12, 13

Generation 12

                                                                                BURGESS, Unknown
                                                            CHICHLEY, Joseph
                                                            COCHRANE, William
                                                            CROSBIE (CROSBY), Jannet (Jane)
                                                            CURWEN, Sir Henry
                                                            DOCWRA (DOCKERELL, DOCKERILL), James
                                                            DOUGLAS, Isabel(la)
                                                            FISHER, Unknown
                                                            FULTON, William
                                                            GRAHAM, James
                                                            HILL, Unknown
                                                            JEFFERSON, Winifred
                                                            KENNEDY, Catherine
                                                            LAWSON, William
                                                            LIDDELL, Barbara
                                                            LOWTHER, Mary
                                                            NIGHTINGALE, William
                                                            POTTINGER, Unknown
                                                            PRESTON, George
                                                            SANDERSON, Samuel
                                                            SEARLE, William
                                                            SELL, William
                                                            STAMFORD, John
                                                            STRICKLAND, Milcah (Milcha, Mildred)


F12: BURGESS, Unknown                             B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown

M12: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:               Unknown Burgess

CHICHLEY, Elizabeth

F12: CHICHLEY, Joseph                                   B: c 1633
                                                                                M:             Ann Unknown

M12: UNKNOWN, Ann                                  B: c 1633
                                                                                M:             Joseph Chichley


F12: COCHRANE, William                               B:
                                                                                M:             Lady Catherine Kennedy
                                                                                D: 25-8-1679

                                                                                William Cochrane, Master of Dundonald

Styled as ‘Lord Cochrane’, William Cochrane gained the rank of Captain of the Horse Guards, and was subsequently invested as a Privy Councillor. He had four sons and three daughters;  eldest daughter, Margaret (sister of second son, William, Generation 8), born before 1661, married Alexander Montgomerie, 9th Earl of Eglinton; a possible link to Sarah Eglinton, often confused with Sarah Eggleton, first-born daughter of William Eggleton and Mary Dickenson (Generation 7), the first Australian-born member of this family (see research in Generation 6).

William Cochrane pre-deceased his father, Sir William Cochrane of Cowdon (Generation 13), the 1st earl of Dundonald; his son, William (Generation 11), therefore, inheited the title of 2nd Earl.

M12: KENNEDY, Catherine                           B: c 1637
                                                                                M:             William Cochrane, Master of Dundonald
                                                                                D: February, 1700 (buried 15-2-1700, Greyfriars Cemetery, Greyfriars,
                                                                                                                                                                                    Edinburgh, Midlothian )

CURWEN, Thomas

F12: CURWEN, Sir Henry                               B: May, 1528
M: (i) c 1548, Mary Fairfax, daughter of Nicholas Fairfax, of Gilling and
      (ii)            Katherine (Catherine) Lambton (died 1575)
                                                                                      (iii)  c 1590, Jannet (Jane) Crosbie (Crosby)
                                                            D: 25-12-1597 (some sources record 1592).
Sir Henry Curwen.

Note: The following biography of Sir Henry Curwen has been included twice in this research: in Generation 12, as husband of Jannet Crosbie and father of Thomas Curwen (Generation 11), and in Generation 16, as husband of Mary Fairfax and father of Thomas Curwen’s half-sister, Agnes Curwen (Generation 15). His genealogical line will continue from this present entry.
When Thomas Curwen, Henry Curwen’s father (Generation 13) died (1543), he left instructions in his will that Sir Thomas Wharton (Lord Wharton), Walter Strickland, and John Preston should be appointed guardians of his eldest son, Henry (who must, by that time, have almost attained his majority).  Another provision in his will states that “Also I gifif and bequethes unto my doughter Agnes Curwen a standing cuppe with a covering doble gilted”. The reference is almost certainly to Agnes Wharton, daughter of his brother-in-law (possibly father-in-law), Sir Thomas Wharton; ten years previously (2-10-1534) a licence was granted to the Dean of the Chapel of the Earl of Northumberland to marry Henry Curwen and Agnes Wharton in the chapel of Topcliffe, “ad contemplationem ejusdem comitis.” Since Henry and Agnes would have been little more than infants at this time, it seems that this marriage was a stratagem to strengthen the union between the two families (Thomas’s second marriage was to Florence Wharton, either the sister or daughter of Sir Thomas Wharton); no further record of the ‘marriage’ of the two children exists (apart from the already-mentioned bequest in the will), and Henry’s first recorded marriage (to Mary Fairfax) was around 14 years later.

In all, Sir Henry Curwen was officially married three times; the daughter of his first marriage (to Mary Fairfax, c 1548), is Agnes Curwen (born c 1554), wife of James Bellingham (Generation 15); the genealogical line of Mary Fairfax, therefore, will continue with her entry in Generation 16. Sir Henry’s third marriage, to Jannet (Jane) Crosbie, is reported to have occurred as early as 1553, but daughter Agnes’s birth (to his first wife, yet a year after the presumed date of his second marriage), plus the fact that Henry and Jannet’s son, Thomas (Generation 11), is recorded as being born in 1590 – thirty-seven years later, by which time Sir Henry was aged 61 – make this date highly unlikely (the records, in fact, show an even later-born child of Sir Henry and Jannet: Bridget, recorded as born 1594 -- by which time Sir Henry would have been at least 65 years old -- which would make it unlikely that Jannet was even born by 1553). There are no children recorded for the marriage to Katherine (Catherine) Lambton.

This problem with dating of the records is carried through into the numbering of the generations, not only of the Curwen family, but of the Bellingham, Lowther, and Preston families, with whom the Curwens are repeatedly linked by marriage. Sir Henry’s name, for instance, occurs in two generations in addition to this current one: his sister, Margaret Curwen, married John Preston, the younger brother of Christopher Preston (1520 - 1594), who is recorded (as husband of Margaret Southworth) in Generation 16; his daughter, Agnes, instead of occurring (conveniently for the compiler of family research chronologies) in Generation 11, is recorded as far back as Generation 15 as grandmother of Elizabeth Bellingham (wife of John Lowther, Generation 13), whose daughter, Mary, married George Preston (Generation 12), who is the great-great-grandson of Christopher Preston and Margaret Southworth. Agnes’s husband, James Bellingham (Generation 15), is the great-great grandson of Sir Robert Bellingham and Elizabeth Tunstall (Generation 19); yet Sir Robert Bellingham and Elizabeth Tunstall are, in turn, recorded also in Generation 17 as great-grandparents of Margaret Bellingham (Generation 14), who is not only a cousin of James Bellingham’s father, Alan, but also -- by virtue of her marriage to Christopher Curwen – the grandmother of Sir Henry Curwen and great-grandmother of Agnes. Thus, Agnes has Sir Robert Bellingham and Elizabeth Tunstall as her direct ancestor (six generations removed), and as the ancestor of her husband (four generations removed).

To further complicate the connections, Agnes and James’s great-granddaughter, Mary Lowther -- wife of George Preston (born 1642, Generation 12), as shown above – can claim Sir Henry as her great-great grandfather, and his sister, Margaret, as her great-great grandmother, through two separate lines, since her husband is the great-grandson of Christopher Preston, whose brother, John, is, in turn, the husband of Margaret Curwen. Mary Lowther’s great-great-great-great-great grandfather, John Lowther, married Lucy Curwen (Generation 19), who is the sister of the Christopher Curwen of Generation 14 who married Margaret Bellingham.

These difficulties notwithstanding, the dates of birth, marriage, and death of Sir Henry Curwen would make it likely that it is he who is referred to in the following passage (from The Ghostly Guide to the Lake District): “The Curwens prospered during Tudor times and (Workington) Hall became very grand. Its most famous visitor was Mary Queen of Scots. She escaped from her sister, Elizabeth in 1568 and fled from Scotland, crossing the Solway in a fishing boat. She was given safe haven by the Curwens. Many of the Cumbrian nobility were still Catholics in those days. After only one night, Elizabeth brought her influence to bear and Mary was led off to captivity again in Carlisle. However in her gratitude she gave Sir Henry Curwen an agate cup. This was the Luck of Workington and was kept by the Curwens until the line ran out”.

