then traitor and rebel to our said late sovereign lord, at the same time when the said late Robert, with the late James Hamilton of Finnart, knight, convened with the said Archibald Douglas and James Douglas of Parkhead…..and also for their treasonable conspiring of our said sovereign lord’s death at the time and place foresaid with the said Archibald and James, contracting and finally ending in the manner of the horrible death of his grace, which is horrible to tell” (Records of the Parliament of Scotland, 1543, 12 March, Edinburgh Parliament, Parliamentary Register (Fourth day of parliament, namely 15 March 1542 1543), entry 1543/3/46.

(A longer transcript of the jusicial proceeding is recorded in the entry for Elizabeth Leslie’s father, Robert Leslie, in Generation 17).

M16: LESLIE, Elizabeth                                    B:
                                                                                M: (i)             Thomas Hamilton
                                                                                      (ii) after 1547, William Hutson

HAY, Elizabeth

F16: HAY, George                                             B: c 1508, Errol, Perthshire
                                                                                M: (i) 12-11-1528 (dispensation granted), Margaret Robertson
                                                                                      (ii)  12-6-1561, Helen Bruce
                                                                                D: 30-1-1573/4, at Perth.
                                                                                George Hay, 7th Earl of Errol

George Hay, who succeeded to the title of 7th Earl of Erroll on 11-4-1541, held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Central Scotland in 1559. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor.

George refused to officiate as Lord High Constable at King James IV's coronation (1567), in support for Mary, Queen of Scots.

George Hay and his first wife, Margaret Robertson (daughter of Alexander Robertson of Struan) required a papal dispensation (granted 12-11-1528) to marry, as they were related in the 3rd and 4th degrees of consanguinity.  The contract for George’s second marriage, to Helen Bruce, was signed 12-6-1561.

M16: ROBERTSON, Margaret                      B: c 1505
                                                                                M: (i)             Thomas Innes of Elrick
       (ii) 12-11-1528, George Hay, 7th Earl of Errol
                                                                                D: before 12-6-1561
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Alexander Robertson of Struan.


F16: HERIOT, Robert                                       B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown
                                                                                Comments: ‘of Lumphoy’ (or Lumphey). Rentaller under the Archbishop
of Glasgow of the lands of Ramshorn, Meadow- flat, and Cardarroch.

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Robert Heriot of Lumphoy (Lumphey)
                                                                                Comments: one source (John C Gibson: The Lands and Lairds of Duniface,
                                                                                1903) identifies her as Helen Swinton, daughter of John Swinton of
                                                                                Swinton; however, all other sources refute this, recording that Helen
                                                                                Swinton was, instead, the 2nd wife of James Heriot (recorded in this
                                                                                generation), and probable mother of Elizabeth Heriot.

HERIOT, Elizabeth

F16: HERIOT, James                                         B:
                                                                                M: (i)             Janet Cockburn
                                                                                      (ii)            Helen Swinton
                                                                                D: 4-10-1580

                                                                                James Heriot

James Heriot became Laird of Trabroun in 1531. Was the ‘rentaller’, under the Archbishop of Glasgow, of the lands of Ramshorn, Meadowflat, and Cardarroch.

M16: SWINTON, Helen                                  B:
                                                                                M: (i)             James Heriot, Laird of Trabroun
                                                                                       (ii) c 1558/9, Edward Henryson (Henderson), Professor of Civil Law at
                                                                                             Bruges, Justice of the Edinburgh Commissionary Court.
                                                                                D: 29-5-1584
                                                                                Comments: sometimes recorded as wife of Robert Heriot (see this
                                                                                generation), but modern researchers dispute this.


F16: HICKES, Unknown                                  B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Hickes

HOGHTON, Sir Richard

F16: HOGHTON, Thomas                               B: 1540, Leyland, Lancashire.
                                                                                M:             Anne Keighley (Kighley)
                                                                                D: 21-11-1589

Thomas Hoghton

Thomas Hoghton – High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1564 --  was the son of  Sir Richard Hoghton’s second wife (Alice Morley), and was not, therefore, the natural heir; the eldest son (whose mother was Richard’s first wife, Alice Assheton) was also named ‘Thomas’ (born 1518, husband of Catherine Gerard of Bryne), who, having finally completed Hoghton Tower, in which he lived for only four years, died in exile (in Liege, in 1580) with only a daughter (Jane, wife of Roger Braidshaigh) as heir (he is thought to have had a son – confusingly, also ‘Thomas’ -- who was unable to inherit because he was a priest and an outlaw, dying in Salford Jail around 1584, by which time John Talbot, Thomas Barton, and Bartholomew Hesketh had sworn a testament (30-7-1580) that no male heir existed).

Following “a great contest about the estate”, Jane’s uncle – the second son, Alexander – inherited; he married twice (to Dorothy Assheton and Elizabeth Warburton nee Hesketh), but neither marriage left any issue, and the estate finally descended to his half-brother, Thomas (son of Alice Morley), who sought an exemplification (February, 1584) that he was, in fact, the lawful heir.

Thomas Hoghton died as the result of a family feud, killed (1589) by Thomas Langton, Baron of Newton. His widow remarried a year after his death (to Richard Sherburne), and continued to live in England.

M16: KEIGHLEY (KIGHLEY), Anne               B: 1549, Inskip, St Michael-on-Wyre, Lancashire.
                                                                                M: (i)              Thomas Hoghton
                                                                                       (ii) 1590, Richard Sherburne
                                                                                D: 30-10-1609, Lea Hall, Preston Parish, Lancashire.

HOME, Alexander

F16: HOME, George                                        B: c 1509
                                                                                M: before 30-10-1531, Mariot Halyburton
                                                                                D: c 15-4-1549

                                                                                George Home, 4th Lord Home

George Home was the younger brother of Alexander and Willliam, both of whom had been arrested by the Regent Albany for treason and, after a mock trial, executed (October 8 and 9, 1516, with a third brother, David, assassinated soon afterwards). Alexander (recorded in this research in Generation 18, as husband of Katherine Stirling) had been the 3rd Lord Home, but the remaining son, George, was unable to succeed to the title of 4th Lord at this time, as the Home estates had been declared forfeit. He eventually succeeded to the title of 4th Lord Home on 12-8-1522, the year that the Home forfeiture was lifted. He subsequently held the office of Warden of the East Marches (1543, and again in 1546), and was invested as a Privy Counsellor (1545).

George Home was “an unstable and aggressive character”, switching allegiance between John Stewart (2nd Duke of Albany) and Archibald Douglas (6th Earl of Angus), who had married the Queen Dowager (he eventually helped drive Archibald Douglas from power; his position as Warden of the East March was instrumental in defending Scotland successfully from invasions by English armies in support of the Earl of Angus.

In 1547, Home Castle was besieged and taken by the Duke of Somerset after the Battle of Pinkie, but retaken the following year.

M16: HALYBURTON, Mariot                         B: c 1510
                                                                                M: before 30-10-1531, George Home, 4th Lord Home.
                                                                                D: between 19-5-1562 and 27-2-1564


F16: HUDDLESTON, Sir John                         B: c 1420, Millom Castle, Millom, Cumberland
                                                           M: (i) c 1440, Mary Fenwick
                                                                                      (ii) c 1474, Joan Stapilton (2nd husband)
                                                                                D: 6-11-1494

                                                                        Sir John Huddleston

The ancient family of Sir John Huddleston can be traced back to five generations before the Norman conquest. The son of Sir Richard Huddleston -- a banneret at the Battle of Agincourt (1415) -- Sir John was appointed to treat with the Scottish Commissioners on border matters (1464); was Knight of the Shire (1467); was appointed one of the conservators of peace on the borders (1480, and again in 1484); was appointed knight-banneret in Scotland by the Duke of Gloucester (24-7-1482); was made bailiff and keeper of the King’s woods and chases in Barnoldswick, in the County of York; was appointed sheriff for life of the County of Cumberland; and became steward of Penrith, and warden of the west marshes.

While the records of his family are ambiguous, Sir John appears to have been married twice; the first marriage, to Mary Fenwick, produced three sons: Richard (husband of Margaret Nevill), who predeceased him; John, who inherited the Lordship when Richard’s son, also named Richard (who married Elizabeth Dacre) died without issue; and William, who married Lady Isabella Neville.  Anne, however, is recorded as being the daughter of Sir John and Joan Stapleton (Stapilton), a co-heir of Sir Miles Stapleton of Ingham in Yorkshire, and widow of Sir Christopher Harcourt (who died in 1474).

The Church of the Holy trinity, Millom, contains a chapel of pre-Norman foundation (the building commenced during the time of the Boyvills) which contains the altar tomb of Sir John and his wife Mary Fenwick and their shields/coats of arms. Other shields denote the marriages of their children: Nevill, Stapleton, Curwen, Pennington, Leigh. In the same chapel there is an alabaster tomb of Sir Richard Huddleston, Sir John’s grandson (died 1509) and his wife, Elizabeth Dacre (daughter of Humphrey Dacre and Mabel Parr, both represented in Generation 18).

M16: STAPLETON (STAPILTON), Joan      B: 1445/6, Bedale, Yorkshire
                                                                                M: (i)               Sir Christopher Harcourt of Ellenhall (died1474).        
                                                                                      (ii) c 1474, Sir John Huddleston of Millum, Cumberland.
D: c 1519
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Miles Stapleton
 Joan Stapleton (Stapilton)

Joan Stapleton (Stapilton) and her sister, Elizabeth, were declared heirs to her mother on 4-11-1494, at a hearing of the Escheator’s Court at Thetford, at which time the jury found that their mother, Katherine de la Pole (Generation 17) “seised of the manors of Ingham, Waxham, Lammas, and Westhall, all in Norfolk, held by her in freehold (ut de libo tenemento) under the late Sir Brian’s entail, and her two daughters are declared to be her heirs, Elizabeth now 50 years old, and Joan, two years younger than her sister”(H.E. Chetwynd-Stapylton (1884), Chronicles of the Yorkshire Family of Stapleton)

KEITH, William

F16: KEITH, William                                          B:
                                                                                M:             Margaret Keith
                                                                                D: 7-10-1581
William Keith, 3rd Earl Marischal

Known as ‘William of the Tower’, William Keith succeeded to the title of 3rd Lord Marischal (some researchers, including Wikipedia, record this as 4th earl) c 1527. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor, and held the office of Extraordinary Lord of Session  on three occasions (1541, 1561, 1573).

William fought in the Battle of Pinkie (10-9-1547). He supported the proposed marriage between the infant Mary, Queen of Scots, and Prince Edward of England, son of King Henry VIII. He was chosen by Queen Mary as one of 12 peers to manage the kingdom in her absence.

William married Margaret Keith, a very distant relative: her great-great-great-great grandfather, John Keith of Inverugie (Generation 22) was the brother of William’s great-great-great-great grandfather, Sir William Keith (Generation 22). Their son, William Keith (Generation 15) never became 4th Earl, as he was killed in a riot in Geneva a year before his father’s death; instead he was known as ‘Master of Marischal’. Their daughter, Agnes (Anne) Keith, married James Stewart, illegitimate son of James V of Scotland and his mistress, Margaret Erskine (Generation 16, recorded as wife of Sir Robert Douglas)

M16: KEITH, Margaret                                    B:
                                                                                M:             William Keith, 3rd Earl Marischal
                                                                                Comments: her husband was a very-distant relative: her great-great-
                                                                                great-great grandfather, John Keith of Inverugie (Generation 22) was the
                                                                                brother of his great-great-great-great grandfather, Sir William Keith
                                                                                                                                                                         (Generation 22).

KENNEDY, Gilbert

F16: KENNEDY, Gilbert                                   B: 1515
                                                                                M: 1540, Margaret Kennedy
                                                                                D: 29-11-1558 (poisoned).