Sir Henry Curwen represented Cumberland in Parliament during both the 6th year of the reign of Edward VI, and the first year of the 
reign of Elizabeth. Knighted at Carlisle (28-8-1570) by the Earl of Somerset, he “was Sheriff of Cumberland, 3 or 4, 12 or 13, 22, 24, 31,
 and 32 Elizabeth, and Knight of the Shire for that County, 7 Edward VI., 2 and 3 Philip and Mary, and 5 Elizabeth” (William Jackson, 
c 1866, Publications, at http://www.archive.org/stream/publications05cumb/publications05cumb_djvu.txt) His will (dated 7-10-1595, 
confirmed18-10-1595, and proved at York, 31-1-1597) “bears witness of his thoughtful affection towards his second wife and her family
….he leaves amongst the two sons and five daughters an annuity of ninety-four pounds, remainder amongst the survivors; the result 
being that Bridget, the youngest daughter, who died unmarried, enjoyed the whole for many years previous to her death, January 12th, 
1681, at the age of 87, having survived her father 85 years…Sir Henry had previously, on March 30th, 1594, bought in the joint names 
of himself and his second son, Thomas, by this marriage, the customary estate of Sellowe Park from Thomas Fleming, who, up to that 
time, had been its owner and occupant….. about his burial and burial place:  ‘I will my bodie shall be buried in the Chantrie of the church
 side of the Church of Workington and as nigh to the place as may be whereas my first wife was buried, and for all other things touching
 my funerall and buriall I do referre the same to the discrecon of my executors and the supvisors of this my last will such executors and
 supervisors I hope will bring me forth according to my calling for theire owne creditt sake’.”(William Jackson, op. cit.)
M12: CROSBIE (CROSBY), Jannet (Jane) B:
                                                                                M:               Sir Henry Curwen of Workington Hall.
                                                                                D: after 1624

                                                                                Jannet (Jane) Crosbie (Crosby)

There is little information, but considerable speculation, regarding the life of Jannet (Jane) Crosbie (Crosby), who is recorded in some research as having married, as a second husband, Christopher Crakeplace, and having resided at Crakeplace Hall as ‘Lady Jane Curwen’ (researcher Chris Dickinson notes (12-10-2006, at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/ENG-CUL-COPELAND/2006-10/1160630601) that “the 1628 will of Oswald Woodhall of Branthwaite Edge (a neighbour to Crakeplace Hall) makes a bequest of four shillings to 'Ladie Jane Curwen of Crakeplace Hall'.”

However, researcher ‘Michael’ (‘mjcar’), 12-10-2006, at  http://listsearches.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2006-10/1160655351, writes: “Christopher Crakeplace the younger appears to have died circa 12 Charles I (1636-7) - assuming that the Chancery references are to an IPM…. thus, the Jane Curwen at Crakeplace in 1628 is unlikely to have been the same as Jane, wife of Christopher the younger in 1620 - unless the Scots custom of referring to a wife by her maiden name was in use in Cumbria at the time, and the style ‘Lady’ merely refers to a gentlewoman and not a Knight's wife or higher peer's daughter, which seems most unlikely.” Delving further, Chris Dickinson (12-10-2006, at http://listsearches.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2006-10/1160674864)  says, of ‘Ladie Jane Curwen of Crakeplace Hall’, that “My original and immediate thought had been that she was a widow of Sir Henry Curwen of Workington Hall, but ….he seems to have been married to a Catherine and Margaret…. the second wife of Sir Henry's father, Sir Henry (died 1597), (was) Janet Crosby ….There was a yeoman Crosby family at Lowmoor, a farm directly south of Crakeplace Hall. I find it doubtful that Sir Henry would have married that much below his station, but it's not impossible. It would explain why she came to live at Crakeplace Hall - close to her family but an entirely suitable residence (and probably quite a comfortable home as it was brand new). It would also explain why Oswald Woodhall gave her something in his will.”  In a follow-up post (13-10-2006, http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/ENG-CUL-COPELAND/2006-10/1160735109), he adds: “she could have been a mere teenager when she married the ancient knight….. What I suspect happened was.... Janet Crosby of Lowmoor became a member of the Workington Hall staff, had a fling with her employer, married and had children, remained at Workington Hall until Crakeplace Hall was built in 1612, and moved there sometime between 1612 and 1624 to be close to her family at Lowmoor.”


B: c 1632
                                                                                M:             Grace Unknown
                                                                                D: before 17-2-1682
                                                                                Comments: Recorded at burial and daughter Ann’s baptism and son
                                                                                                                                                                John’s burial as ‘Jacobus’.

M12: UNKNOWN, Grace                               B: c 1630
                                                                                M:             James Docwra (Dockerell, Dockerill)
                                                                                D: before 24-3-1696


F12: FISHER, Unknown                                  B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

M12: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Fisher

FULTON, Unknown

F12: FULTON, William                                     B: 1600, Ayrshire, Scotland.
                                                            M: 1622, in Deriaghy (Lisburn). Elizabeth Unknown
                                                            D: 1638, Lisburn.

                                                                                William Fulton ‘of Kilkenny’

Sir Theodore C Hope, 1903, in Memoirs of the Fultons of Lisburn (at 
http://www.archive.org/stream/memoirsoffultons00hope/memoirsoffultons00hope_djvu.txt) writes: “William Fulton ‘of Kilkenny’…..  
who died in 1638, I thus take to be the name of the man who, as will presently be seen, was the father of the leading members of the 
Lisburn colony. Among them there are indications of Robert, Hugh, and Thomas having been the names of the generation above them, 
who may have accompanied William in the original migration. But once we are past the initial generation, we find the members of the 
colony to be numerous, and very fairly recognizable by the entries in registers of their domestic events. John and Richard are the two 
persons whose names, as soon as we enter on the period when local records begin to be found extant, stand out conspicuously in the 
parochial registers of Lisburn and its adjacent parish of Derriaghy, and in records of the Conway-Seymour-Hertford estates. John must
have been born circa 1623, Richard in the year following; while probably a James, and more clearly Thomas and William, were younger
brothers (It is not known which of the sons mentioned above (born c 1619) took up land in Ulster and became the father of Rev Robert 
Fulton, recorded in Generation 10).
Hope (op. cit.) notes that William Fulton is “supposed… to have been a son of ….’Mr. Doctor Fulton’, as his age at death and mention in 
the pedigree would indicate.” This present research will follow this interpretation.
M12: UNKNOWN, Elizabeth                        B:
                                                                                M: 1622, Deriaghy, Lisburn. William Fulton.
                                                                                D: Buried 31-7-1674 (recorded in the Lisburn Cathedral Register).

GRAHAM, Grizel

F12: GRAHAM, James                                    B: 1633
                                                                                M: 20-12-1656, Isabel(la) Douglas
                                                                                D: February, 1669 (buried 23-4-1669)
James Graham, 2nd Marquess of Montrose.

The following account of the life of James Graham, 2nd Marquess of Montrose, known as ‘James the Good’ -- eldest son of James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose (known as ‘the Great Marquess’), a political enemy of (and eventually executed by) his sister-in-law’s husband, the 1st Marquess of Argyll --  is extracted (with editing) from James Balfour Paull (ed.), 1909, The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom (at http://www.archive.org/stream/scotspeeragefoun06pauluoft/scotspeeragefoun06pauluoft_djvu.txt):

“James, second Marquess of Montrose, was born in the year 1633, during his father's absence in France….he was brought to his father 
at Perth after Tippermuir, September 1644, but he was left at school at Montrose before the battle of Aberdeen. He had no sooner 
become Lord Graham, by the death of his elder brother in February 1645, than he was seized by the orders of the Committee of Estates
and imprisoned with his tutor in Edinburgh Castle. Petitioning to be released on account of the plague, on 7 August 1645 an order was 
pronounced for his delivery to the Earl of Dalhousie to be educated, Lord Carnegie being security for his good behaviour. It is said by 
Saintserf that he at this time nobly refused to be exchanged lest it should cost his father the benefit of a prisoner …. The minutes of the 
General Assembly of date 4 December 1648, containing a recommendation as to the course to be taken for his college education, show
that Lord Graham was then still in the power of the Estates; but he must shortly afterwards have escaped or been allowed to go to 
Flanders, where he was at his father's death. After this he was, with his servants, ‘boarded and entertained' for two years by his cousin 
Captain Harry Graham, a grandson of the Rector of Killearn, who had been for some time an officer of a Scots regiment in the Dutch 
service, and from whom he no doubt received his military education. 
Being neglected by the exiled court, he returned, in 1652, to Scotland, and obtained possession, to some extent, of his Perthshire 
estates. About the end of the following year, in response to a personal appeal by the exiled King, he joined in the ineffectual attempt 
of the Earl of Glencairn and General Middleton against the Commonwealth. From articles of capitulation entered into on his behalf by 
Sir Robert Graham of Morphie and John Graham, younger of Fintry, with General Monk, dated 23 September 1654…. the Marquess, 
upon giving security within fourteen days to Colonel Ralph Cobbett, Governor of Dundee, for 3000, was allowed to enjoy his estates, 
both real and personal, so far as they had not been disposed of by the Parliament, without trouble or molestation, with liberty, within 
six months, to raise a regiment of 1000 foot for service abroad with any prince or state in amity with the Commonwealth of England, 
and to recruit once in three years. 
The Marquess was at this time almost without resources, but being generously assisted by his kinsmen and friends, he was enabled not
only to buy back the castle and barony of Mugdock from the Marquess of Argyll and Lord Neil Campbell in 1655, and to settle there, 
when the place was made habitable (Kincardine Castle, burned by the army of the Estates in 1646, has never been restored), but also, 
in the following year, to purchase from David Graham of Fintry the lands of that name in Stirlingshire, which had also originally belonged
 to his ancestors. The tutors of John Graham of Olaverhouse …. reconveying to him the remainder of the family estates which the 
deceased Sir William Graham had acquired in trust from the Committee of Estates, subject to the encumbrances, the 'Marquess 
obtained a charter of his whole estates from the Lord Protector Cromwell, in which he is styled ‘ James Graham now ordinarly designed 
Marquess of Montrose', dated 28 August 1656. 
The Restoration brought the change which might have been expected in the fortunes of the second Marquess of Montrose. He went to 
London and greeted the King, who, in part satisfaction of his father's losses, made him a grant of 10,000 sterling, payable by yearly 
instalments out of the customs of Glasgow, 26 September 1660. His Majesty further, by a patent under the Great Seal, dated at 
Whitehall 12 October, ratified and confirmed the patent of Charles I and of new created the Marquess and the heirs-male of his body 
Marquesses of Montrose, Earls of Kincardine, Lords Graham and Mugdock, with rank and precedency from 6 May 1644. 
In the Parliament which sat on 1 January 1661, and which, on 8 February rescinded the forfeiture of his father, the Marquess on 16 
April obtained a decree against Argyll for 100,664, 3s. 4d. Scots, consisting of the rents of Mugdock and other lands intromitted with by 
Argyll, the price paid to the latter for the reconveyance of Mugdock and interest ..… At the trial of Argyll for treason in May 1661, the 
Marquess of Montrose refused to vote, owning that he had too much resentment to judge in the matter. A few years later he 
redisponed Cowall to the new Earl of Argyll, restored by the King to his father's original honours. 
The second Marquess of Montrose was served heir of his father on 30 May 1665…. in the following year he came to an arrangement 
with his friends, who had settled with the numerous creditors of his father, by which the whole debts, very carefully detailed and 
scheduled, were paid or secured. Unfortunately, this settlement necessitated the sale of the family estates in Forfarshire, Old Montrose,
and Fullerton, which now finally passed out of the family…. The Marquess made his residence at Mugdock Castle, which he enlarged 
and improved, and he there entertained the Earl of Middleton, the Commissioner, and some of the Council attending the Convention 
in Glasgow which has been called the 'Drunken Parliament’, October 1662. He never held any office of state, but was appointed an 
Extraordinary Lord of Session 25 June 1668. He was, according to Wood, 'a man of honour and probity, so great a lover of justice, and 
so strict in the observance of his word and promise, that none was ever more worthy of the title of an honest man. To distinguish him 
from his great predecessor, he was known as the good Marquess, a title by which he was long affectionately remembered’. He died at 
Mugdock in February 1669, aged thirty-five, and was buried at Aberuthven on 23 April following. 
The Marquess married (contract 15 and 30 November and 2, 4, 12, and 20 December 1656) Isabella Douglas, daughter of William, ninth Earl of Morton, and widow of Robert, first Earl of Roxburghe.”

M12: DOUGLAS, Isabel(la)                           B:
                                                                                M: (i)                     Robert Ker, 1st Earl of Roxburghe
                                                                              (ii) 20-12-1656, James Graham, 2nd Marquess of Montrose
                                                                                D: 16-12-1672 (one source records 16-1-1650)

                                                        Isabel(la) Douglas

Daughter of the 7th (often recorded as 9th) Earl of Morton, and sister of Lady Margaret Douglas -- who was married to the 1st Marquess of Argyll, responsible for the execution of Isabel(la)’s father-in-law, James Graham (Generation 13) – Isabel(la) Douglas, after her second husband’s death, bought from Sir Ludovick Stewart of Minto “his 'great mansion' in the Drygate of Glasgow, and made it her principal residence. The family inheritance being still much impoverished, she in May 1671 made a journey to London with her three eldest children, and presenting them at the Court, obtained for them, with the aid of the Earl and Countess of Lauderdale, substantial marks of royal favour. This excellent lady died on 16 December 1672: she was buried at Aberuthven on 23 January following” (James Balfour Paull (ed.), 1909, The Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, at http://www.archive.org/stream/scotspeeragefoun06pauluoft/scotspeeragefoun06pauluoft_djvu.txt).

HILL, Elizabeth

F12: HILL, Unknown                                        B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

M12: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Hill

LAWSON, Sir Wilfred

F12: LAWSON, William                                   B: 1635
                                                                                M: 1662, Milcah (Milcha, Mildred) Strickland
                                                                                Comments: assumed to have pre-deceased his father, Sir Wilfrid Lawson,
                                                                                as the baronetcy passed directly from Sir Wilfid to William’s son, Wilfred
(Generation 11). William’s marriage to Milcah (Milcha, Mildred) Strickland is recorded in  
Paver's Marriage Licenses, Vol XLIII, by John W Clay (1909),  
_djvu.txt:  “1662. …. William Lawson, Esq., 26, Isell, co. Cumberland, and Milcha Strickland, 
spinster, 24, Boynton.”

M12: STRICKLAND, Milcah (Milcha, Mildred)           
B: c 1638
                                                                                M:  1662, William Lawson
                                                                                Comments: the third of four daughters of her father’s first marriage (the
                                                                                other three were Frances, who married Barington Bourchier; Margaret,
                                                                                who married Sir John Cockeran (Cockrane) of Ochiltree; and Elizabeth,
                                                                                who married William St Quintin). Her half-brother, Thomas, became their
                                                                                                                                                                                    father’s son and heir.

F12: NIGHTINGALE, William                         B: c 1625
                                                                                M:             Mary Unknown

M12: UNKNOWN, Mary                                B:
                                                                                M:             William Nightingale


F12: POTTINGER, Unknown                      B:
                                                                                M:               Unknown

M12: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown Pottinger

PRESTON, Elizabeth

F12: PRESTON, George                                  B: c 1642
                                                                                M: 4-7-1667, Mary Lowther (in Lowther Parish Register)
                                                                                D: October, 1685 (buried 24-10-1685)
George Preston of Holker

Termed ‘George the younger’ (as his grandfather was also named ‘George’), George Preston married, at Priory Church, Cartmel 
(Lancashire), Mary Lowther of Hackthorpe Hall.
George Preston died with only a daughter to succeed him; consequently, Holker passed to his brother, Thomas Preston (born 1646).

M12: LOWTHER, Mary                                    B:
                                                                                M: (i) 4-7-1667, George Preston (in Lowther Parish Register)
                                                                                       (ii) 2-4-1677, John Lowther of Dantzic               
                                                                                D: 23-10-1724
                                                                                Comments: ‘of Hackthorpe Hall’. Only sister of Lord Viscount Lonsdale


F12: SANDERSON, Samuel                            B: 1581, Brancepeth, Durham.
                                                            M:  18-12-1610, Barbara Liddell
                                                            D: July, 1650.
                                                            Comments: Resided at Hedley Hope (‘Hedleyhope’), Durham. An
                                                                                unknown sister to Helena married twice, the 2nd time (1660) to John
                                                                                                                                                                Emerson, Mayor of Newcastle.