                                                                                Gilbert Kennedy, 3rd Earl of Cassilis

Gilbert Kennedy, 3rd Earl of Cassillis succeeded to the titles of 5th Lord Kennedy and 3rd Earl of Cassillis in August, 1527. He was educated at St Andrews University, in St Andrews (Fife), and, afterwards, in Paris, where he studied under the celebrated George Buchanan.

Gilbert Kennedy had a charter of the Fief of Cassillis (6-2-1540/1).  

Gilbert was taken prisoner by Thomas Dacre and Sir William Musgrave in the Battle of Solway Moss (24-11-1542). Having been committed to the custody of  the martyr, Thomas Cranmer (Archbishop of Canterbury), who instructed him in the reformed religion,  he became a Protestant, and went over to the English Party. He was released in February 1545, and subsequently held the offices of High Treasurer of Scotland in 1554, and of Extraordinary Lord of Session (Scotland) between 1546 and 1558. 

Gilbert Kennedy fought in the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh (10-9-1547). He was present, as one of the eight Commissioners appointed by the Scottish Parliament, at the marriage (1558) of fifteen-year-old Mary, Queen of Scots, to the fourteen-year-old Dauphin of France, Francis II (son of Henry II and Catherine de Medici).

The Scottish deputies unanimously refused the matrimonial crown to Mary’s French husband, deeply offending the Court of France; subsequently, Gilbert and two other Commissioners died, in one night (28-11-1558), at Dieppe. A report was raised that they had been poisoned, a rumour further countenanced by the death of a fourth Commissioner (Lord Fleming), at Paris less than three weeks later (16-12-1558). Francis ascended to the throne of France the following year, so for a short time, Mary was Queen of France, being widowed on 5-12-1560.

Gilbert Kennedy is described in these words in Historie of the Kennedyis: “…ane particular manne, and ane werry greidy manne, and cairritt nocht how he gatt land so that he culd cum be the samin”.
M16: KENNEDY, Margaret                            B:
                                                                                M: (i)            William Wallaceof Craigie (died 1538)
      (ii) 1540, Gilbert Kennedy, 3rd Earl of Cassilis
                                                                                Comments: Mentioned in a charter dated 31-1-1551/2, which also
                                                                                records that her father, Alexander Kennedy, was, by that time, deceased.
                                                                                Not to be confused with Margaret Kennedy, recorded in this generation
                                                                                as wife of Uchtred Macdowall.
KER, Margaret

F16: KER, Sir Walter                     B:
                                                                                M: before 27-9-1543, Isabel Ker
                                                                                D: 1-5-1581
                                                                                Comments: ‘of Cessford’. He and his wife were distant cousins: his great-
                                                                                great-grandfather, Andrew Ker, was the great-grandfather of Isabel Ker
(Andrew Ker is, therefore, recorded twice, in Generations 19 and 20)

M16: KER, Isabel                                               B:
                                                                                M: before 27-9-1543, Sir Walter Ker of Cessford
                                                                                D: 1-5-1585
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Sir Andrew Kerr of Firniehurst. Her great-
                                                                                grandfather (also Andrew Ker, Generation 19) is the great-great-
                                                                                                                                                                grandfather of her husband.

LAWSON, Gilfrid (Gylford)

F16: LAWSON, Thomas                                  B:
                                                                                M:            Elizabeth Darrell (Dorrell)
                                                                                Comments: ‘Of Little Osworth (Usworth)’, Durham

M16: DARRELL (DORRELL), Elizabeth        B:              County Wiltshire
                                                                                M:             Thomas Lawson of Little Osworth
LAYBURNE (de), Margaret

F16: de LEYBURNE, John                                B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:               John de Layburne                              

F16: LEGARD, Raff (Ralph)                            B:
                                                                                M: c 1520, Isabel(l) Hildyard
                                                                                D: 30-6-1540, Anlaby, Yorkshire
                                                                                Comments: ‘of Anlaby’ (Anlaghby).

M16: HILDYARD, Isabel(l)                              B: c 1498
                                                                                M: c 1520, Raff (Ralph) Legard of Anlaby (Anlaghby)
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Sir Piers (Pierce) Hildyard of Wynstead (Winestead)
 LESLIE, Agnes

F16: LESLIE, George                                         B: c 1495
                                                                                M: (i) 1517, Margaret Crichton (divored 27-12-1520, but re-married)
                                                                                       (ii) before June, 1525, Elizabeth Gray
                                                                                       (iii)           Margaret Crichton (re-marriage)
                                                                                        (iv) before 10-4-1543, Isobel Lundy
                                                                                D: 28-11-1558

                                                                            George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes.
The much-married (four marriages, but three wives) George Leslie (4th Earl of Rothes) is described by Wikipadia as “a Scottish nobleman and diplomat”. He occupied four important positions during his career: Sheriff of Fife (1529 – 1540; Lord of Session (from 1541); Lord of the Articles (from 1544); and Ambassador to Denmark (1550).
George was tried for the murder of Cardinal Beaton, but acquitted. He died (18-11-1558) at Dieppe (France).
M16: CRICHTON, Margaret                          B: before 1500 (illegitimate)
                                                                                M: (i)            William Todrick
      (ii)            George Halkestoun
      (iii) 1517, George Leslie, 4th earl of Rothes (divorced 27-12-1520, later
                                                                                D: before 1546

                                                                                 Margaret Crichton
Daughter of a princess, and granddaughter of King James II Stewart of Scotland, Margaret Crichton is remarkable mainly for what John Riddell (1833), Remarks Upon Scottish Peerage Law, callsthe very low alliances which she was originally doomed to make. She first appears in 1505 (sic), in the humble capacity of the wife of William Todrick, burgess of Edinburgh, to whom she is then proved to have been contracted in marriage…… Still moving in such society, she then aspires to another burges in the same city, called George Halkerston, and it was not until after his death, as Halkerston’s widow, that George Earl of Rothes deigned to notice her with his attention.
It could not have been from political motives that the grand-daughter of a king was so ‘meanly married’, as, even supposing her legitimate, there were several previous heirs to the crown; so nothing can well explain the low condition in life of the offspring, excepting her own illegitimacy, and the abject, and degraded situation of the mother” (Princess Margaret Stewart, whose affair with Margaret’s father had scandalised the society of the time, which viewed it as a deliberate ploy to spite the authority of her brother, King James III).

F16: LIDDELL, Unknown                                 B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown Liddell

LINDSAY, Sir David

F16: LINDSAY, David                                        B: c 1500
                                                                                M: (i) before 12-6-1535, Janet Gray (as her third husband; she was the
                                                                                widow of (i) Alexander Blair, and (ii) Thomas Fraser)
                                                                                      (ii) 1549, Katherine Campbell, widow of James Ogilvy
                                                                                D: 1558

                                                                                David Lindsay

A distant cousin of the 8th earl of Crawford (also David Lindsay), there seemed no reason why David Lindsay, son of Walter Lindsay, should inherit the title of 9th earl; however the 8th Earl disinherited his own son (Alexander, who had attempted to murder him) and specifically excluded all of Alexander’s descendants from succeeding to the title, choosing, instead, to invest it upon a distant cousin, who would then, in the normal course of events, have passed it on to his own son.

David Lindsay, now 9th Earl through a stroke of good fortune, then did the unexpected: he bypassed his own son as his successor, and returned the earldom to the original line, naming Alexander’s son, also David Lindsay, to succeed him (his own son, David, became, instead, Lord Edzell, and, eventually, re-united the two lines of the family by marrying the daughter of the man given the earldom in his place).

David Lindsay, 9th Earl of Crawford, is referred to as the ‘interpolated earl’, because he was the sole holder of the title of earl in this family line.

M16: CAMPBELL, Katherine                         B: c 1520
                                                                                M: (i)             James Ogilvy, Master of Ogilvy
      (ii) 1549, David Lindsay
                                                                                D: 1-10-1578

                                                                                Katherine Campbell

Katherine Campbell is mentioned on Page 88 of A History of Clan Campbell, Vol 2: from Flodden to the Restoration (Campbell, Alastair: Edinburgh University Press Ltd, 2002) in reference to an incident in which her son, David Lindsay of Edzdell (Generation 15) killed John Campbell (of Lundy) and wounded John Lyon (of Cossins): “The incident was symptomatic of the growing antagonism that was felt towards the ever-increasing Campbell grasp on the area. For years it had been held in check to an extent by Katherine Campbell, daughter of John nad Muriel Campbell of Cawdor, who had been left a widow when her first husband, the Master of Ogilvy, had been killed at the Battle of Pinkie. She subsequently remarried and became the Countess of Crawford. She was the niece of Mr Donald Campbell, the Abbot of Coupar Angus, and, therefore, in a unique position to influence the situation. It was, no doubt, she, in 1557, who persuaded him to sell the lands of Forter to her son, James, 5th Lord Ogilvy. James subsequently built the castle of Forter there, pushing out the Campbell allies, the MacKerrows, and breaking up a major line of communication between the Angus Campbells and their homelands”.


F16: LINDSAY, David (10th Earl of Crawford)
                                                                                B: c 1527
                                                                                M: (i) c 10-4-1546, Margaret Bethune (Beaton, Betoun)
                                                                                      (ii)            Jean Ker
                                                                                D: February, 1572/3 (one source says 1574)

                                                                                David Lindsay

David Lindsay, as grandson of the 8th Earl of Crawford (also David Lindsay), may well have been expected to succeed to the title of Earl of Crawford in the normal way, following his own father (Alexander Lindsay); however, his succession took a circuitous route. His grandfather, David Lindsay, refused to allow his son, Alexander (who had tried to murder him), to succeed him, choosing instead to invest the title on a cousin (also David Lindsay; he was the grandson of Walter Lindsay, the brother of the 8th earl’s grandfather) and specifically denying Alexander’s issue the right of succession. The new 9th Earl, however – David, the father of Sir David Lindsay, who married Helen Lindsay, daughter of the 10th earl – surprisingly gave it back, bypassing his own son (who, instead, became Lord Edzell) and choosing instead Alexander’s previously-excluded son, David; thus, the earldom was returned to the original family line.

Now 10th earl by the grace of his distant cousin (he succeeded to the title on 20-9-1558), David Lindsay acted swiftly to prevent further disruptions to the line of succession: on 8-7-1559, he obtained a new grant of the Earldom, and limited it to heirs general of his own body (thus disinheriting the male issue of the previous Earl, the eldest of whom – still only around aged 8 – would eventually marry his daughter and reunite the two lines of the family).

The ploy to obtain a new grant of the earldom and exclude the ‘other’ line from re-establishing a right to succession was not, as it turned out, successful: about five years prior to the marriage of his daughter to the cousin he had thus excluded from succeeding, the new creation was annulled by Queen Mary (22-3-1564/5).

David Lindsay was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) on 29-10- 1565. He also fought on the side of Queen Mary in the Battle of Langside (1568).

M16: BETHUNE (BEATON, BETOUN), Margaret      
B: c 1527, St Andrew’s, Fife.
                                                                                M: c 10-4-1546, David Lindsay, 10th Earl of Crawford

                                                                                Margaret Bethune (Beaton, Betoun)

Margaret Bethune (Beaton, Betoun) was the illegitimate daughter of Cardinal David Bethune of St Andrew’s, Fife As a result of her marriage -- at which her distinguished father (who occupied the positions of Archbishop of St Andrews (1539), Cardinal ‘Legatus a Latire’ (1544), and Chancellor of Scotland (1544), before being murdered, 29-5-1546) was present, and which, according to Patrick Fraser Tytler (History of Scotland, Vol 5, pp 424-5), was celebrated “with great magnificence at Finhaven Castle, the prelate bestowing on the bride a dowry little inferior to that of a princess” --  Margaret Bethune was styled as Countess of Crawford on 20-9-1558.