M12: LIDDELL, Barbara                                   B: c 1595. Christened 4-12-1595, Newcastle.
                                                            M:              Samuel Sanderson of Hedley Hope (Hedleyhope).
                                                            D: 16-8-1672, Hedley Hope, Durham. Buried 17-8-1672, Lanchester.

F12: SEARLE, Unknown                                  B:
                                                                                M:            Unknown

M12: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:            Unknown Searle

SELL, John

F12: SELL, William                                             B: c 1620, Bassingbourn, Cambridgeshire
                                                                                M: 11-4-1644, Hatley St George, Cambridgeshire, Winifred Jefferson
                                                                                D: before 19-9-1669
                                                                                Comments: from the research of Lois Willis, 1-11-2020, at http://www.loiswillis.com/getperson.php?personID=I4503&tree=2

M12: JEFFERSON, Winifred                          B: c 1620
                                                                                M: 11-4-1644, Hatley St George, Cambridgeshire, William Sell
                                                                                D: before 31-8-1682
Comments: from the research of Lois Willis, 3-12-2009, at http://www.loiswillis.com/getperson.php?personID=I4504&tree=2


F12: STAMFORD, John                                   B: c 1618
                                                                                M:             Unknown
                                                                                D: c 1664, Kneesworth, Cambridgeshire

M12: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             John Stamford

Generation 13

                                  BELLINGHAM, Elizabeth
                                                            CARNEGIE, Magdalen
                                                            CHICHLEY, Unknown
                                                            CHOLMLEY, Margaret
                                                            COCHRANE, Sir William
                                                            CROSBIE, Unknown
                                                            CURWEN, Sir Thomas
                                                            DOCWRA (DOCKERILL), Jasper
                                                            DOUGLAS, William
                                                            FAIRCHILD, Ann
                                                            FULTON, Rev. Dr.
                                                            GRAHAM, James
                                                            HAMILTON, Jean
                                                            HOGHTON, Katherine
                                                            JEFFERSON, Unknown
                                                            KEITH, Anne
                                                            KENNEDY, John
                                                            LAWRENCE, Mary
                                                            LAWSON, Sir Wilfrid
                                                            LIDDELL, Thomas
                                                            LOWTHER, John
                                                            MITFORD, Jane
                                                            MUSGRAVE, Jane
                                                            NIGHTINGALE, Unknown
                                                            PRESTON, Thomas
                                                            SANDERSON, Henry
                                                            SCOTT, Eupheme (Euphanie)
                                                            SELL, Unknown
                                                            STAMFORD, Unknown
                                                            STRICKLAND, Agnes
                                                            STRICKLAND, Sir William                             


F13: CHICHLEY, Unknown                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

M13: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Chichley


F13: COCHRANE, Sir William                         B:
                                                                                M:              Eupheme (Euphanie) of Ardoss Scott
                                                                                D: 1686

                                                                                Sir William Cochrane of Cowdon

Sir William Cochrane was the second son of his father, Alexander Blair, and, as such, was not expected to succeed to the family estates. However, his elder brother, John Cochrane (described in ‘Cochrane, Earl of Dundonald’, http://www.clancochrane.org/DundonaldLineage.htm as “a man of singular worth and hornour, a firm and steady friend of King Charles I….a colonel in his army, and in great favour with his majesty” , died, without issue, while supporting Charles I’s successor, Charles II, during his exile; whereupon, William, as second son, inherited the family estates, and embarked on a career as distinguished as that of his brother. Information on Sir William’s life is extracted (with minor corrections) from the above-cited ‘Cochrane, Earl of Dundonald’, which described him as

“…..a man of great parts and learning, and though, in the beginning of the civil war, he appeared to be on the parliament’s side, and was for some time employed to their service, yet he was inviolably attached to the interest of the royal family. He eminently distinguished himself in their service upon every occasion; particularly in the parliament of 1647, of which he was a member, and none was more forward than Sir William in calling forces for the relief of the king, who, on account of his great merit and faithful service, was pleased to raise him to the dignity of the peerage by the title of Lord Cochrane, by patent to the heirs-male of his body, dated Scarborough, 27th December 1647.

Some little time thereafter he aquired the lordship of Paisley, which became one of the chief feats of the family, and where he afterwards lived in great splendor and magnificence; 2nd though it is alledged by the bishop of Guthrie, that he was on of the Scotch lords who voted for the delivering up of the king to the English, yet it appears he continued steady with his loyalty, for which the commonwealth of England imposed no less a fine upon him than five thousand pounds Sterling, anno 1654. And as none had contributed more heartily and fiercely to bring about a restoration than lord Cochrane, so it was no sooner accomplished than he was made one of the lords of the privy council to his majesty, anno 1660, and got charters, under the great seal, William domino Cochrane de Paisley et Dundonald, of several lands and baronies, inter 1660 et 1668.

He was also constituted one of the commissioners of his majesty’s treasury and exchequer, and having discharged his duty in every station of life to the satisfaction of the king and the nation, he was further dignified with the title of earl of Dundonald, by patent to the heirs-male of his body, dated 12th of May 1669.

He married Eupheme, daughter of Sir William Scot of Ardoss, in Fife-shire, by whom he had two sons….. 1. William lord Cochrane 2. Sir John Cochrane of Ochiltree, ancestor of the present earl of Dundonald…. His daughter, Grizel, married to George lord Ross, and had issue. The earl died anno 1686. ”

M13: SCOTT, Eupheme (Euphenia) of Ardoss
                                                                                B: before 1623
                                                                                M:             Sir William of Cowdon Cochrane
                                                                                D: after 1686
CROSBIE (CROSBY), Jannet (Jane)

F13: CROSBIE, Unknown                               B:
                                                            M:            Unknown
                                                                                Comments: in Chris Dickinson’s interpretation (12-10-2006, at
                                                                                10/1160674864), the father of Jannet (Jane) Crosbie (Crosby) was a
                                                                                farmer whose family lived near Crakeplace Hall. Some other researchers
                                                                                                                                            refer to Jannet’s father as ‘Rev. Crosbie’.
M13: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                           M:            Unknown Crosbie

CURWEN, Sir Henry

F13: CURWEN, Sir Thomas                             B: c 1500
                                                                                M: (i)           Agnes Strickland (mother of Henry Curwen)
                                                                                      (ii)          Florence, widow of Thomas Foster of Etherstone,
                                                                                                                          Northumberland; sister of Thomas, Lord Wharton.
                                                                                D: c 1544.

                                                                                Sir Thomas Curwen

Thomas Curwen was Sheriff of Cumberland in the 28th year of the reign of King Henry VIII, with whom he was in great favour, as evidenced by a story, related on http://www.ebooksread.com/authors-eng/cumberland-and-westmorland-antiquarian-and-archol/publications-volume-5-bmu/page-29-publications-volume-5-bmu.shtml (original manuscript account of Cumberland families preserved in the library of the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle):

“Sir Thomas Curwen, Knt. in Henry the eighth’s time (was) an excellent archer at Twelvescore merks, and went up with his men to shoot ….. at the dissolution of Abbeys; and the King says to him, “Curwen why doth thee begg none of thes Abbeys I would gratify thee some way”….... the other …. afterwards said he would desire of him the Abbey of Furness (nye unto him) for 20 one yeares. Sayes the King, “Take it for ever”; quoth the other, “ It is long enough for you’ll set them up again in that time but they not likely to be set up againe”; This Sir Thomas Curwen sent Mr. Preston who had married his daughter to renew the lease for him, and he even renewed it in his own name which, when his father in law questioned, quoth Mr. Preston, “You shall have it as long as you live and I think I may have it with your daughter as another”.”