F16: LOWTHER, Sir Christopher                  B: 8-9-1557
                                                                                M: (i) 10-2-1576, Eleanor Musgrave
                                                                              (ii)                    Mary Wilson (daughter of Thomas Wilson, secretary of
                                                                                                                                                                                    State to Elizabeth I).
D: 1617

M16: MUSGRAVE, Eleanor                        B: c 1560, in Hayton Castle
M: 10-2-1576, Sir Christopher Lowther
D:  June, 1597

Eleanor Musgrave.

Eleanor Musgrave, sister of Edward Musgrave (Generation 14), died (June, 1597) in childbirth with her 11th (some research says 15th) child, Frances. She was buried (6-6-1597), with her infant daughter, at Lowther Parish.

Eleanor’s parents are recorded, in some research, as Richard Musgrave and Anne Wharton; however, their daughter (also Eleanor Musgrave, born 1546 and died 25-7-1623), married Robert Bowes of Aske. The parents of Eleanor Musgrave, wife of Christopher Lowther, are William Musgrave and Isabel Martindale, who are listed in Generation 15 as parents of Eleanor’s brother, Edward Musgrave.                                                       

LYON, John
LYON, Margaret

F16: LYON, John                                                B:
                                                                                M:              Janet Keith

                                                                                John Lyon, 7th Lord Glamis.

Following the death (1528) of his father, 6th Lord Glamis (also John Lyon), and while he himself was still a minor, the mother (Janet 
Douglas) of John Lyon, 7th Lord Glamis, remarried, taking, as her second husband, Archibald Campbell of Kepneith. Another Campbell, 
kinsman to Archibald and rival for the widow’s affections, in order to “revenge a repulse, gave information to the authorities that she 
and her husband, her young son John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis, John Lyon a relative, and an old priest were conspiring against the life 
of the King by poison and witchcraft. They were tried for high treason and condemned on the evidence of a perjurer, and sentenced to 
be burned at the stake. 
Campbell attempted to escape, but was dashed to pieces on the rocks below the window of his prison ….. Lady Glamis died publicly by 
fire on the Castle Hill of Edinburgh, July 12th, 1537. Owing to his tender years, John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis, was spared the horrible 
fate of his unfortunate mother, notwithstanding he had been convicted of treason, July 10th, 1537, of being ‘art and part of concealing 
and not revealing of the conspiring and imagination in the destruction of King James V by poison, imagined and conspired by Janet, 
Lady Glamis, his mother, to which he consented’.” (Lyon, Sidney (ed.):  ‘Some Old World Lyons 21’ in  A Lyon Memorial (1907), 
reproduced at  http://www.archive.org/stream/lyonmemorial00lyon/lyonmemorial00lyon_djvu.txt:
John Lyon was subsequently returned to prison, his sentence being postponed until he came of age. In the meantime, however, his 
accuser, “on his death-bed, a prey to remorse” (Lyon, S., op.cit.) recanted; John Lyon, still a minor, was released into the care of his 
uncle, Alexander Lyon, his estates having been forfeited to the Crown by an act of Parliament (3-12-1540).
In January, 1542/3, John Lyon took steps to regain his estates, instituting a summons of redemption of forfeiture; in March, he was 
restored by Parliament to his estates and honours (“he came into favour after the heart of James V was broken by the treacherous 
desertion of the nobles”, says Lyon.)
John Lyon married Janet Keith (sister of William Keith, 3rd (or 4th) Earl of Marishal) and had two sons: John Lyon, 8th Lord Glamis 
(Generation 15), and Sir Thomas Lyon, who became famous as ‘the Master of Glamis’. He had charters for various lands in 
Aberdeenshire (1543/4), and of the Barony of Kinghorne forfeited by James Kirkaldy of Grange (1548). 

M16: KEITH, Janet                                            B: c 1528
                                                                                M:             John Glamis, 7th Lord Glamis
                                                                                D: 1559
                                                                                Comments: sister of William Keith, 3rd (or 4th) Earl of Marischal
                                                                                (Generation 16). Not to be confused with her aunt (father’s sister), Janet
                                                                                Keith, died 1547 (Generation 17), wife of (possibly) Thomas Stewart (2nd
                                                                                Lord Innermeath) and William Graham. A further Janet Keith occurs in
                                                                                Generation 21 as wife of Adam Skene; this was Janet’s great-great-great
                                                                                                                                                                                    grandfather’s sister.


F16: MACDOWALL, Uchtred                        B: 1526
                                                                                M: (i)            Margaret Kennedy
                                                                                      (ii)           Margaret Stuart (Stewart)
                                                                                D: 1593 (abroad, probably in France)
                                        Uchtred Macdowall, 12th Laird of Garthland

With this generation the numbering system of the Lairds of Garthland (most of whom are called either ‘Uchtred’ or ‘John’) becomes confused and inconsistent; events in the life of Uchtred Macdowall, husband of Margaret Kennedy and Margaret Stuart, are credited to either the 10th Laird or the 12th Laird, depending on the source being consulted.

To further complicate the data, John Burke (Burke's landed gentry of Great Britain: together with members of the titled and non-titled contemporary establishment) shows the 12th Laird of Garthland as John Macdowall (not Uchtred), and says that he served heir to his father 17 Oct. 1600, m. Janet, dau. of Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar”; however, since the 13th Laird of Garthland, Uchtred Macdowall (Generation 15) is consistently reported as dying (by execution) on 11-6-1600, it would seem that John might more correctly be numbered as 14th Laird, which is the numbering offered by Stirnet (which, moreover, dates the marriage of John and Janet Gordon at 15-5-1596, far too late for the parents of a man supposedly executed in 1600, but perfectly appropriate for that person’s son). Yet researchers into the Martin family (http://home.comcast.net/~martin.d.r/s_thomas_martin.html) record that the 14th Laird was “James Macdowall, (who) served and retoured heir to his father (Uctred, 13th of Garthland) on 8 August, 1637”; this, also, is clearly irreconcilable with a date of death of 1600 for the 13th Laird.

Stirnet records Uchtred, 12th Laird, as the husband of Margaret Kennedy and Margaret Stuart, and gives his date of death as 1593, which would accord with an involvement in the Ruthven Raid; researcher Leo B. McDowell, on http://groups.yahoo.com/group/mcdowell/message/1514, notes that this Uchtred, a Calvinist Presbyterian, had a son, John, also a Calvinist, who “fled Scotland in 1595, also because of religious persecution”; this would, presumably, be the brother of Uchtred, the 13th Laird who was executed in 1600 (just seven years after the death of his father).

The sequence of events in the Laird of Garthland genealogy is easily-ordered and not, in fact, the subject (for the most part) of dispute; it is the system of numbering the Lairds which has caused the confusion. In this present research, information from just about all the available sources has been used, and quoted from; however, where necessary, the system of numbering has been ignored, so that, for instance, references in http://leomcdowell.tripod.com/id26.htm to the 10th Laird of Garthland are here ascribed to the 12th Laird (as recorded in Stirnet), who lived 1526-1593, and died just seven years before the 13th: a more ‘comfortable’ solution than numbering generations to imply a separation of a half-century, yet whose biographies show them living (and dying) concurrently.

In this reading of the data, Uchtred Macdowall, 12th Laird of Garthland

(i) “retoured before the High Sheriff at Wigtown, on 29 February 1548, as son and heir to John Macdowall of Garthland slain at Pinkie Cleugh….(and)…married 1st wife, Margaret Kennedy, the daughter of Sir Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains, by his wife Janet, widow of Alexander Gordon, Master of Sutherland, and a daughter of John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl, and had issue, Uchtred” (Leo B Macdowell, My Macdowell Family, http://leomcdowell.tripod.com/id26.htm);

(ii) subsequently married “2nd wife Margaret Stuart of Methven (daughter of Henry Stuart, 1st of Methven and 2nd wife Margaret Tudor, widow of King James IV and sister of King Henry VIII)” (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/mcdowell/message/1514);

(iii) was implicated as a conspirator in the Ruthven Raid (1582), “led by the clan Ruthven, in which the young King James IV of Scotland was kidnapped and held at Ruthven Castle and later Edinburgh Castle” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Macdowall);

(iv) on account of this involvement, was “called to trial but had his summons deleted by the King’s warrant, 19 August 1584 and had a fresh charter from King James VI of the Baronies of Garthland and Corswall” (Leo B Macdowell, My Macdowell Family, http://leomcdowell.tripod.com/id26.htm);

 (v) died abroad (probably in France) in 1593, two years before his son, John, a Calvinist/Presbyterian like his father, also fled Scotland because of religious persecution.

M16: KENNEDY, Margaret                            B:
                                                                                M:             Uchtred Macdowall, 12th Laird of Garthland
                                                                                Comments: not to be confused with Margaret Kennedy, recorded in this
                                                                                generation as wife of Gilbert Kennedy,

F16: MARTINDALE, James                            B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown
                                                                                D: 1548
                                                                                Comments: of West Newton, Newton-in-Allerdale, Cumberland. He had
                                                                                five daughters, among whom his estates were divided.

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:              James Martindale of West Newton

MIDDLETON, Mabel Margaret

F16: MIDDLETON (MYDLETON), Thomas                   
B: 1431, Middleton Hall, Middleton, Westmorland.
                                                                                M:  c 1450, Isabel Musgrave
                                                                                Comments: twin to Reginald

M16: MUSGRAVE, Isabel                              B: 1430, Great Musgrave, Hartley, Westmorland
                                                                                M: c 1450, Thomas Middleton (Mydleton)
                                                                                Comments: Younger sister of Sir Thomas Musgrave, recorded in 
                                                                                Generation 18 as husband of Mary (or Joan) Stapleton.

MITFORD, Christopher

F16: MITFORD, Christopher                         B: c 1484, Gowpend, Northumbria
                                                                                M:  1509, Seghill, Northumbria, Agnes Brigham.
                                                                                D: before 7-2-1539
                                                                                Comments: the full text of the will of Christopher Mitford is published at

M16: BRIGHAM, Agnes                                 B:
                                                                                M:  1509, Seghill, Northumbria, Christopher Mitford


F16: MONTGOMERY (MONTGOMERIE), Sir Robert                                      
                                                                                M: before 20-5-1567, Dorothy (Mary) Sempill (Semple)
                                                                                D: April, 1584

                                                                                Sir Robert Montgomery (Montgomerie)

Sir Robert Montgomery (Montgomerie)was the second son of George Montgomery (Montgomerie) of Skelmorlie, but, on the death of his father (1561), was appointed tutor of his elder brother, Thomas, the nominal heir. Thomas subsequently (1566) died, whereupon Robert inheriited the title of Laird of Skelmorlie (Skelmorley), and his father’s estates. In 1572, he entered into a bond of mutual support with Lord Sempill,  a relative by marriage (both he and Sir Robert had mothers who were daughters of the 1st earl of Eglinton).

Because of this family connection, Sir Robert was deeply engaged in the family feud between the powerful houses of Eglinton and Glencairn, and killed (March, 1582-3) Alexander, Commendator of Kilwinning, son of the Earl of Glencairn. “The Maxwells of Newark, whose mother was a Cuninghame of Craigens, were also concerned in the quarrel. In a conflict in January, 1583-4, Patrick Maxwell of Stainlie, was slain by the Montgomeries of Skelmorlie, and many others were killed and wounded on both sides. In April of the same year, another encounter took place with the Maxwells, in which both the elder and younger lairds of Skelmorlie were slain. These slaughters occasioned much trouble to the criminal courts, but apparently without any decisive result” Thomas Harrison Montgomery (1863), A Genealogical History of the Family of Montgomery, including the
Montgomery Pedigree (www.archive.org/stream/genealogicalhist00mont/genealogicalhist00mont_djvu.txt).  

M16: SEMPILL (SEMPLE), Dorothy (Mary)
                                                                                 M: before 20-5-1567, Sir Robert Montgomery (Montgomerie)
                                                                                 D: before 2-5-1600
                                                                                Comments: sister of Grizel (Grisel, Grace) Sempill, recorded in Generation
                                                                                15 as wife of John Blair


F16: MUSGRAVE, Thomas                            B: after 1468 (possibly 1485), Hayton Castle, Aspatria, Eskdale,
                                                                                M:  c 1515, at Johnby Hall, Elizabeth Dacre
                                                                                D: 23-2-1532

                                                                                Thomas Musgrave

A 1583 inscription (dated 1583) above the door of Johnby Hall, Johnby (6 miles north-west of Penrith) states: “William Musgrave, Isabel Martindale, 1583. Nicholas Musgrave maret Margaret Tellel, Heyre. Thomas his sone maret Elizabet Dacre. Willm. his sone. Here now dwell, maret Isabel, Heyre to Martindale. To God I pray be vith hus allvaie.” In the centre of the inscription is a shield encircled by a garter, inscribed “O God give me wisdome to know thee”, surmounted by the Musgrave crest.

This Thomas Musgrave is not to be confused with Thomas Musgrave (Generation 18, died 3-1-1447), father of Richard Musgrave and husband of Joan Dacre.

M16: DACRE, Elizabeth                                  B: c 1495
                                                                                M: c 1515, at Johnby Hall, Thomas Musgrave (II)
                                                                                Comments: because she was allowed to marry far less-advantageously
                                                                                than her elder sisters, Elizabeth is reputed to be an illegitimate daughter
                                                                                of Thomas Dacre (3rd Lord Dacre) However, researcher Brad Verity claims
                                                                                “strong political factors for the Dacres to unite with the Musgraves”,
                                                                                noting that it would be unusual for a father to give an illegitimate
                                                                                daughter (particularly the youngest) the same Christian name as his wife.


F16: NEVILL, Sir William                                  B: c 1450 (one site records c 1445), Thornton Bridge, Brafferton, Yorkshire
                                                                                M: (i) by contract (underage) 13-10-1457, Joan(e) (Jane)Boynton
                                                                                       (ii)           Alice Unknown
                                                                                D: 1484

                                                                                Sir William Nevill

According to Susan Taylor (19-6-1998, at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/ESSEX-ROOTS/1998-06/0898255697), Sir William Nevill was a descendant of Charlemagne, a Magna Carta Surety, and had, in his genealogy, “at least one Plantagenet line to Edward I”.

Sir William was knighted in Scotland, 1482, and died just two years afterwards.

M16: BOYNTON, Joan(e) (Jane)                 B:
                                                                                M:  by contract (underage) 13-10-1457, Sir William Nevill
                                                                                Comments: the 1457 marriage contract was necessary because the groom
                                                                                (William Nevill) was underage (about age 7); it is merely an assumption
                                                                                that this also applied to Joan(e) (Jane) Boynton, whose date of birth is not

NEWMAN, Thomas

F16: NEWMAN, Unknown                            B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Newman

PENNE, Thomas

F16: PENNE (PEN, PENN), John                  B: c 1492
                                                                                M:             Lucy Cheval(l)
                                                                                D: 1558

                                                                                John Penne (Pen, Penn)
John Penne (Pen, Penn) of Codicote (Codycote) is described as “barber-surgeon, and groom of the privy chamber of King Henry VIII…. (he) was given land in Wiltshire for his services to Henry VIII including a hunting lodge on the edge of the royal forest of Braydon….He was made warden of the royal forest of Braydon (a hereditory post) which was passed on to future generations of Penns. (http://www.geni.com/people/John-Penne/6000000001745448877). 

“He was admitted to the freedom in 1527 and was Master 1539. He married Lucy, daughter and heiress of Edmond Chevall, of Coddicote, Hertfordshire, by whom he had a good estate and seven children (vide Harl. Soc. Pub. xxii., 82 & 116). In Liber Niger Domus Regis (Harl. MS. 642) among the orders made for the regulation of the Household of Henry VIII was one, that none but fifteen persons whose names are specified should be allowed to enter the Privy Chamber, and one of these is John Penne.” (Sidney Young, 1890, Annals of The Barber-Surgeons of London, reprinted at www.archive.org/stream/annalsofbarbersu00youn/annalsofbarbersu00youn_djvu.txt)

“After his marriage to Lucy Cheval (who was the heiress to 2 manors in Hertfordshire) - Sisserfens & Coldicote Manors, it brought the 2 manors into the Penne family. This was at the time of Henry VIII…. John Penne’s will was made out in the reign of William & Mary…. he left money & propery to Lucy, his wife and Elizabeth and Dorothy, his daughters, and his sons William and Robert….When his son, William, married he granted his land in Wiltshire to him as a wedding present…he died in 1558 and was succeeded by his son, Thomas, who appears to have joined with his mother Lucy in selling part of the demesne lands and the site of the manor to his brother Robert.” (http://www.geni.com/people/John-Penne/6000000001745448877).  

John bought the estate of Codicote (Codycote) “from the king in 1545 for £926 9s 4½d. The village sign still bears his crest of a comb and three plovers. Penne’s descendants lived in the property until 1653, when Thomas Penne sold it to a wealthy grocer from London, George Poyner, a non-conformist, who allowed one of his barns to be used for this form of worship” (http://www.wilde-life.com/articles/2000/simply-wilde-about-the-barn). 

The estate of Abbots Hay was a portion of the manor of Codicote sold by John Penne to Nicholas Bristowe in 1546…. Another estate, called Michell’s Fee, was carved out of his manor of Codicote by John Penne in 1546….…. and sold to John Michell.’ (British History On-line, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43291). 

A portrait, by Hans Holbein the Younger, of Henry VIII surrounded by his barber-surgeons (thirteen of whom are identified by name) is reproduced at http://www.elizabethan-portraits.com/Henry6.jpg (John’s name is spelled ‘Pen’ on the picture, which features him prominently in the right-hand foreground). According to Sidney Young (1890, op. cit.), “It is said that the portrait of Pen was greatly admired by Sir Robert Peel, who frequently came to the Hall to look at it, and who is reported to have offered the Company £2,000 for the head, if it might be cut from the picture, he undertaking to make good the damage! He is also alleged to have said at one of his visits, that he should like to sleep on the table at the Hall, so that the first thing he would see on waking in the morning might be Pen’s head….Henry VIII left, by his Will, 100 marks to Pen.” 

M16: CHEVAL(L), Lucy                                    B: 1515
                                                                                M:             John Penne (Pen, Penn)
                                                                                D: 24-8-1566
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Edmund (Edmond) Cheval(l). “Her marriage with
                                                                                John Penne in the early years of the reign of Henry VIII brought Sisserfens
                                                                                into the hands of the family who subsequently held the manor of
                                                                                Codicote” (British History On-line, http://www.british-
history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43291). Henry VIII reigned 1509-1547.


F16: PENNINGTON, Sir John                        B: c 1434
                                                                                M: (i) 1465, Isabel Broughton
       (ii)          Joan Eure (died 13-10-1507)
D: 3-5-1512

Sir John Pennington of Muncaster.

Sir John Pennington of Muncaster was Sheriff of Cumberland. He is the brother of Anne Pennington (de Penington), recorded in this generation as wife of Sir Christopher Curwen (de Culwen) (traditional interpretations have him as her nephew; a recent (19-8-2007) report by Tim Cartmell (at http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Soc/soc.genealogy.medieval/2007-08/msg00905.html), endorsed by   Alex Maxwell Findlater (19-8-2007, at the same site) has necessitated the re-interpretation).

M16: BROUGHTON, Isabel                        B: c 1438
M: 1465, Sir John Pennington of Muncaster


M:              Unknown

M16: UNKNOWN                                        B:
M:              Unknown Penruddock (Penruddel)

PLACE, Dorothy

F16: PLACE, Christopher                            B:
M:               Alice Tempest

                                                                        Christopher Place

Christopher Place, the second son of Rowland Place, inherited his father’s manor of Dinsdale (of which Rowland had been left, by William and Dorothy Wycliffe, only a third) when his father’s chosen heir, George (Christopher’s elder brother) died without issue. Christopher obtained a life interest in the manor of Dinsdale from his uncle Bernard in 1543, and subsequently purchased Francis Wycliffe’s third part (Christopher died in 1556, leaving five daughters and coheirs; two of them, Dorothy Boynton and Elizabeth Forster, conveyed this third part of the manor in 1592 to the male heir, their father’s nephew, another Christopher Place, son of Robert).

M16: TEMPEST, Alice                                 B:
M: (i)               Christopher Place
      (ii)             Walter Strickland
      (iii)            Thomas Boynton

                                                                                Alice Tempest

The marriage of Alice Tempest (by which time she was Alice Strickland, widow of Walter Strickland) to her youngest daughter’s father-in-law, Sir Thomas Boynton, father of Sir Francis (who had married Dorothy, one of five daughters of Alice and Christopher Place, others being Anne, Eleanor, Elizabeth, and Isabel) means that Alice is represented twice in this generation, under two different surnames.

Alice is named in the will (to which she was executrix) of her first husband, Christopher Place of Halnaby (February, 1555-6); the will can still be examined in Vol. 36, Surtees Soc. p. 84. She subsequently married (January 20, 1560-1) Walter Strickland, of Sizergh (Articles of Agreement were signed between Walter Strickland, of Sizergh, Esq., and Thomas Tempest, of Lanchester, County Durham, Esq., that on February 2 following, Walter Strickland should marry “Alice Place, widow, sister to the said Thomas Tempest”. Strickland undertook to settle a jointure of l95 a year on Alice. (Strickland Charters, Bundle Elizabeth, No. 2); by bond of January 20, 1560-1, Walter Strickland (with others as sureties) is bound to Thomas Tempest to observe these covenants). 

Alice had two more children to Walter Strickland (who died 8-4-1569): a daughter, Alice, and a son, Thomas Strickland, who became heir on his father’s death when he was aged just 5 years. An indenture was signed 15-6-1573, between Alice and her two children, concerning the timber, lead, iron, glass and wainscot, &c., remaining at Sizergh after the death of Walter Strickland (who had reserved all of these for his son, Thomas). Alice purchased all these materials of the heir, “but before her marriage with Thomas Boynton she conveyed them to him with other household furniture of her own purchase, except two dozen silver spoons. Alice had carried on the repairs which Walter Strickland had left unfinished at his death.” (Thomas Strickland came of age on 6-6-1585; on 23-1-1588-9, he released to Lady Alice Boynton of Ripon, his mother, all furniture, plate, etc., left to him by his father’s will.)

On 14-6-1573 – before Alice became the wife of Thomas Boynton, father of Francis Boynton, who had married her fifth daughter  -- an indenture was signed between Thomas Boynton, of Barmston, Co. York, Esq., and John Place, of the City of York, with Francis Wicliff, of Coxo, by which Francis Wicliff engages to pay certain moneys which Alice Strickland held for the use of her children by her first husband (Christopher Place) to Ellynore Forster, widow, Isabel Place, and Dorothy Place. It was also agreed that Alice was to have “all belonging to her former husbands in favour of her children by them”. Alice is described as “now living at Holneby (Halnaby) in Yorkshire, now the seat of Sir Ralph Milbank”. 