The ‘Mr Preston’ referred to actually married Thomas Curwen’s sister; it is “abundantly proved by the words of Sir Thomas’s will that such was the fact” (op. cit.). The will, dated 1-11-1543, and proved at York 8-11-1544, makes John Preston one of the executors, and further stipulates that “To my brother John Preston twentie pounds by yere in consideracion of the true accomplishment of my will — and when my detts be fullye paid and my children preferred, to have my hole lease of Furnes to my wiff xx marks by yere during her life owte of my lease of Sheref hoton and Furnes and my lease of Furnes to pay the annuities of £6 13s. 4d. grannted unto Hughe Askew.” John Preston is also one of the three people – the other two being Sir Thomas Wharton (whose sister – or possibly daughter – became Thomas Curwen’s second wife) and Walter Strickland – appointed as guardians of Thomas’s eldest son, Henry (Generation 11), who was still a minor at his father’s death, and who had been betrothed as a child to Lord Wharton’s daughter, Agnes, mentioned in Thomas Curwen’s will as his ‘doughter’ (although it is unlikely the marriage ever took place).

Thomas Curwen is also mentioned by Sir Thomas (Lord) Wharton in the list of those subject to border service; whereas the contingent to be supplied by each gentleman is specified in all other entries, against Sir Thomas Curwen’s name is the notation, “horse and foot at pleasure”.

M13: STRICKLAND, Agnes                          B:
                                                           M:            Sir Thomas Curwen of Workington
                                                                                Comments: Agnes “brought the Royal blood of the Plantagenets into the
                                                                                Curwen house” (John O’Hart, Irish Pedigrees).


F13: DOCWRA (DOCKERILL), Jasper          B: before 24-5-1607, Codicote, Hertfordshire.
                                                                                                    M: (i) 2-3-1632, Ann Fairchild, St Edward, Cambridge.
                                                                                                          (ii) 5-8-1650, Ann Barnewell

                                                                                Jasper Docwra (Dockerill)

The following information on the life of Jasper Docwra (Dockerill) is provided by Odd Ottesen (26-10-2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/DOCWRA/2001-10/1004093521: “Married at St Edwards Cambridge by licence 1632 Ann Fairchild.  [Jasper Docwra married (2)? in Barton in the Clay, Bedfordshire 1650 Ann Barnewell.] Under ‘nonconformity’ in Bassingbourn the VCH Cambridgeshire (VIII, 28) says: “Anabaptism had also som influence. Jasper Docwra, once farmer of the rectory, had wawered between the parish church and the Baptists in the 1650s (...). In 1676 Docwra allegedly claimed to be the Son of Man and Judge of the World, and prophesied the Last Judgement and the end of tithe paying for the next spring. He therefore refused to account as churchwarden and sold the church clock.”

In addition, Ottesen (3-11-2001, at http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/DOCWRA/2001-11/1004762144) cites Henry Chauncy’s History of Hertfordshire (published 1700): “Jasper Docwra, born in Hallwoods in Codicote, doth averre that in the year 1622 he measured the circumference of Mr Penns walnut tree, he being then 15 years old, and it was eight of his 15 fathomes of both arms in compasse round the body. (Mr Penn was Lord of the Mannor of Sisseverne.)”.

Regarding Jasper’s second marriage (5-8-1650, to Ann Barnewell), recorded as ‘at Barton in the Clay’ on the IGI, the possibility of more than one ‘Jasper Docwra’ being combined into a single life must not be discounted: an Elizabeth Dockwra, also wife of Jasper, was buried at Bassingbourn on 10-11-1674. Also, while Odd Ottesen (above) lists four children for Jasper (‘Francis and Thomas and one son and one daughter’), the name ‘James’ (Generation 12) is not mentioned.

M13: FAIRCHILD, Ann                                     B: c 1610
                                                                                M: 2-3-1632, Jasper Docwra (Dockerill), St Edward, Cambridge.
D: Buried at Bassingbourn, 8-7-1640.
Comments: information compiled by Philip Hunt,

DOUGLAS, Isabel(la)

F13: DOUGLAS, William                                 B: 1582
                                                                                M: 28-3-1604, Anne Keith
                                                                                D: 7-8-1642
                                                                                William Douglas

William Douglas (one of several members of the family bearing that name) is variously designated the 6th, 7th, or even 9th Earl of Morton. He served as Lord High Treasurer of Scotland, and was a zealous Royalist, who, on the outbreak of the Great Rebellion (1642), provided £100,000 for the cause by selling his Dalkeith estates to the Earl of Buccleuch. He also expanded his other seat, Aberdour Castle in Fife, with a Renaissance-style east wing.
On the death of his grandfather, William Douglas, 5th (or 6th) Earl of Morton (27-9-1606) -- who had been the custodian of Mary, Queen of Scots during her captivity from June 1567 until her escape on May 2, 1568 -- the Regality of Dalkeith (including the Barony of Mordingtoun) passed directly to William, as his father, Robert Douglas, ‘Master of Morton’ (Generation 14), who would normally have inherited, had disappeared at sea while abroad in 1584/5, and was assumed to have been killed by pirates (most research, indeed, gives Robert’s date of death as 1584 or 1585; in fact, it is likely that he lived at least another fifteen years, as a letter written (January, 1601) by Queen Elizabeth I refers to his long-term imprisonment in Algiers after having been captured, along with his brother-in-law, by pirates and sold into slavery). The succession of the grandson did not go unchallenged; John Maxwell, 8th Lord Maxwell (c.1586-1613), a descendant of the 3rd Earl, also claimed the earldom of Morton; however, he was attainted in 1609, and his rights then failed (his titles and estates were eventually restored (1618) to his brother Robert, with the title of Earl of Nithsdale (1620) in lieu of Morton).
William was served heir to his grandfather ‘in terris et baronia de Mordingtoun’ on  November 4, 1606 (Inquisitionum Ad Capellam Domini Regis Retornatarum Abbreviatio, Vol.1, Inquisitiones Speciales, Berwick, 63; cited on http://www.peerage.org/genealogy/barony_of_mordington.htm). This site also records the following information on William (consistently referred to as 6th earl of Morton):
By a charter under the Great Seal of Charles I on 23rd August 1634 (RMS, IX, 214; RS1/41 ff. 128v-131v) William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton, resigned lands within the Barony of Mordingtoun (being the lands of Over Mordington and others) into the hands of the King for re-grant to Sir James Douglas of Mordington, second son of William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus; these lands to be held in free regality.
By a charter under the Great Seal of Charles I on 13th September 1636 (RMS, IX, 589; C2/55/2, no. 245; RS1/45 ff. 144-146) William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton, resigned the remaining lands of the Barony of Mordingtoun (being the lands of Nether Mordington) into the hands of the King for re-grant to Thomas Ramsay, Minister of the Kirk at Foulden, and Helen Kellie, his spouse, to be held by the said Thomas Ramsay and Helen Kellie, his spouse, in conjunct fee.”
In addition to Isabel Douglas (Generation 12), William Douglas and Anne Keith had five children: Lady Margaret Douglas (1610–1678), who married the 1st Marquess of Argyll;.Lady Anne Douglas (died 1667), who married the 2nd Earl of Kinnoull; Robert Douglas, 8th Earl of Morton (died 1649); Lady Mary Douglas, who married the 2nd Earl of Dunfermline; and James Douglas, 10th Earl of Morton (died 1686).
M13: KEITH, Anne                                            B: 1586, Benholm, Kincardineshire
                                                                                M: 28-3-1604, William Douglas
                                                                                D: 30-5-1649, Kirkwall, Orkney

FULTON, William

F13: FULTON, Rev Dr                                      B:
                                                                                M:              Unknown
                                                            D: after 1614.

Rev Dr Fulton

The name of ‘Fulton’ is found in the reign of Edward I, A.D. 1296, connected with the Parish of Beith in the county of Ayrshire, Scotland, attached to a parliamentary roll or document acknowledging Edward I as ‘Kynge Paramounte’.

The Rev Dr Fulton was chaplain to Lady Arabella Stuart, Marchioness of Hertford, near London. In 1614, when Sir William Wade held the position of Lieutenant of the Tower of London, Lady Arabella was his prisoner, her crime being that she had married William Seymour, first Marchess of Hertford; a minute written on September 8 of that year, by order of the Privy Council, states: “A Letter unto Mr. Doctor Fulton. Whereas we are informed that the Lady Arabella, prisoner in the Tower, is of late fallen into some indisposition of body and mind, and that it is requisite that some person of gravity and learning be admitted unto her to give her that comfort as is expedient for a Christian in cases of weakness and infirmity: we have therefore thought meet, out of our knowledge and experience of your sufficiency and discretion, hereby to pray and require you to make your speedy and undelayed repair unto the Tower, and to give her such spiritual and fitting comfort and advice as you shall see cause; and so to visit her from time to time as in your judgment shall be thought fit. And this letter being shewed unto the Lieutenant shall be your sufficient warrant in that behalf”. (Sir Theodore C Hope, 1903, Memoirs of the Fultons of Lisburn, at www.archive.org/stream/memoirsoffultons00hope/memoirsoffultons00hope_djvu.txt)

Hope (op. cit.) is of the opinion that “Robert may have been the name of the Rev. Dr. Fulton (of the Lady Arabella)”.

M13: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Rev Dr Fulton


F13: GRAHAM, James                                    B: 1612
                                                                                M:  10-11-1629, Magdalen Carnegie
                                                                                D: 21-5-1650

                                                                                James Graham, 5th Earl and 1st Marquess of Montrose

James Graham, the ‘Great Marquess’ -- both 5th Earl and 1st marquess of Montrose -- had a remarkable career: famed as a statesman, a soldier, and even as a poet, he was one of the most important men in seventeenth-century Scotland, helping shape not only the destiny of his homeland, but also of England and Ireland.
The son of John Graham, 4th Earl of Montrose (at one time Chancellor of England, as was his father, the 3rd Earl), James was born in the later part (probably mid-October) of 1612, and attained the title of 5th Earl of Montrose in 1626, at age 14; as he was a minor, his family and kinsmen were entrusted to care for him and his lands until he came of age.
He attended school under Master William Forrett at Glasgow, proceeding to St. Andrew’s University to St. Salvator’s College. He married Magdalen Carnegie, daughter of the future Earl of Southesk, in 1629 (one of the wedding presents, a portrait of the groom, commissioned by Graham of Morphie, still exists); as they were minors, they were forced to live with Magdalen’s father, at Kinnaird Castle.
From 1633 to 1636, James travelled widely in Europe, particularly in France, where he acquired his famous bible (currently at Innerpeffray Library) which was ‘to never leave his side’. He returned to a Scotland in the throes of a rebellion, as the attempts by King Charles I (under the influence of James, 3rd Marquis of Hamilton, and the misguided Bishop Laud) to impose Episcopalian worship upon a strongly Calvinist Presbyterian community provoked riots in the streets of all major towns and cities. Charles’s response had been to invoke his Act of Revocation, which alienated most of the nobility of Scotland, including James Graham (who had been slighted by the King at Court due to the machinations of Hamilton). He agreed to sign the National Covenant (legend had it that he was first to sign), and, after two disastrous General Assemblies (1638 and 1639), led the covenanters, at the ‘Trot of Turriff’, against Charles, who, as a result, capitulated, signing the Pacification of Berwick.
When, in 1641, James Graham became aware that Archibald Campbell, the Earl of Argyll, was attempting to use the conditions of the National Covenant to usurp power rightly belonging to the King, he formed the Cumbernauld Band with a plan to quash Argyll’s treachery, a campaign doomed, however, to failure; Argyll, having learned of the plot, imprisoned James and his fellow conspirators in Edinburgh Castle for over 6 months, without trial. James was released only after Charles had come north and showered honours and titles to nearly all who professed loyalty to the King (The Earl of Argyll – whose wife was Margaret Douglas, daughter of William Douglas and Anne Keith (Generation 13); their other daughter, Isabella (Generation 12) would, coincidentally, marry the son of James Graham and Magdalen (James, Generation 12) -- was created 1st Marquis of Argyll).

In 1643, in St. Margaret’s Chapel in Westminster, the Scots and English signed the ‘Solemn League and Covenant’, a very different document to the National Covenant of 1638: if the English adopted Presbyterianism, then the Scots army would fight for the Parliamentarians against the King, which James considered “a disgraceful and contemptible piece of double-dealing ….the final straw” (http://www.montrose-society.org.uk/graham.htm). Travelling (1643) to the King’s Court at Oxford, he finally got to meet Charles and to put to him his plan for regaining Scotland for the King. Charles was, initially, skeptical, but eventually accepted the proposition; the loyal northern nobility were ordered to assist James wherever possible, and The Earl of Antrim promised troops. James rejected the offer of the title of Captain General, but instead accepted that of Liutenant-Governor, under command of Prince Maurice; he then left Oxford for his first attempt to win Scotland for the King, entering Scotland (1644) in disguise and proceeding all the way to the house of Patrick Graham Younger of Inchbrakie (‘Black Pate’, James’s greatest friend) at Tullibelton, near Dunkeld.
Arranging, at Blair Atholl, a meeting with Alastair Macdonald of Colonsay, who had been creating havoc in the north, James Graham and ‘Black Pate’ managed to avert a potential war between the Irish (under Alastair) and the Stewarts, and Robertsons, of Atholl; James “bade them all come together in the one cause and united them as best he could. He created Alastair his Major General and under Alastair were many brave officers and men such as Magnus O’ Cahan……It was now the end of August 1644 and Montrose’s year of miracles was about to commence” (op. cit).
This ‘year of miracles’ consisted of a series of battles in which he consistently emerged victorious: Battle of Tippermuir, September 1, 1644;  Battle of Aberdeen, (Justice Mills), September 13, 1644; Battle of Inverlochy, February 2, 1645; Battle of Auldearn, May 9, 1645; Battle of Alford, July 2, 1645; Battle of Kilsyth, August 15, 1645. His winning streak came to an end with a savage defeat (September 13, 1645) at Philiphaugh: “Montrose was defeated in Scotland although he had just defeated all the armies of the Covenant… (he) was not a politician and this was a time for statecraft not war and Montrose was lost” (op. cit). 
Finally, after a year of relatively-ineffective guerrilla warfare, James was ordered by King Charles, himself a prisoner, to “lay down his arms and disband his army. This he did, reluctantly at Blairgowrie in Perthshire, and he left the country on the 3rd of September in disguise just as he had entered it just 2 years earlier” (op. cit)
This voluntary exile lasted until March, 1650, by which time King Charles I had been executed, (January 30, 1649); James Graham pledged his allegiance to the new King, Charles II, who encouraged James to undertake a new campaign. “He was in fact sending Montrose to his death and he knew it. There are letters extant bought over by the king’s messenger Sir William Fleming which dictate that if Montrose has been successful he, (Fleming), was to deliver a message condemning Argyll and his minions, if however Montrose had been defeated he was to pass a letter to the Parliament disowning Montrose completely and avowing that he, the King knew nothing of Montrose’s designs” (op. cit).
James Graham was finally defeated at the battle of Carbisdale (27-4-1650), following which he took refuge at Ardwick Castle (owned by Neil Mcleod of Assynt) where he was arrested by Major General Holbourn. With no intercession forthcoming from Charles II, nothing could have saved him from the grisly sentence decreed by the 1st Marquis of Argyll, and on the night before his execution, resigned to his fate, James scrawled the following poem on the window of his cell:
Let them bestow on every airth a limb,
Then open all my veins, that I may swim
To Thee, my Maker, in that crimson lake;
Then place my parboiled head upon a stake,
Scatter my ashes, strew them in the air. -
Lord! Since Thou knowest where all these atoms are,
I'm hopeful Thou'lt recover once my dust,
And confident Thou'lt raise me with the just.
The next day, “at 3.00 p.m he was taken to the Mercat Cross between the Tron Kirk and the Castle where a gibbet 30 feet in height was mounted on a 6 foot high platform completely covered in black….. After he was dead his head, his arms and his legs were cut off, the head placed on a spike on the Tolbooth where he had spent his last hours, his other limbs were placed in the 4 major cities of Scotland in places of prominence….Montrose’s remains stayed exposed for 11 years until he was finally properly embalmed and laid to rest in St. Giles’s Kirk with great ceremony” (op. cit).