F16: PRESTON, Christopher                      B: c 1520
M: (i)               Margaret Southworth
                                                                                       (ii)             Ann Jephson
                                                                                       (iii)            Unknown Pickering
D: 27-5-1594. Entombed at Cartmel Church.
Comments: founder of the powerful branch of the Prestons of Holker Hall
(he had inherited Holker Park, the estate surrounding the Hall, from his father).

M16: SOUTHWORTH, Margaret                 B: 1527, Holker Hall, Lancashire
                                                                                M:              Christopher Preston
                                                                                Comment: ‘of Holker hall’. One researcher identifies her as ‘Margaret
                                                                                                                                                                                    (Ludworth) Southworth’.


F16: RADCLYFFE, Edward                              B: c 1490
                                                                                M: (i)            Cecily Radclyffe
                                                                                      (ii)            Maud Nowell
                                                                                D: 4-4-1557
                                                                                Comments: ‘of Great Mearley’and ‘of Todmorden’.

M16: RADCLYFFE, Cecily                                B:
                                                                                M: (i)              Thomas Ffarington             
      (ii)             Edward Radclyffe
                                                                                Comments: sister of Thomas Radclyffe (Generation 17)

                                                                                Edward and Cecily Radclyffe

Despite the same family name – a situation occurring in several generations in the Radclyffe family (the next recorded instance being Generation 19, when Thomas Radclyffe and Margery Radclyffe, the great-grandparents of Cecily, married) – Edward and Cecily were quite-distant relations. Both are descended from William de Radclyffe (‘The Great William’) and his wife, Margaret de Peasfurlong (Generation 21, but also occurring in Generations 22 and 25): Edward, son of Charles Radclyffe and Margaret Ashton, is the great-great-great grandson of  William de Radclyffe, son of ‘the Great William’; Cecily, daughter of Thomas Radclyffe and Alice Gerard, is the great-great-great-great-great-great granddaughter of Richard de Radclyffe, another son of ‘the Great William’.

A document detailing a transaction between Thomas Grimshaw and Edward Radclyffe states that , in 1537, Richard Grimshaw “married Elizabeth daughter of John Cudworth of Werneth, co. Lane., gent.: for by deed dated 29 Aug. 1537 Thomas Grimshaw and John Cudworth agreed that Richard, son of Thomas, should marry Elizabeth daughter of John: Thomas undertook to make a settlement of £6.24.4 per an. out of lands in Aighton and Hacking, and to enfeoff trustees of the rest of his estate, while Cudworth agreed to pay 100 marks (G. 1602). On 27 Apr. 1548 he sold for 4 marks a ‘spring’ of wood in Hacking to Edward Radcliffe of Todmorden, and granted that it should be cut down and carried away during 4 years”.

While Johanna (Generation 16) was the only daughter of Edward and Cecily, Edward’s second wife, Maud Nowell (daughter of Roger Nowell and Grace Towneley) bore him a further eight children.

RUTHVEN, William

F16: RUTHVEN, Patrick                                   B: c 1520
                                                                                M: (i) 8-8-1546, Janet Douglas
                                                                                      (ii) 9-4-1557, Janet Stewart, Countess of Sutherland.
                                                                                D: 13-6-1566, in exile

                                                                                Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven

Patrick Ruthven’s father, William, 2nd Lord Ruthven, married Janet Halyburton, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Patrick Halyburton, 6th Lord Dirletoun, a match which, as well as enriching the family, allowed son Patrick to inherit (in December 1552) not only the title of 3rd Lord Ruthven (a lordship encompassing the offices of Provost and Constable of Perth, and Sheriff of Strathearn) but that of 7th Lord Dirletoun as well.

Like his father (one of the first members of the Scottish nobility to adopt the Protestant faith), Patrick was a firm believer in the Protestant cause; he was one of the Lords of the Congregation who challenged the authority of Mary of Guise, Regent of Scotland during the long minority of her daughter  Mary, Queen of Scots. 

During the ‘War of the Rough Wooing’, Patrick, seeking to profit by delivering Perth (of which his father was, at the time, Provost) to the English, offered the town to Sir Andrew Dudley (brother of the Duke of Northumberland), who occupied Broughty Castle. After this war with England was concluded, he travelled (March 1551) to Paris, from where he wrote to Mary of Guise, asking for money she had promised him. 

Patrick also asked for political preferment: “I haif evir bene and salbe at your grace's commandment. Fordir, pleis your grace, I think I have bene ane futtman lang aneuch, bot quhene it pless your grace ye will mak me ane hors man amangis utheris ... I shall jeopard my lyfe in your service farder nor thame that giffis yow fairer wordis and gettis mair of your geir”.

However, as a strong Protestant and a supporter of the Lords of the Congregation, Patrick signed (1560) the Treaty of Berwick, and sent his son (Archibald) to Westminster School, as a hostage to England. He wrote to William Cecil from Huntingtower Castle reminding him of their previous meetings in England during the time of Edward VI, and expressing approval of Cecil’s “forth-setting of the union of these realms in greater amity than in times bypast has been”. In conference with Mary of Guise (12-5-1560, at Edinburgh Castle), Patrick was more unyielding, on all points, than any of the other representatives of the Congregation

With the return of Mary (1561) to claim her throne, Patrick became one of the more avid supporters of Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley. Thomas Randolph reported (June, 1563) that Patrick Ruthven had joined Mary’s privy council at the instance of William Maitland of Lethington (although “the queen personally could not abide him”). Later, he supported Mary’s marriage with Henry Stewart, and was the leader of the band (which included his son, William, recorded in Generation 15) which murdered (9-3-1566) David Rizzio. This incident necessitated his flight into England (accompanied by William), where he died, not before sending (2-4-1566) his testimony (along with Morton) on the murder to Queen Elizabeth, declaring that they had acted the best for Lord Darnley, Mary, state and religion). 

Patrick’s two eldest children married the children of their stepmother, Janet Stewart: daughter Jean Ruthven married Henry Stewart (2nd Lord Methven), and the heir, William Ruthven (1st Earl of Gowrie), married Dorothea Stewart. 

Patrick Ruthven is brother to Lilias Ruthven, listed in this generation as the wife of David Drummond (2nd Lord Drummond). Patrick and wife Janet Douglas are also listed in Generation 18 as the parents of Jean (Janet) Ruthven, who is recorded in Generation 17 as wife of Lord Henry II Stewart of Methven (Methuen). 

M16: DOUGLAS, Janet                                   B: before 1530
M:              Patrick Ruthven
                                                                                D: after 16-12-1552.

                                                                                 Janet Douglas

Janet Douglas was the illegitimate daughter of Archibald Douglas, the 6th Earl of Douglas (whose marriage to Margaret Tudor, the Queen of Scotland, made him “a focus of political intrigue”) and Unknown Stewart, daughter of the laird of Traquair. Her father’s liaison with her mother caused his wife, Margaret Tudor, to actively oppose his claims for power, and, eventually, to divorce him; the long-term result of this was a civil war in Scotland.

Janet Douglas, wife of Patrick Ruthven, should not be confused with her aunt (third sister of her father) Janet Douglas, widow of John Lyon (6th Lord Glamis) and daughter-in-law to Archibald Campbell (2nd Earl of Argyll), who was, after being found guilty of a charge of conspiring against the life of King James, burned alive by a mob on Castle Hill, Edinburgh (17-7-1537); nor with the wife of Robert Herries (c 1410-1466), yet another Janet Douglas and also a relative (her parents were Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus and his second wife, Janet Kennedy, whereas the Janet Douglas who married Patrick Ruthven was the daughter of Archibald Douglas, the 6th earl of Angus, whose grandparents were Archibald, 5th Earl, and Elizabeth Boyd, his first wife).

Janet and her husband, Patrick Ruthven, are also listed in Generation 18 as parents of Jean (Janet) Ruthven, who is recorded in Generation 17 as wife of Lord Henry II Stewart of Methven (Methuen). 


F16: SANDERSON, Thomas                           B: c 1433, Newcastle
                                                                                M: c 1453, Elizabeth Laddington
                                                                                Comments: recorded as ‘Sheriff’.

M16: LADDINGTON, Elizabeth                    B: c 1435
                                                                                M: c 1453, Sheriff Thomas Sanderson


F16: SAUNDERS, Thomas                              B:
                                                                                M:             Alice Unknown (possibly Alice Weyll)
                                                                                Comments: ‘of Agmondisham (Amersham), Buckinghamshire’. Living in
                                                                                1550. His descendants are discussed by Pamela M Langston (7-3-2000) at

M16: UNKNOWN (possibly Weyll), Alice                                       
                                                                                M:             Thomas Saunders of Agmondisham (Amersham)
                                                                                Comments: insufficient evidence to proceed on the assumption that Alice
                                                                                is Alice Weyll, as there are several Thomases (and marriages to ‘Alice’) in
                                                                                                                         the Saunders family in the Agmondisham area.

SCOTT, James

F16: SCOTT, Sir William                                   B: c 1530
                                                                                M:             Janet Lindsay
                                                                                Sir William Scott, 11th baron of Balwearie.

“Sir William Scott, Baron of Balwearie, eldest son and heir, married Janet, daughter of John Lindsay of Dowhill. Sir William adhered to the cause of Queen Mary and was wounded at the battle of Langside in 1568. His opposition to the Reformation and involvement in court intrigue damaged the prospects of his family” (Carol Clark Johnson, The Scotts of Arie, reprinted at vredenburgh.org/vredenburgh/pages/scotts_of_balwearie.pdf)

M16: LINDSAY, Janet                                      B: c 1520
M:  (i)             Andrew Lundie of Bargany
       (ii)  after 1568, Sir William Scott of Balwearie
       (iii)          Sir George Douglas of Helenhill
Janet Lindsay

Janet Lindsay had a charter (15-7-1566) from her father (John Lindsay of Dowhill) for the quarter-part of the lands of Dunduff.

With the consent of Andrew, Earl of Eothes, his father, administrator, and tutor, Patrick, Commendator of Lindores, for divers sums of money, set in tack to Janet Lindsay, relict of Sir William Scott, and to her son James, all the teind-sheaves of certain lands for nineteen years, for an annual rent of .46 sterling 19th March 1575” (K. H. Leslie, Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-69. Collected from public records and authentic private sources, Vol II, 1869, at http://www.archive.org/stream/historicalrecord02lesluoft/historicalrecord02lesluoft_djvu.txt)

SEMPILL (SEMPLE), Grizel (Grisel, Grace)

F16: SEMPLE (SEMPILL), Robert                 B: c 1505
                                                                                M: (i) before 7-4-1538, Isabel (Isabella) Hamilton
                                                                                      (ii)            Elizabeth Carlyle of Torthorwald (possibly mistress)
                                                                                D: after 1-8-1572/3.

                                                                                Robert Sempill (Semple), 3rd Lord of Semple

Robert Sempill (Semple), 3rd Lord of Sempill (known as ‘the Great Lord Sempill’), was taken prisoner by the English at the battle of Pinkie Cleugh (1547), the year before he succeeded his father to the title. He had charters for the offices of governor and constable of the king’s castle of Douglas (20-10-1533).

Robert Sempill was one of the supporters of the queen regent, Mary of Guise, against the lords of the Congregation; his castle was besieged and taken (1560), for having disobeyed the laws and ordinances of the council (specifically, he persisted in retaining the mass, and “had beset the earl of Arran with a great number of his friends, while he was riding on his way with his accustomed company”).

Robert was faithful to the interests of Queen Mary until the murder of Darnley, whereupon (1567) he entered into the association to defend the young king, James VI, and was among the jury at the trial of the Earl of Bothwell.

Robert was one of the lords who commanded the rear-guard of the confederated force in arms against Queen Mary and Bothwell at Carberry Hill, and was one of the lords who signed the letters (to Douglas of Lochleven) to take in charge the ill-fated queen. He had a command in the avant-guard of the army of the Regent Moray at the Battle of Langside (1568); in consideration of “his many valuable services to the king and government”, he obtained (1569), from the regent, a charter of the abbey of Paisley (on the forfeiture of Lord Claud Hamilton; afterwards, however, it was restored to Hamilton).

Robert Sempill was one of the secret council of the regent, after whose assassination he was taken prisoner (1570), by the Hamiltons, while riding home from the army of the earls of Lennox and Glencairn (at Glasgow), and, subsequently, conveyed (by Lord Boyd), first, to Draffen, and, second, to Argyle, where he was detained for a year.

Robert engaged in the great feuds (which lasted, altogether, from 1488 to 1586) between the houses of Eglinton (with which the Sempills had formed numerous marriage connections) and Glencairn, or the Montgomeries and Cunninghams.

Robert Sempill built the Peel, the ruins of which still exist, on a small isle on Castle-Semple Loch.

Robert married, first, Isabel(la), daughter of Sir William Hamilton of Sanquhar, and had, with four daughters, two sons: Robert, master of Sempill, who predeceased him (leaving a son, Robert, fourth Lord Sempill), and Andrew (who got from his father (1560) the lands of Bruntchells, and was ancestor of the Sempills of Bruntchells and Millbank). He later married – or, possibly, kept as a mistress -- Elizabeth, a daughter of Carlyle of Torthorwald, and had, with three daughters, a son (John, whose wife, Mary Livingstone -- one of ‘the Queen’s Maries’ -- was the youngest daughter of the fifth Lord Livingstone). While most sources list the two daughters in this present research (Dorothy (Mary) in this generation and Grizel (Grisel, Grace) in Generation 15) as among the four daughters of his first wife, one source (http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/index341.htm) shows them as among the three daughters of the second.

M16: HAMILTON, Isabel (Isabella)            B:
                                                                                M: before 7-4-1538, Robert Sempill (Semple), 3rd Lord of Sempill.
                                                                                Comments: see above entry; it is possible she is not the mother of Grizel
                                                                                (Grisel, Grace), recorded in Generation 15, or of Dorothy (Mary), recorded
                                                                                                                                                                                    in Generation 16.

SKENE, Sir John

F16: SKENE, James                                           B: 1500
                                                                                M:             Janet Lumsden

                                                                                James Skene

James Skene, purchaser of the estate of Wester Corse (Aberdeenshire), was the “second son of Alexander Skene IX., of Skene ‘by Lord 
Forbes' daughter’. He was a Notary Public, and the first of the sons of the family who bore the designation of ‘in Bandodle’, the Tanistry 
lands having been acquired by his father. In 1538 he appears as uncle and curator to Alexander Skene of that ilk, his nephew, and in 1543 
witnesses two charters as Notary Public. In the same year James Skene in Bandodle is infeft in the Sunny third of the lands of Blackhall. 
He married Janet Lumsden, daughter of Lumsden of Cushney; ……on 20th May, 1546, there is crown charter of confirmation” (William 
Forbes Skene, 1887, Memorials of the family of Skene of Skene, from the family papers, with other illustrative documents, at 

M16: LUMSDEN, Janet                                   B: 1495
                                                                                M:             James Skene
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Robert Lumsden of Cushnie; recorded
                                                                                (http://www.123people.com/s/janet+lumsden) as “descendant of Robert
                                                                                                                                                                II, King of Scotland and ...Henry I”


F16: SOMERVILLE, Sir John                           B: c 1457
                                                                                M: 3-7-1489, Elizabeth Carmichael
                                                                                D: 1513 (at Battle of Flodden)
                                                                                Comments: ‘of Quothquan’ and ‘of Cambusnethan’

Sir John Somerville of Quothquan and Cambusnethan (‘Cam’nethan’)

When John Somerville, 3rd Lord Somerville, died (1491), he was succeeded, as Lord Somerville, not by his eldest son (William, who, dying in 1488, had predeceased him) but by his young (born about 1484) grandson, also called John (who, eventually, died without issue and was, in turn, succeeded by his brother, Hugh). However, the 3rd Lord Somerville gifted the Barony of Cambusthenan to his own younger son, Sir John Somerville of Quothquan (born c 1457), who, as 6th baron,  “received a charter of the Barony from his father, with his mother’s consent, under reservation of their liferent confirmed in 1488” (http://danharrop.tripod.com/id4.html); the date of the confirmation was July 20, 1488.

Sir John Somerville fought with King James III at the Battle of Sauchieburn, at which battle the king was killed and John taken prisoner. 
Afterwards, John became an intimate friend of James IV, whom he is reported as having entertained “very lavishly”.(According to Sir 
James Balfour Paul (ed.), in The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an 
historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom (1911), James “came to his ‘infare’ at Cowthally, when the great 
feasting gave rise to the nickname of the ‘Pudding Somervilles’….gifts of horses, a crane and wild geese, plovers and live dotterels, are 
mentioned as having been presented by him to the King”). 

Sir James Balfour Paul (op. cit.) provides this information (edited) on the life of Sir John Somerville:

“His father at various times conveyed to him fully the half of his estates, a considerable part of Carnwath besides the ten-merk land of 
the manor of Roberton, with the lands of Kingledores in Peeblesshire. 
On 4 January 1500-1 he had a Crown charter of the ten-pound land of Prestwickshaws in Kyle-Stewart, Ayrshire, on the successive 
resignations of Thomas Somerville of Braxfleld and Janet Somerville, with consent of her husband John Symington. 
On 17 March 1503-4 he had a Crown charter of part of Gilmerton, of an extent of forty-six merks six shillings and eightpence, which 
had been in the King’s hands for sixty years, having reverted to the Crown by disclamation, and the gift of them to Cambusnethan was 
afterwards the cause of a tedious lawsuit. 
On 13 March 1507-8 he had a Crown charter of certain lands in the barony of Carnwath, extending in all to a forty-pound land of old 
extent which had reverted to the King by recognition. 
He was guardian to his nephews during their minority, and retained control of the imbecile third Lord after he came of age; and he is 
accused by the writer of the Memorie of having taken advantage of his position for his own aggrandisement; but in the same work he 
is credited with getting the holdings of Carnwath and Linton changed from ward to blench. 
He married, 3 July 1489, Elizabeth, daughter of John Carmichael of Balmeadie by Elizabeth or Isabella Sibbald, widow of George, 
fourth Earl of Angus.”
The marriage produced daughters Helen (Lady Boyd, Generation 15) and Agnes (who first married John, 2nd Lord Fleming, and, second, 
George Leslie, the Earl of Rothes).
The ‘imbecile’ third (or, possibly, fourth; the numbering is in dispute) Lord (also John), mentioned above by Sir James Balfour Paul, 
died without issue and was, himself, succeeded by his brother, Hugh. 

Sir John Somerville fell, along with the King whom he had feasted, at the Battle of Flodden (9-9-1513).

M16: CARMICHAEL, Elizabeth                     B: c 1473, Balmeadie, Lanarkshire
                                                                                M: 3-7-1489, Sir John Somerville of Quothquan
                                                                                Comments: Her brother, James, was Sheriff of Lanarkshire between 1495
                                                                                                                                                                                                        and 1498.

STEWART, Dorothea

F16: STEWART, Henry I of Methven (Methuen)
                                                                                B: c 1495
                                                                                M: (i)               Leslie Unknown
       (ii) 2-4--1528, Lady Margaret Tudor, the Queen Dowager
                                                                                       (iii)  before 1544, Janet Stewart
                                                                                D: 1552

                                                                                Lord Henry Stewart I of Methven (Methuen)
Henry Stewart was the second son of Andrew Stewart (Lord Avandale) and Margaret (daughter of John, the second Lord Kennedy of Blairquhan). His older brother was Andrew, third lord of Avandale and first Lord of Ochiltree, also recorded in Generation 18..

Henry married, first, Lady Leslie Unknown; they had a child (John Stewart), who was the Master of Methven, and had received a pardon for ‘holding heretical opinions’ (John was killed at the Battle of Pinkie – in which his father, Lord Henry, also took part -- on 10-9-1547).
Henry was a known supporter, in 1524, of the Earl of Arran against the 6th Earl of Angus (Archibald Douglas, Generation 19), whose wife (the Queen Dowager, Margaret Tudor: sister of Henry VIII, widow of King James IV of Scotland, and mother of King James V of Scotland) became, ironically, the second wife of Sir Henry (no records exist to show whether Henry’s first wife pre-deceased him or if she and her husband were divorced). 

Margaret Tudor was in the midst of political and marital disputes with the Earl of Angus -- who had formes a relationship with a daughter of the laird of Traquair which had resulted in the birth of a daughter, ‘Unknown Stewart’, who was to become mother of Janet Douglas (Generation 18) -- when she became attracted to Henry Stewart (who, at that time, held the office of Master Carver to the King), and, succumbing to his influence over her, promoted him as Treasurer, Lord Chancellor and Keeper of the Seal; she then instituted divorce proceedings against the Earl of Angus, finally receiving word (December, 1527) that the divorce had been finalised, whereupon  she and Henry Stewart were married (2-4-1528).

Soon afterwards, the Earl placed Henry in temporary imprisonment; however, following the Earl of Angus’s fall from power, King James V (now Henry’s son-in-law) released Henry, and made his mother and new step-father his main advisors. Subsequently (on July 17) he gave them the lands of Methven, Perthshire and Stewart, and created a barony to be called the Lordship of Methven, with Henry as Lord Methven. Henry also received the grant for many other lands, such as Cockburnspath and Berkwickshire (20-9-1528), Ardety and Perthshire (5-1-1530-1), and the lands of Galashiels, Mossilie and Selkirkshire (6-1-1535-6). Lord Henry Methven was also made ‘Master of the Ordinaunce and Sherif of Linlitheu by inheritance’.

However, Lord Henry soon grew into disfavor with his wife over her ideas that he had “spent her lands and profits on his own kin and brought her into debt of 8,000 marks” (as she wrote to her brother, Henry VIII of England), asserting that, by this time, “the King, my son, supports Meffen as my husband in possession of my lands”. However, shortly before her divorce was ready for public pronunciation, King James V vetoed it. 

Margaret died 18-10-1541 of palsy at Methven Castle and was buried in the Carthusain Church at Perth (she and Lord Henry had had a child -- possibly named Dorothea Stewart, a name that Henry would use again for a daughter of his next marriage -- who had died in infancy).

Prior to 4-11-1544, Lord Henry married his third wife, a woman “celebrated for her beauty and profligacy”: Lady Janet Stewart, the Countess of Sutherland (eldest daughter of John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl, and Janet, daughter of Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll), who had previously been the wife of both Alexander Gordon (Master of Sutherland) and Sir Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains. They had four or five children, all born prior to their marriage: Henry (the second Lord Methven); Johanna (referred to in some records as Janet, who, having been granted the lands of Balquhidder by her father just prior to his death, married (14-10-1551) Colin Campbell, sixth Earl of Argyll, but had no children); Dorothea (who married, 17-8-1561, William Ruthven; they are listed in Generation 15 as the parents of Margaret Ruthven, wife of John Graham); Margaret (who married, first, prior to 1566, Andrew Stewart, Master of Ochiltree, and, secondly, Uchtred Macdowal of Garthland); and, possibly, Jean (who was contracted to marry Patrick Wood of Bonnytown, 17-8-1560).