“The tragedy, of course, was that he had to fight, literally and bloodily, for a cause whose ultimate aim was that all free subjects should live together in a peaceable kingdom. And it was a double tragedy, because in the end he failed, and did not live to see his ideal realised by lesser men” (Sermon preached by Kenneth Boyd at Holy Communion on 6 July 2003, St John’s Church, Edinburgh; cited from http://www.stjohns-edinburgh.org.uk/sermons/kennethboyd030706.shtml).

A society devoted to James Graham and his accomplishments exists today (the extensive quotes contained in this summary were, with one exception, sourced from its website); in addition, his exploits feature prominently in The Red Book of Heroes, by Leonora Blanche Lang, and a renowned biography of him has been written by John Buchan.

M13: CARNEGIE, Magdalen                         B: 1615, Kinnaird, Angusshire, Scotland
                                                                                M:  10-11-1629, James Graham, 5th Earl and 1st Marquess of Montrose.
                                                                                D: November, 1645, Kilbirnie, Ayershire, Scotland 

                                                                                Magdalen Carnegie

Youngest of the six daughters of Sir David Carnegie of Kinniard, Earl of Southesk,  and married at age 14 (at which time she had just sixteen more years to live), Magdalen Carnegie is the subject of the book Lady Magdalen, by the author of The Pearl Fishers, Robin Jenkins (2003, Edinburgh, Scotland). The plot summary of the book (from www.allreaders.com/topics/info_28203.asp) states:

Lady Magdalen tells the story of Magdalen Carnegie, a daughter in a powerful 17th century Scottish family. It opens just before she is married to James Graham, who becomes the Marquis of Montrose, considered one of the most charismatic men in Scottish history. The events and the details depicted follow what history knows about Montrose, but it looks at them from the view point of his wife from her young adulthood until her death.

Magdalen is a serious and religously devout woman, who looks plain on the outside but many see an inner strength in her. Montrose is ambitious and during the era of civil war under Charles I, he acts unethically to gain the most power. In contrast, Magdalen lives by principles trying in her domestic sphere to do good and is unable to convince her husband to also live by principles instead of seeking glory. The contrast between her home and family life and his political and military life provide a rich portrait of 17th century Scotland.”

F13: JEFFERSON, Unknown                          B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

M13: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Jerfferson

KENNEDY, Lady Catherine

F13: KENNEDY, John                                       B:
                                                                                M: (i) 7-1-1621/2, at Whitehall, London:  Lady Jean Hamilton
      (ii) 16-3-1633/4, Lady Margaret Hay
D:  April, 1668

John Kennedy, 6th Earl of Casillis

John Kennedy (styled “the grave and solemn” earl, and described – in The Scottish nation, http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/cassillis.htm -- as “a person of great virtue and of considerable abilities….so sincere that he never would permit his words to be understood but in their direct sense”) succeeded to the title of 6th Earl of Cassillis on July 25, 1616. He was one of the three Elders sent to the Divines at Westminster, to ratify the ‘solemn league’ (1643). He was later sent to King Charles I (September, 1646) to urge him to accept the English propositions.

John Kennedy held the office of an Extraordinary Lord of Session (Scotland) between 1649 and 1651, and agagin between June, 1661 and July, 1662. He also held the office of Justice-General between 1649 and 1651. He was sent (March, 1649) to King Charles II at Breda (The Netherlands) with instructions from Parliament. While he was one of the 62 members of Cromwell’s ‘House of Lords’, he never actually sat. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor of Scotland (February 13, 1660/61).     

Vicary Gibbs writes that John Kennedy “is continually referred in the Lauderdale Papers as a proud obstinate old man, dressed in strange fashion, and eccentric in language and opinions ... he refused for fear or favour to betray his rigid Presbyterian principles by taking the oath of allegiance which in his eyes implied the Royal Supremacy in ecclesiastical affairs”.
John Kennedy married twice. His first marriage and its dramatic end is the subject of a balled (Johnie Faa, the Gypsy Laddie) which paints him as cruel and vengeful; yet there is evidence that the attempted elopement and subsequent imprisonment of his wife is mere fiction: a letter (still extant) from the earl to the Rev. Robert Douglas, written shortly after Lady Jean’s death, expresses a respect and tenderness for her memory quite inconceivable had she been guilty of conspiring to elope with a lover. The marriage produced a son (James, Lord Kennedy, who died unmarried) and two daughters.
The elder daughter, Lady Margaret, married the celebrated Bishop Burnet, but had no children (a lady of considerable piety and knowledge, she was, however, not remarkable for her political discretion: it is related of her that one day, during the commonwealth, as she was standing at a window, she reviled some of Cromwell’s soldiers as murderers of their king, and continued to do so in spite of the soldiers’ threats to her that, unless she held her tongue they would fire; they subsequently did just that,  and a bullet passed between her and another lady beside her, narrowly missing both. Her sentiments inclined strongly towards the presbyterians, with whom she was in high credit and esteem). Owing to the disparity of their ages, the bishop delivered to her the day before their marriage, a deed renouncing all claim to her fortune, which was considerable.
John Kennedy’s younger daughter, Lady Catherine (Generation 12), married (1653) William Lord Cochrane, eldest son of the first earl of Dundonald.
The earl of Cassillis married, secondly, Lady Margaret Hay, only daughter of the tenth earl of Errol, relict of Henry Lord Ker; they had a son (John, 7th earl) and two daughters (Mary and Elizabeth).
 M13: HAMILTON, Jean                                 B: 5-2-1607 (possibly 8-2-1607)
                                                                                M: 7-1-1621/2, John Kennedy
                                                                                D: before 15-12-1642 (buried 5-1-1643)

                                                                                Lady Jean Hamilton

Lady Jean Hamilton is famed as the heroine of the popular ballad of Johnie Faa, the Gypsy Laddie, the opening stanzas of which run:

The gypsies cam to lord Cassillis yet,
And O! But they sang bonnie;
They sang sae sweet, and sae complete,
That doun dam our fair lady.
She cam tripping doun the stairs,
Wi’ a’ her maids before her,
As soon as they saw her weelfar’d face,
They cuist their glamourie o’er her.”
‘Ill-starred’ daughter of the first earl of Haddington, she is said to have been, before her marriage to John Kennedy, betrothed to a gallant young knight, a Sir John Faa of Dunbar (a town no more than three miles from her father’s seat of Tynningham); the offer of marriage into the Kennedy family was considered so advantageous to the Hamiltons that she was commanded by her father to break off her engagement. However, she arranged with her lover that he should go to the continent, under a solemn pledge that he would return in a few months.

Two full years passed, without, however, any news of, or from, him, and -- a letter having been received from the English ambassador at Madrid, giving assurance of his death by the hands of some bravos – Jean at last consented, reluctantly, to marry the earl, who, “finding that his new bride preferred solitude to his society, is said to have treated her with the utmost indifference”.

One evening – the earl being away from home, attending the assembly of divines at Westminster -- she was taking her accustomed walk on the battlements of the castle of Cassillis (on the left bank of the Doon), when she observed a large band of gypsies approaching; on arriving at the house, they ‘commenced some of their wild strains’, and the countess was in the act of dropping some pieces of money from the window to them, when she recognised, in their leader, ‘the commanding figure of her former lover, Sir John Faa’.

In the ensuing reunion, the cause of John Faa’s long absence was explained: confined, for four years, in the Inquisition, due to some expression he had used with respect to the Church of Rome, he had, immediately on regaining his liberty, hastened directly to London, where he had learned for the first time that she was married.

He now prevailed upon her to elope with him; but they had not proceeded far when the earl returned home unexpectedly, with a powerful retinue. John immediately pursued and overtook the fugitives, and, after a short encounter, captured, at a ford over the Doon (still called ‘the Gypsies’ steps’) the whole party but one. Sir John Faa and his followers -- fifteen in all -- were hanged from a tree (known by the name of the ‘dule’, or dolor, tree, which still flourishes on a small knoll in front of the castle gate) while the countess was compelled by her husband to observe the scene from a window (the room where the unhappy lady endured this torture is still called The Countess’s room’).

After a short confinement in that apartment, a house at Maybole, which formed the earl’s winter residence (and which is still in the possession of the family), was, for her future reception, fitted up by the addition of ‘a fine projecting stair-case, upon which were carved fifteen heads representing those of her lover and his band’.