Lord Henry and his third wife, Janet Stewart, were, in fact, very distant relatives, both descendants of Alexander Stewart (c 1214 – c1283) and Jean Unknown (Janet, in fact, has Alexander and Jean as her ancestors on both sides of her family: through her father, John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl, and her mother, Janet Campbell, who was daughter of Elizabeth Stewart, wife of Archibald Campbell, recorded in Generation 18 of this research as parents of Sir John Campbell). Lord Henry is Alexander and Jane’s great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandson; Janet is the same number of steps through her mother’s side of the family, and one generation closer through her father’s side of the family.

http://www.tmethvin.com/methvin/hstewart.html : “Charters were given to Lord Methven and Janet Stewart his wife, lands of Gorthy, June 5th, 1545, to him and his wife, of the Lordship of Methven, February 18, 1547-48, and to him, Lady Janet Stewart and Henry his son, of the same lordship and the lands of Gorthy, October 10, 1551”. Lord Henry died soon afterwards, and Janet Stewart married (April 9, 1557) for the fourth time, Patrick, Lord Ruthven (Ruthvin), who thus became the step-father of young Henry Stewart (Generation 17), and, eventually, his father-in-law as well (since Henry married Patrick Ruthven’s daughter, Jean); it is believed that Janet married a fifth time, to James Gray, son of Gilbert Gray of Foulis.

Lord Henry I Stewart of Methven (Methuen) is also recorded in generation 18 as the father of Dorothea Stewart, wife of William Ruthven.

M16: STEWART, Janet                                    B:
M: (i)             Alexander Gordon, Master of Sutherland
      (ii) by 1531, Sir Hugh Kennedy of Gervan Mains
      (iii) before 4-11-1544, Lord Henry Stewart of  Methven
                                          (iv)  9-4-1557, Lord Patrick Ruthven
                                                                              (v)              James Gray

 Janet Stewart

Note: Janet Stewart’s biography occurs twice in this research: in Generation 16, as wife of her third husband, Henry I Stewart of Methven, and in Generation 17, as wife of her second husband, Sir Hugh Kennedy of Gervan Mains.

Janet Stewart, the third wife of Lord Henry Stewart (who was, in turn, the third of her five husbands), shared not only the last name of her husband but also common ancestors (albeit very distant ones): Alexander Stewart and Jean Unknown. Moreover, Alexander and Jean’s son, Sir John Stewart, husband of Margaret de Bonkyl (recorded in Generation 23 as parents of Sir Alexander Stewart) is Janet’s ancestor on both her mother’s and her father’s side of the family: her father, John Stewart, is Sir John and Margaret’s great-great-great-great-great grandson, and her mother, Janet Campbell (daughter of Elizabeth Stewart and Archibald Campbell, recorded in generation 18 as parents of Janet’s brother, Sir John Campbell) is Sir John and Margaret’s great-great-great-great-great-great granddaughter.

Janet’s fourth marriage (9-4-1557), to Lord Patrick Ruthven, provided her son, Henry Stewart II of Methven (Generation 17) with both a step-father and a father-in-law, as her son married Lord Patrick’s daughter, Jean (Generation 17).

Janet Stewart is also recorded in Generation 18 as the mother of Lord Henry II Stewart of Methven; she should not be confused with Lady Janet Stewart (Generation 17), the illegitimate daughter of James IV of Scotland, who, as wife of Malcolm Fleming (3rd Lord Fleming), is the mother of Margaret Fleming (Generation 16), who married Robert Graham, Master of Montrose.

STEWART, Mary (Marjory)

F16: STEWART, Andrew                                 B: 1540
                                                                                M:  c 1566, Margaret Stewart of Methven (Methuen)
                                                                                D: before 10-9-1578
                                                                                Comments: ‘Master of Ochiltree’; he never became Lord of Ochiltree
                                                                                because his father outlived him. His younger brother (James) was
                                                                                                                                            murdered in Symontown (1-12-1595)
M16: STEWART, Margaret of Methven (Methuen)
                                                                                B: c 1552
                                                                                M:  c 1566, Master Andrew Stewart of Ochiltree
                                                                                D: 1-1-1627

                    Master Andrew Stewart (of Ochiltree) and Margaret Stewart (of Methven/Methueen).

The records for Andrew Stewart are, at best, confused at this time, owing to the great number of members of the Stewart family using this first name; it would seem, however, that Master Andrew Stewart of Ochiltree (termed ‘Master’ because he never succeeded to the title of Lord of Ochiltree, his father having outlived him) and his wife Margaret Stewart of Methven (Methuen) shared the same great-grandparents: Andrew Stewart and Margaret Kennedy (Generation 19).

The confusion over members of the Stewart family continues for the daughter of Andrew and Margaret -- and sister of Mary (Marjory) Stewart (Generation 15) -- also called Margaret Stewart; she, also, married a member of the Stewart family: John Stewart the Younger, of Traquair.


F16: STRANGWAYS (STRANGEWAYS), Unknown (possibly James)                            
                                                                                M:              Unknown

                                                                                Unknown (possibly James) Strangways (Strangeways)

A ‘James Strangways’ (Strangeways) is consistently recorded as the father of Richard Strangways (Strangeways), husband of Unknown; however, there are several members of the family, around this time, bearing both ‘James’ and ‘Richard’ as first names, and few researchers agree on a genealogical line from this generation. While the most-likely patriarch is Sir James Strangways, son of James Strangways and Jane Orrell -- by his first wife, Elizabeth Darcy, he had, according to Douglas Richardson (Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families), “eleven sons: Richard, knt; James; William; Philip; George (clerk); Christopher; Henry; John; Robert; Thomas, and Thomas (2nd of name), and four daughters…. Elizabeth Darcy was living 1 September 1458, and died before November, 1461” --  the genealogical line between Sir James and Barbara (or Margaret), daughter of Richard is unclear.

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown Strangways (Strangeways) (possibly James)


F16: STRICKLAND, Sir Walter (of Sizergh)
M16: NEVILLE, Catherine (Katherine)

Sir Walter Strickland and Catherine (Katherine) Neville are recorded in Generation 14 as parents of Agnes Strickland. Their genealogical line will continue from that entry.


F16: STRICKLAND (STRYKLAND), Sir Thomas                                
B: c 1442, Sizergh, Westmorland
                                                                                M: (i) 1464, Agnes Parr(e)
                                                                                       (ii)          Margaret Foulehurst  (widow of John Byron)
                                                                                D: 1-9-1494

                                                                                Thomas Strickland (Strykland)

“Ancestral Roots, 41:34, Sir Thomas Strickland, died 1497, married Agnes Parr, the daughter of Sir Thomas Parr, by Alice Tunstall, daughter of Thomas Tunstall, Lancashire” (cited at http://cybergata.com/roots/8255.htm)

According to http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=allerton_manor&id=I15158 , Sir Thomas Strickland is recorded in the following sources: Strickland of Sizergh, by Hornyhold, 1928; Visitation of Lancashire by William Flower, 1567.

M16: PARR(E), Agnes                                     B: c 1443, Kendal, Westmorland
                                                                                M: 1464, Sir Thomas Strickland (Strykland)
                                                                                D: c 1490

                                                Agnes Parr(e)
A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland records Agnes Parr(e) as “daughter of William Parre, son of Sir Thomas Parre”; recent sources, however (including Stirnet), record Agnes as sister of Mabel (Maud) Parr (recorded in Generation 18 as wife of Humphrey Dacre) and, thus, daughter of Sir Thomas Parr(e) and Alice (de) Tunstall, of Kendal Castle. Two further sisters of Agnes -- Margaret, wife of Thomas Radclyffe and Elizabeth, wife of Sir Christopher (de) Moresby (Moriceby) – are recorded in Generation 20.

Agnes is the great-aunt of Catherine Parr (last of the six wives of Henry VIII), of whom Wikipedia writes: “(Catherine) Parr was not only related to (Catherine) Neville by blood, but also by marriage. Catherine's great-aunt, Agnes Parr married Sir Thomas Strickland, son of Sir Walter and Douce Crofte.”


F16: STRICKLAND, Roger                               B:
                                                                                M:             Mary Appleton
                                                                                D: before 26-3-1522
Roger Strickland of Marske

The appelation ‘of Marske’ for Roger Strickland denotes a branch of the original Strickland family of Sizergh; the connection, however, is untraceable, as the name of Roger’s father is not recorded.

Roger Strickland’s will was probated (26-3-1522) in Yorkshire.

M16: APPLETON, Mary                                  B:
                                                                                M:              Roger Strickland

UPCHURCH, Annis (Ann, Agnes)

F16: UPCHURCH, Unknown                         B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

M16: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Upchurch


F16: WALSINGHAM, Sir William                  B: c 1491
                                                                                M: before 1527, Joyce Denny, Chiselhurst, Kent
                                                                                D: March, 1534
Sir William Walsingham

Sir William Walsingham held the position of Sergeant of London, and is credited by ome source as holding the title of “councillor to the Queen”. He was father of the Secretary to Queen Elizabeth, Francis Walsingham (one of the most proficient espionage-weavers in history, excelling in the use of intrigues and deception to secure the English Crown), who is widely considered to be one of the ‘fathers of modern Intelligence’ (Francis Walsingham features prominently in most biographies of Queen Elizabeth I, being a leading protagonist in Anthony Burgess’s A Dead Man in Deptford).
M16: DENNY, Joyce                                         B: 29-7-1495 (or 24-7-1506), Howe, Norfolk
                                                                                M: (i)             Sir John Carey of Plashey            
      (ii) before 1527, Sir William Walsingham
                                                                                D: April, 1559/60. buried 6-4-1559/60, St Mary Aldermenbury, London,
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Sir Edmund Denny. Sir William may have been
                                                                                                                                            her first husband (given his date of death)

WARD(E), Anne

F16: WARDE, Christopher                             B: c 1462, Newby, West Riding, Yorkshire
                                                                                M:              Margaret Gascoigne
                                                                                D: 31-12-1521, Givendale, West Riding, Yorkshire
Sir Christopher Warde.

Made a Knight Banneret by Richard, Duke of Gloucester, in Scotland (c 1482), Sir Christopher Warde was Henry VIII’s standard-bearer; he also held various other positions, including Master of the Hart Hounds,  and Steward of Warplesbone and  Whitley (Surrey).

M16: GASCOIGNE, Margaret                      B:  c 1473, Gawthorpe, Yorkshire
                                                                                M:              Christopher Warde
                                                                                Comments: Margaret Gascoigne is the younger sister of Sir William
                                                                                Gascoigne, husband of Margaret de Percy, who is one of two Sir William
                                                                                de Gascoignes recorded in Generation 19, although they are, in fact, three
                                                                                                                                                                                    generations apart.
WARDLAW, Elizabeth

F16: WARDLAW, Sir Andrew                        B:
                                                                                M: 24-3-1562 (contract), Janet Durie (Dury)

Sir Andrew Wardlaw of Torrie

Sir Andrew Wardlaw was contracted (22-6-1560) to marry Beatrix (daughter of George Leslie, Earl of Rothes). however, the marriage did not take place; instead, he married (by contract 24-3-1562) Janet, daughter of Henry Durie, of that Ilk. On this same day, Sir Andrew entered into a Wadset (with Henry Durie and his own father, Henry) of the lands of Torrie, which lands he eventually inherited as heir to his deceased father (7-6-1576).

M16: DURIE (DURY), Janet                           B:
                                                                                M: 24-3-1562 (contract), Sir Andrew Wardlaw of Torrie
                                                                                Comments: daughter of Henry Durie (Dury) of that Ilk

WEMYSS, Eupheme

F16: WEMYSS, Sir John                                   B: c 1513
                                                                                M: (i) c 20-10-1534, Margaret Ottoburn (Otterburn) (divorced 1556)
                                                                                      (ii)            Janet Trail
                                                                                D: 25-1-1571/2 (one site records 16-11-1593)
                                                                     Sir John Wemyss

Note: The life of Sir John Wemyss has been exhaustively researched and fully-documented in The Move to West Wymess (at http://bally.fortunecity.com/carlow/97/westwemyss.html). All information in the following biography – including the quotes -- has been extracted (with considerable abridging and re-ordering) from this single source.