There she languished, in strict confinement, for the short remainder of her life; it is said that she completely covered the walls of her prison with tapestry, the weaving of which occupied most of her time. In this she represented her unsuccessful elopement, but in circumstances quite different from the details of the ballad: she is shown, gorgeously attired, mounted behind her lover on a superb white horse, and surrounded by a group bearing no resemblance to a band of gypsies.

There remains some doubt whether the elopement and subsequent imprisonment ever actually occurred, and it is more than likely that ‘the frail fair one’ was someone else, not the wife of the Earl, who, following her death, wrote a letter expressing respect and tenderness towards her (see entry above for John Kennedy). A fragmentary piece of the tapestry purported to have been woven by Lady Jean is still preserved at Culzean Castle; however, it probably owes its name and interest, not to historical accuracy, but to the inventive faculties of its custodians, who ‘connect the countess with what never may have had the slightest relation to her’.

LAWSON, William

F13: LAWSON, Sir Wilfrid                               B: c 1610
                                                                                M:              Jane Musgrave
                                                                                D: 13-12-1688 or 1689

Sir Wilfrid Lawson

Sir Wilfrid Lawson resided at Isell Hall, Isell, Cumberland, and matriculated at Queens College (Oxford), on 21-11-1628. He was Sheriff of Cumberland for 1635-6 and again for 1652-3. He was M.P. for Cumberland (1659-60) and for Cockermouth (1661-1678). He was knighted at Whitehall (London) on 26-2-1640/1, and, later, created a Baronet (31-3-1688). He died shortly afterwards (13-12-1688 or 1689) and was succeeded by his grandson, Wilfred (Generation 11).

Sir Wilfrid Lawson is buried at Isell.

M13: MUSGRAVE, Jane                                 B:               Hayton Castle, Cumberland.
                                                                                M:              Sir Wilfrid Lawson             
                                                                                D: 8-6-1677

LIDDELL, Barbara

F13: LIDDELL, Thomas                                     B: c 1565, Ravensworth, Durham.
                                                                                M: 13-1-1586, Jane Mitford
                                                                                D: August, 1619. Buried 19-8-1619, Newcastle.

M13: MITFORD, Jane                                      B: c 1572. Christened 11-9-1572, St Nicholas, Newcastle.
                                                                                M: 13-1-1586, Thomas Liddell
                                                                                D: July, 1602. Buried 12-7-1602.
                                                                                Siblings: Christopher, Henry, Agnes.


F13: LOWTHER, John                                       B: c 1628, Hackthorpe
                                                                                M: (i) 1655, Elizabeth Bellingham
                                                                                       (ii)            Mary Withins
 D: March, 1668

                                                                                John Lowther of Hackthorpe and Maulds Meburn

John Lowther (also known as John Henry Lowther) did not succeed to the baronetcy, as he pre-deceased his father. He had two children (John and Mary) by his first wife, Elizabeth Bellingham, and one – born after his death – by his second wife, Mary Withins.

M13: BELLINGHAM, Elizabeth                     B: c 1627
                                                                                M:              John Lowther


F13: NIGHTINGALE, Unknown                    B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

F14: UNKNOWN                                               B:             
M:             Unknown Nightingale

F13: PRESTON, Thomas                                 B: 1620
                                                                                M:              Katherine Hoghton
                                                                                D: 1678
Thomas Preston

Successor to the estates of Holker Park, and husband of the daughter of the Baron of Hoghton Tower, Thomas Preston joined his kinsmen (the Prestons of the Manor, and of the Cockerham estate) on the side of  Charles I when, in 1642, hostilities commenced between the forces of the King and the English Parliament. While, by this course of action, he greatly damaged his estates, he did, as compensation, partake in the honors which Charles II designed to bestow upon the more wealthy of the nobles who had proven true to his father’s cause: Thomas Preston was one of several Lancashire nobles, who, after the Restoration, were selected by Charles II for the order of the Royal Oak, meaning that his estates remained valued at £2000 per annum.

Honours bestowed upon Thomas Preston continued long after the war: he is mentioned as deputy-lieutenant of Lancashire, and as High Sheriff (1678).

M13: HOGHTON, Katherine                         B:
                                                                                M:               Thomas Preston
                                                                                Comments: Katherine’s brother, Sir Gilbert Hoghton, of Hoghton Tower,
                                                                                was involved in the trial and execution of James, Earl of Derby,
                                                                                representing, to Cromwell, “the impolicy and danger of suffering the Earl
                                                                                of Derby to be  at large, now that he had fallen into their hands, and so
 …..obtained a commission to have him tried by a military court of inquiry,
or pretended court-martial, consisting of twelve sequestrators and
committee-men, packed together by their own appointment” (Draper,
The House of Stanley, at 


F13: SANDERSON, Henry                              B:
                                                                                M: 2-11-1580, St Antholin, London, Mary Lawrence
                                                            D: after 1615
Comments: Held the title of ‘Constable’. A reference, by Michael C.
Questier (1996), Conversion, politics, and religion in England, 1580-1625,
to a pre-1603 ‘puritan  customs official and priest-hunter’ named Henry
Sanderson possibly refers to this Henry.

M13: LAWRENCE, Mary                                 B: c 1558, Huntingdon.
                                                                                M:  2-11-1580, St Antholin, London, Henry Sanderson
                                                                                D: December, 1623. Buried 17-12-1623, Brancepeth, Durham.
                                                                                Comments: Ref: AFN: 1FM3-GV3, at

SELL, William

F13: SELL, Unknown                                        B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

M13: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Sell


F13: STAMFORD, Unknown                         B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown

M13: UNKNOWN                                             B:
                                                                                M:             Unknown Stamford

STRICKLAND, Milcah (Milcha, Mildred)

F13: STRICKLAND, Sir William                      B: 1596
                                                                                M: (i) 18-6-1622, Margaret Cholmley
                                                                                      (ii)                  Frances Finch
                                                                                D: 1673

William Strickland
Eldest son and heir of Walter Strickland of Boynton (in the East Riding of Yorkshire), Sir William Strickland inherited his father’s estates in 1636.
Sir William was educated at Queens’ College, Cambridge, proceeding to Gray’s Inn (though he seems not to have qualified as a barrister). Knighted in 1630, he was elected to parliament in 1640 as member for Hedon. He was a strict Puritan, and seems to have been a friend and, initially, supporter of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (to whom he was distantly related: Strickland’s mother was a Wentworth), although he is not one of the MPs who was listed as voting against Thomas Wentworth’s attainder. After Thomas’s death, Sir William moved firmly towards the Parliamentary cause, although – possibly in an attempt to sway him towards support for the crown -- the king created him a baronet (29-7-1641). From 1642 to 1646, Sir William Strickland was ‘Custos Rotulorum’ of the East Riding of Yorkshire.
Sir William sat for Hedon throughout the Long Parliament, taking a hard line in support of the Commonwealth, and, later, of Cromwell (an opposition pamphleteer decribed him as being in favour of “settling the Protector anew in all those things for which the king was cut off”). He also spoke frequently in favour of the punishment of James Naylor.
After the expulsion, by Oliver Cromwell, of the Rump Parliament (20-4-1653), Sir William did not appear in the Barebone's Parliament, but was elected for the Protectorate Parliaments of as one of the four members for the East Riding (1654 and 1656). He was subsequently summoned to Cromwell’s House of Peers as Lord Strickland (his younger brother, Walter Strickland, was also a member, holding a number of other senior offices during the Commonwealth). Sir William sat in the restored Long Parliament in 1659, but apparently took no part in its proceedings and -- unlike his brother -- seems to have retired entirely from public affairs after the Restoration; nevertheless, he was not molested by the authorities.
Sir William married twice: his first (18-6-1622) was to Margaret Cholmley (daughter of Sir Richard Cholmley of Whitby), who gave him four daughters but no male heir; the second marriage (after his first wife’s death in 1629), was to Frances Finch (daughter of Thomas Finch, 2nd Earl of Winchilsea) who gave him his one son, Thomas, who succeeded him in the baronetcy.
M13: CHOLMLEY, Margaret                         B:
                                                                                M: 18-6-1622, William Strickland
                                                                                D: 1629

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