Sir John Wemyss of that ilk (born c 1513), eldest son of David Wemyss and Katherine Sinclair, was a distinguished soldier and diplomat who played an important part in the events of his time.

John married (before 20-10-1534) Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir Adam Ottoburn (Otterburn) of Redhall (a statesman of some note in the reign of King James V, and provost of the city of Edinburgh at the time Sir David Wemyss and Sir Adam Otterburn arranged the marriage as a stratagem in cementing relations between the two families). On their wedding day the laird of Wemyss (who had agreed to give to the couple “such honest conjunct feftment as was given to his father or grandfather”) made resignation in their favour of his lands of Tillybreak in Fifeshire, and Balball in Forfarshire (they received a crown charter of these lands in the following April). 

On the death (without having made a will) of his father (May, 1544), John became laird of Wemyss, and was appointed by Cardinal David Bethune (Beaton, Betoun) – who is recorded in Generation 17 of this research as partner of Marion (Mariota, Marjory, Margery) Ogilvy (Ogilvie) -- executor dative to his father; he was duly served heir to him in his several lands, and also heir to his paternal aunt (Elizabeth Wemyss), whose executor he became. Scotland was already involved in the troubles which lasted during the minority of Queen Mary. Never siding with the English party and its aspirations, John Wemyss granted to Cardinal David Bethune (archbiship of St. Andrews and primate of Scotland) his bond of manrent, and received from him in return from a bond of maintenance (his conduct may have arisen, in part, from the fact that the Cardinal was his feudal superior in certain lands); thus, with his kin, friends, and servants, the laird became bound to defend the person, honour, and possessions of the cardinal in all causes, receiving, in return, protection and counsel in all his lawful affairs.

In May, 1544, John was in arms against the Governor Arran with the Earl of Glencairn at Glasgow, sharing his leader’s defeat. In November of that year, two rival parliaments met in Scotland: one (at Stirling) convened by the queen-regent, the other (at Edinburgh) by the Governor Arran. John Wemyss took part in the work of the Edinburgh parliament (as stated in Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, vol. ii, page 446), and was also frequently summoned to military service with the governor. 

In October, 1545, he was required to appear at Dumfries “with ane gude and substantious company” of his ”kin, freindis and seruandis,” for the recovery (from the English) of the castle of Carlaverock, “and to do the office of ane trew noble barroun of this realme.” Exactly a year later he was again summoned by the governor (along with “all his friends and people he could raise, and with all the small artillery he had, and powder and carriages”), to attend at St. Andrews in order to resist an attempt by the English to relieve the castle there, which was then being held out against Arran by the slayers of Cardinal Beaton. 

John and his followers received a further commission (July, 1547) to the borders to repel an English invasion, but, when he reached the camp at Peebles, he obtained a dispensation allowing a number of his retainers to remain at Wemyss for the defence of the castle and homestead in case of attack. On August 3, the castle was honoured by a first visit from the queen-dowager, and the opportunity was taken by the laird to obtain, on behalf of his relatives, certain grants: letters of legitimation for his natural brother, James Wemyss (confirmed by a later document granted at Edinburgh, in which not only James, but another natural brother (Patrick), three sons of the laird himself, a son of his brother, Robert (John Wemyss), and William, the son of William Wemyss (deceased), were similarly legitimate); a gift (made at Dundee on 4-12-1547) of the echeated estate and movables of his neighbour (David Abercromby of Cameron), who had absented himself from the expedition (at the end of 1547) for the recapture of Broughty Castle from the English, under the Earls of Argyll and Arran; and another gift which doubled upon a transaction of his own: with a view to the marriage of his eldest son and heir to Margaret Kirkcaldy (daughter of the laird of Grange, a neighbouring Fifeshire baron), he had sold to that laird, for 1000 merks, “for some temporary accommodations”, the right of his son’s marriage. Kirkealdy was later forfeited for complicity in the death of Cardinal Beaton, and the queen-regent now bestowed upon John the right of his son’s marriage, with the sum of 500 merks (which he had received as part payment of the price of it from Kirkcaldy). 

John Wemyss was taken prisoner at the battle of Pinkie Cleugh (10-9-1547), but liberated soon after, and the next year distinguished himself by repulsing a body of English soldiers who tried to obtain a footing in Fife by landing at St. Monans. He was required (by letter from the queen) to remain upon the south coasts of Fife for the purpose of resisting the English, and “greatly distinguished himself in the valiant repulse of a large body of English soldiers” attempting to land on the Fifeshire coast.

Lesley’s History of Scotland states that the laird of Wemyss, being somewhat sickly, had returned from the camp to Wemyss Castle, where he caused such watch to be kept, day and night, that no attempt to land could be made by the English without detection. John himself was the first to observe such an attempt: having made a pre-dawn inspection of the watch on the very night the English admiral (Lord Clinton) had proposed to land his troops, and seeing lights and commotion among the English vessels, he “divined their intention, and took means to prevent it”: arousing the men in and about St. Monans (“who did not muster above sixscore”) and stationing the greater part of them at the most effective points of resistance at that place, he proceeded two miles along the coast with the remainder to make closer ovservation of the proceedings, returning soon afterwards to St. Monans and drawing up his men in order to await their approach. 

The English landed at dawn; by pre-arrangement, John and his men retired behind some trenches in which they kindled a collection of ferns, straw, and other materials, making a great smoke, under cover of which they fired on the invaders with three small pieces of artillery which they had with them. Two simultaneous attacks were made on the English from two sides; the smoke prevented them seeing that the second body was “but a heterogeneous mass of non-combatants, men, women, and children, appointed by the laird for a very effective ruse de guerre”. The Englishmen turned and fled to their ships, pursued by the Scots, who slew them even as they struggled in the water; of a thousand who landed, not three hundred returned to the fleet. Lord Clinton himself only escaped with difficulty, immediately giving orders to set sail. 

So great was the effect of this repulse that, during the rest of the war, no further attempt was made to land in Fife (in Buchanan’s account, the chief part in the fray is given to James Stewart, brother of Queen Mary; however, a third account -- Tyler’s History of Scotland, vol. iv. p. 419 – says: “the English invaders were encountered and defeated with great slaughter by the laird of Wemyss, assisted by the Lord James, who, on the first intelligence of danger, had mustered the strength of Fife, and here first gave a proof of that cool and determined character which afterwards raised him to such a height of power”). It is probably no coincidence that a pinnace, sunk at St. Monans about the time of this engagement, was, when recovered, gifted -- with all its artillery and fittings --  to John Wemyss by Patrick, Earl of Bothwell, admiral of Scotland.

Upon her appointment as regent, the queen-dowager had attempted to impose upon the people of Scotland an unpopular tax, which was accepted only because none of the nobles would risk initiating opposition to the regent. The lesser barons, three hundred of whom had assembled in the Abbey Church of Holyrood at Edinburgh, despatched two of their number to the Queen and her council in an (ultimately successful) attempt to have the tax withdrawn: the two commissioners were John Wemyss and James Sandilands of Calder, whom Lesley represents as two of the most ancient barons; Keith, meanwhile, extols their great prudence and moderation.

For reasons unknown, John Wemyss instituted proceedings to procure a divorce from his first wife, Margaret Ottoburn (Otterburn) in 1556, subsequently (before 21-2-1557/8) marrying a second wife, Janet, daughter of Alexander Trail of Blebo, and widow of John Ramsay of Ardbekie (who had been killed at Pinkie). She is called ‘Lady of Lumbeny’ in a charter by her son (James Ramsay of Ardbekie) to his sister, Elizabeth (and her husband, John Bonar), of the lands of Culle, in which their mother and the laird of Wemyss were concerned.

John Wemyss’s health failed with advancing age; when he was summoned (1557) to proceed on military sevice to Fala-moor, his physicians warned him that his life was in peril if he caught cold. For the same reason, he obtained, at this time, a licence from the archbishop of St. Andrews to eat flesh, eggs, and dairy food during Lent and other fasting times (his wife, Janet Trail, and his brother, David, were included in the privilege).

The queen-regent seems to have laid a special value on the assistance and counsel of the laird; besides his sevices in the field, she frequently required his attendance as a privy councillor. As the Reformation crisis approached, he stood with her in the conflict between the crown and the lords of the congregation (who -- his brother, David, among them -- demanded that he should “subscribe the covenant”, seeing he was, “ane of the principale baronis of the cuntre,” or else be accounted by them an enemy to the commonwealth). For their part, they agreed to exempt him from field service, on condition he sent his son and servants, still he remained in opposition to them.

To ensure his further steadfastness, John received, from Queen Mary, a commission appointing him (9-1-1559/60) as her lieutenant of the counties of Fife, Kinross and Clackmannan, in order to conduct measures there against the Reformers. She again visited Wemyss Castle (February 1564/65), where she met and courted her future husband, Lord Darnley (having made arrangements for him to visit her there); a memorial of this visit --  in the form of a sculptured medallion of the head of Queen Mary, installed in the front wall of the castle -- still survived at Wemyss Castle in 1888. 

Wemyss Castle was used, during John Wemyss’s lairdship, as a place of safe-keeping for prominent Borderers who had been taken hostage (it was common practice to distribute these over the country to ensure the good behaviour of the rest of their clan and kin). Sir John had been required (1555) to entertain George Davidson in this capacity, and in 1569 four Elliots and four Armstrongs were all placed, by the Regent Murray, under his care. 

Sir John took part in the battle of Langside (May 1568). Under the regency of James, Earl of Morton, he supported the cause of Queen Mary against King James (her son), and declared for Kirkcaldy of Grange (her champion), as a consequence of which he was charged “to enter his person in ward” (Bannatyne’s Memorials (p. 218) states, however, that he died before the command could be obeyed).

M16: OTTOBURN (OTTERBURN), Margaret                                  
B: 1517
                                                                                M:  c 20-10-1534, Sir John Wemyss (divorced 1556)
D: 1567
Comments: daughter of Sir Adam Ottoburn (Otterburn)


F16: WENTWORTH, Sir Nicholas                 B: c 1482
                                                                                M: 1525, Lillingstone Lovell (Buckinghamshire), Jane (Joan, Joanne)
                                                                                                                                                                Josselyn (Josseleyne, Jocelyn)
                                                                                D: 3-2-1557
                                                                                Sir Nicholas Wentworth

Sir Nicholas Wentworth held the office of chief porter of Calais (he is variously styled ‘Chief Porter’, ‘Master Porter’ and ‘Knight Porter’), and was knighted by King Henry VIII at the siege of Boulogne (1544). His will probate was dated 24-6-1557 (given as his date of death by some researchers). He held Lillingstone (which he acquired by exchange with the king for lands in Northamptonshire) for only eleven years; upon his death, his wife went to live with their youngest son, Paul, at Burnham Abbey.

M16: JOSSELYN (JOSSELEYN, JOCELYN), Jane (Joan, Joanne)                                       
B: c 1509, Newhall, Boreham, Essex
                                                                                M: 1525, Lillingstone Lovell (Buckinghamshire), Sir Nicholas Wentworth
                                                                                D: August, 1569. Buried 26-8-1569 at Burnham Church.

                                                                                Jane (Joan) (Joane) Josselyn (Josseleyne) (Jocelyn)

“In the Visitation of Essex, 1612, under Josselyn # 1 and Josselyn # 2, a Nicholas Wentworth married a daughter of John Josselyn, d 1525, and Philippa Bradbury, daughter of William. In #2 she is identified as Jane.” (Robert S Baxter, rsbaxter@bellsouth.net).

Jane (Joan, Joanne) was the sister of Sir Thomas Josselyn, K.B.

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